Sporting Cristal

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Club Sporting Cristal
Escudo del Club Sporting Cristal.svg
Full nameClub Sporting Cristal
Nickname(s)Los Cerveceros, Los Rimenses, Los Celestes, La Fuerza Vencedora, La Máquina Celeste
Founded13 December 1955; 63 years ago (1955-12-13)
GroundEstadio Alberto Gallardo,
Lima
Capacity18,000
PresidentPeru Cristian Emmerich
ManagerPeru Manuel Barreto
LeagueTorneo Descentralizado
2018Torneo Descentralizado, Champion
WebsiteClub website

Club Sporting Cristal is a Peruvian football team. Based in the Rímac District, in the department of Lima, it plays in the professional league known as the Peruvian First Division. Sporting Cristal has won the league title 19 times, and it is the Peruvian team with the third most National titles. All its titles have been won in the professional era.

It is one of the most popular football teams in Peru, along with Universitario and Alianza Lima; it is the youngest of the three. In 1997, it became the second Peruvian football club to reach the final of the Copa Libertadores, an international competition.

Sporting Cristal plays its home games at the Estadio Alberto Gallardo. They also play at the Estadio Nacional for international competitions such as Copa Libertadores or Copa Sudamericana. The Estadio Nacional is also the venue for matches against Universitario and Alianza Lima.

History[edit]

Ricardo Bentín Mujica, with the support of his wife, co-owners of Backus and Johnston brewery, was the man who is credited with achieving the company's goal. A club from Rímac ward, known as Sporting Tabaco founded in 1926 and originally belonging to the tobacco growers' union, was already playing in the professional Peruvian First Division. Never having won a national championship, the club was in dire economic straits. Bentín decided to buy the club and search for a playing ground, so that the club could develop and be able to play better at the professional level. The club found a lot in the neighborhood of La Florida of 137,000 m².

On December 13, 1955 the club was founded as Sporting Cristal , after Backus' best-known beer brand, Cristal. The new club from the Rímac ward debuted in 1956 in the professional Primera Division and won their first national title that same year. Journalists thus called them the club born a champion (nació campeon). The team managed to win more titles over the years and was known as one of the best football clubs in Peru after Universitario and Alianza Lima. A few years later, the club eliminated the word Backus from their name to demonstrate their economic independence.

During the 1962 edition until the 1969 edition of the Copa Libertadores, Sporting Cristal went on an 17-game undefeated streak,[1] the longest unbeaten streak in the Copa Libertadores, winning 8 games, and tying 9.

Sporting Cristal changed its shirt color from blue to light blue. They are known as "Los Celestes". During a brief period between 1978 and 1981, they again used blue shirts. In 1982 they returned to light blue as the color of the club.

The 1990s were the most successful decade as they claimed 4 national titles (including 3 in a row) with coach Juan Carlos Oblitas. Under Oblitas, Cristal won 1991, 1994 and 1995 domestic league. Then, guided by Sergio Markarián head coach they won 1996 league. By 1997, the team, led by Uruguayan coach Sergio Markarián, reached the finals of the Copa Libertadores, where they faced the Brazilian club Cruzeiro. The first leg was a home game, in which they ended in a scoreless draw; in the second leg, they lost 1–0. This is the closest Team Peru has come to the Copa Libertadores Final since 1972, when Universitario had a similar fate playing against Independiente.

The club stayed on the top spots of the national tournament during most of the 2000s and gained qualification to the Copa Libertadores eight years in a row from 2000 to 2007. It would only win two titles during the decade which were obtain in 2002 and 2005 with many notable players as Sergio Leal, Jorge Soto and Luis Alberto Bonnet. However, during the 2007, Cristal would come four points away from relegation. It would make a comeback during the 2008 season and qualify to the Copa Libertadores once again.

In 2009, the Primera División Peruana would change the tournament structured which caused Sporting Cristal to have mediocre results for the next few years into the new decade. After a seven-year dry spell it would become the national champion once more during the 2012 season when it defeated Real Garcilaso in the finals. They qualified to the 2013 Copa Libertadores where they did not pass the tournament's group stage. In the 2013 season, they played on the same liguilla as Real Garcilaso and fought for a place in the final up to the last match of the season in which they finished third and qualified for the 2014 Copa Libertadores once more.

In the 2018 season, they conquered another historical feat, they became the best Team Peru in the Historic Table during the Professional Era (1966 - 2018). As of 2018, they surpassed Universitario for the first spot, 3264 points to Universitario's 3236 points.[2]

Rivalries[edit]

Sporting Cristal has had longstanding rivalries with Universitario, Alianza Lima, Deportivo Municipal, and Sport Boys.

Supporters[edit]

Cristal has three ultras or barra bravas known as Extremo Celeste, Fverza Oriente Gvardia Xtrema. Fverza Oriente was the first ultra of Cristal, founded in 1975. They are located on eastern grandstand of the stadiums. Extremo Celeste was formed in 1991 when a group of young fans from Fuerza Oriente decided to form a new group for young energetic supporters. Extremo Celeste has become one of the biggest barras bravas in Peru. And in 2007 a smaller third ultra was created in the western grandstand to support the team. Sporting Cristal had supporters on every grandstand on Estadio Alberto Gallardo.

Honours[edit]

National[edit]

Winners (19): 1956, 1961, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2002, 2005, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2018
Runner-up (13): 1962, 1963, 1967, 1973, 1977, 1989, 1992, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2015
Winners (4): 1994, 2003, 2015, 2018
Runner-up (6): 1997, 2001, 2006, 2008, 2016, 2019
Winners (6): 1998, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2014, 2016
Runner-up (2): 2000, 2008
Winners (1): 2018
Winners (3): 1989-I, 1991-I, 1991-II
Winners (1): 1982

International[edit]

Runner-up (1): 1997

Friendly International[edit]

Winners (2): 2001, 2006
Runner-up (1): 2002-II
Winners (1): 1988

Under-20 team[edit]

Winners (3): 2016, 2018, 2019
Runner-up (3): 2014-I, 2015-III, 2017

Performance in CONMEBOL competitions[edit]

Runners-up (1): 1997
1962, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019
2018: First Stage
2019: TBD
1994: Quarter-finals
1998: First Round
1999: First Round
2000: First Round
2001: First Round
2012: Group Stage

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 25 February 2019.[3]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Peru GK Patricio Alvarez
2 Peru DF Johan Madrid
3 Peru DF Benjamin Villalta
4 Peru DF Gianfranco Chavez
5 Chile DF Omar Merlo
6 Peru DF Jesus Pretell
7 Peru MF Horacio Calcaterra
8 Argentina MF Christian Ortiz
9 Argentina FW Emanuel Herrera
10 Peru MF Patricio Arce
12 Peru GK Renato Solis
13 Peru DF Renzo Revoredo
No. Position Player
17 Peru MF Gerard Tavara
18 Peru MF Christofer Gonzalez
21 Peru MF Anthony Aoki
22 Peru DF Jair Céspedes
23 Uruguay MF Jorge Cazulo
24 Peru FW Fernando Pacheco
26 Peru GK Emile Franco
27 Peru MF Carlos Lobatón (Captain)
28 Peru DF Edinson Chávez
28 Uruguay FW Cristian Palacios
- Mexico FW Brandon Palacios

Top scorers[edit]

# Name Goals
Peru Jorge Soto 175
Peru Alberto Gallardo 148
Argentina Luis Bonnet 140
Brazil Julinho 134
Peru Flavio Maestri 117

Presidential history[edit]

 
Name Years
Blas Loredo Bascones 1956–59
Alfonso Raul Villegas 1960–63
Augusto Moral Santisteban 1964
Cesar Freundt 1965
Augusto Galvez Velarde 1966–71
Josue Grande Fernandez 1972–79
Jaime Noriega Zegarra 1980–88
Federico Cúneo de La Pierda 1989–93
 
Name Years
Francisco Lombardi Oyarzub 1994–95
Alfonso Grados Carraro 1996–99
Francisco Lombardi Oyarzub 2000–01
Jaime Noriega Bentin 2002–04
François Mujica Serelle 2005–10
Felipe Cantuarias Salaverry 2011–14
Federico Cúneo de La Pierda 2014–2018
Carlos Benavides 2019
Cristian Emmerich 2019–

Managerial history[edit]

List of Sporting Cristal managers through club history.[4]

 
Years Nationality Name
1956–58 Chile Luis Tirado
1958–59 Argentina César Viccino
1960 Argentina Carlos Peucelle
1960 Peru Víctor Pasache
1961–62 Peru Juan Honores
1962 Peru Víctor Pasache
1962–64 Brazil Waldir Pereira "Didí"
1964–66 Peru Alberto "Toto" Terry
1966 Brazil Yaldo Barbalho
1967–69 Brazil Waldir Pereira "Didí"
1969 Peru Víctor Pasache
1969–70 Argentina Vito Andrés "Sabino" Bártoli
1971 Germany Rudi Gutendorf
1972–74 Peru Marcos Calderón
1974 Peru Rafael Asca
1974–75 Peru Eloy Campos
1976 Peru Juan Honores
1976 Peru Víctor Pasache
1976–77 Peru Diego Agurto
1977 Peru Alberto Gallardo
1977–78 Uruguay Roque Máspoli
1978 Peru Alberto Gallardo
1978–79 Peru José Fernández
1979–81 Peru Marcos Calderón
1981–82 Peru Alberto Gallardo
1982–83 Paraguay César Cubilla
1984 Peru José Chiarella
1985 Peru Alberto Gallardo
1985 Peru José del Castillo
1985–86 Peru Héctor Chumpitaz
1987–88 Peru Miguel Company
1988 Peru Óscar Montalvo
1988–89 Peru Alberto Gallardo
1989–90 Argentina
Argentina
Oscar López
Oscar Cavallero
 
Years Nationality Name
1990 Peru Fernando Mellán
1990 Chile Eugenio Jara
1990–92 Peru Juan Carlos Oblitas
1993 Brazil José Carlos Amaral
1993–95 Peru Juan Carlos Oblitas
1996 Brazil José Luis Carbone
1996 Peru Roberto Mosquera
1996–97 Uruguay Sergio Markarián
1997–98 Chile Miguel Ángel Arrué
1998 Colombia Luis García
1998–99 Peru Franco Navarro
1999 Argentina Rodolfo Motta
1999–01 Peru Juan Carlos Oblitas
2001 Argentina Horacio Magalhaes
Jan 1, 2002 – Dec 31, 2002 Brazil Paulo Autuori
2003 Brazil Renê Weber
2003–04 Peru Wilmar Valencia
2004 Peru Eduardo Asca
2004–05 Argentina Edgardo Bauza
May 22, 2005 – Dec 17, 2006 Peru José del Solar
Jan 1, 2007 – May 5, 2007 Argentina Jorge Sampaoli
2007 Argentina Walter Fiori
July 1, 2007 – Dec 31, 2009 Peru Juan Carlos Oblitas
Jan 1, 2010 – Dec 9, 2010 Peru Víctor Rivera
Dec 21, 2010 – April 19, 2011 Argentina Guillermo Rivarola
April 20, 2011 – Nov 23, 2011 Peru Juan Reynoso
Nov 23, 2011 – Dec 31, 2011 Peru Francisco Melgar
Jan 1, 2012 – Aug 7, 2013 Peru Roberto Mosquera
Aug 7, 2013 – Aug 18, 2013 Peru Francisco Melgar (int.)
Aug 18, 2013 – Dec 19, 2013 Argentina Claudio Vivas
Jan 1, 2014–15 Argentina Daniel Ahmed
Jan 4, 2016 – Dec 19, 2016 Argentina Mariano Soso
Jan 4, 2017 – Jun 25, 2017 Peru José del Solar
Jun 25, 2017 – Dic 3, 2017 Peru Pablo Zegarra
Jan 4, 2018 – Dic 18, 2018 Chile Mario Salas
Jan 7, 2019 – Feb 5, 2019 Colombia Alexis Mendoza
Feb 8, 2019 – Argentina Claudio Vivas

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canales, Jostein. "Conmebol rememoró el histórico récord que ostenta Sporting Cristal en la Libertadores". https://www.msn.com/. La Republica. Retrieved 21 May 2019. External link in |website= (help)
  2. ^ "Tabla Acumulada 1966-2018". www.dechalaca.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Club Sporting Cristal – Plantel Profesional 2019". Club Sporting Cristal. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Sporting Cristal". Sporting Cristal. Retrieved Aug 29, 2019.

External links[edit]