Sporting Clube de Portugal
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2014)|
|Full name||Sporting Clube de Portugal|
Verde-e-Brancos (Green and White)
|Founded||1 July 1906|
|Ground||Estádio José Alvalade|
|President||Bruno de Carvalho|
|2014–15||Primeira Liga, 3rd|
|Website||Club home page|
Sporting Clube de Portugal, OM, ComC, MHIH (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈspɔɾtĩŋ ˈkluβ(ɨ) ðɨ puɾtuˈɣaɫ]) (Euronext: SCP) or Sporting CP (colloquially known as Sporting in Lusophone countries, and often referred to as Sporting Lisbon in Anglophone countries) is a Portuguese sports club based in Lisbon. Sporting is best known for its association football team.
Founded in Lisbon on 1 July 1906, they are one of the "Três Grandes" (The Big Three) football clubs in Portugal. With over 120,000 club members, They are nicknamed Leões (English: Lions) and Verde-e-Brancos (English: Green and White). The club's anthem, "A Marcha do Sporting" (English: Sporting's March), was written in 1955, and was originally sung by the Portuguese singer Maria José Valério.
Sporting were a founding member of the Primeira Liga and, along with S.L. Benfica and FC Porto, have never been relegated from the top flight of Portuguese football since its establishment in 1934. Sporting are the third most successful Portuguese football club, with 46 titles in Portuguese competitions and one international title, the 1963–64 European Cup Winners' Cup. Domestically, they have won 18 Primeira Liga titles, 16 Portuguese Cups (Taça de Portugal), four Championships of Portugal (a record tied with Porto) and eight Portuguese SuperCup titles.
Sporting is known for its football youth academy system, which has developed footballers such as Nani, Ricardo Quaresma, Paulo Futre and Ballon d'Or recipients Cristiano Ronaldo and Luís Figo. Later, as an honour, Ronaldo was made club member 100,000.
- 1 History
- 2 Team colours
- 3 Crests
- 4 Rivalries
- 5 Facilities
- 6 Club records
- 7 Honours
- 8 Players
- 9 Former coaches
- 10 Club officials
- 11 Other sports
- 12 Presidents
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Sporting Clube de Portugal has its origins in June 1902, when young men Francisco da Ponte, Horta Gavazzo and his brother José Maria decided to create Sport Club de Belas. This club, the first ancestor of Sporting, played just one match and at the end of the year's summer, disbanded. Two years later, the idea of creating a football club was revived, and this time, with the Gavazzo brothers joined by José Alvalade and José Stromp, a new club, the Campo Grande Football Club, was founded. They played their matches on the estate of Viscount of Alvalade, the grandfather of José Alvalade, with the club's headquarters located at the house of Francisco Gavazzo.
For two years, the club developed an intense activity on several sports, namely football, tennis and fencing. The club also organized parties and picnics. Eventually, during one picnic, on 12 April 1906, discussions erupted, as some members defended that the club should only focused on organizing picnics and social events, with another group defending that the club should focused on the practicing of sports instead. Some time later, José Gavazzo, José Alvalade and 17 other members left the club, with the latter saying
"I am going to have with me my grandfather and he will give me the money to make another club." 
As such, a new club, Campo Grande Sporting Clube, was founded. The Viscount of Alvalade, whose money helped to fund the club, was the first president of Sporting. José Alvalade, as one of the main founders, uttered on behalf of himself and his fellow co-founders,
"We want this club to be a great club, as great as the greatest in Europe."
Three months later, on 1 July 1906, António Félix da Costa Júnior suggested the name Sporting Clube de Portugal, and this date is considered the official day Sporting was founded.
Early years (1907–1940s)
The year 1907 marked some "firsts" for the club, as Sporting's played the first football match of their history on 3 February, ending in a 5–1 defeat against 3rd-tier club Cruz Negra; inaugurated their first ground, known as "Sítio das Mouras" (the most advanced in Portugal at the time, equipped with showers, two tennis courts, an athletics track and a football field) on 4 July; and played the first derby of all time against local rivals S.L. Benfica (then known as Grupo Sport Lisboa) on 1 December.
The club also released their first report card on 31 March 1922, titled "Boletim do Sporting" (Sporting's Report), lending the foundation for the later called "Jornal do Sporting", the official newspaper of the club, that still exists today.
Sporting played their first Primeira Liga game (the 1st Division of Portuguese football) ever on 20 January 1935, winning 0-6 against Académica de Coimbra. A year later, in 1936, the club had their heaviest defeat ever against Porto, losing 10–1. Sporting, however, got their revenge a year later, when they humbled the same team with a 9-1 result. In 1941, under the guidance of Hungarian manager József Szabó, the club celebrated the first league title of their history.
The Golden Years (Late 1940s–1970s)
The football team had their height during the 1940s and 1950s. It was spearheaded by Fernando Peyroteo, José Travassos, Albano Pereira, Jesus Correia and Manuel Vasques, in a quintet nicknamed "The Five Violins". With the violins' help, Sporting won seven league titles in eight seasons between 1947 and 1954, including an unprecedented four in a row from 1950/51 onwards. Fernando Peyroteo, the most known of "the violins", is considered one of the greatest Portuguese players of all time.
Sporting and the Yugoslavian team Partizan both made history on 4 September 1955, as they played the first-ever UEFA Champion Clubs' Cup match. Sporting player João Martins scored the first-ever goal of the competition, on the 14th minute. The match ended in a 3-3 draw.
Sporting also inaugurated their new venue, José Alvalade Stadium, on 10 June 1956. This stadium was the home ground of the club until 2003.
In the 1960s, Sporting achieved overseas success, winning the 1963–64 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, defeating MTK Budapest of Hungary in the final. It was the only time a Portuguese team side won a UEFA Cup Winners' Cup title.The team entered the competition defeating Atalanta in the qualifying round, then past Cypriot club APOEL in what was the biggest win in a single UEFA competitions game to date: 16–1, a record that still stands today. On the next round, they lost 4-1 to Manchester United at Old Trafford in the first hand, but made a remarkable comeback at home, winning 5–0. In the semi-finals, Sporting eliminated Lyon, and in the end MTK Budapest, in a two-round final to win their first European title. The winning goal was scored by João Morais from a direct corner kick.
The club reached the semi-finals of the Cup Winners' Cup in 1974, but lost to eventual winners Magdeburg, from East Germany.
Domestic drought (1982–2000)
English manager Malcolm Allison arrived at Sporting in 1981, and under his guidance the club won the domestic double (league title and Portuguese cup), in 1982. However, in the years after, between 1982 and 2000, the Alvalade club suffered from a domestic drought of titles, with the sole trophy won during this time being the Portuguese Cup, in 1995. Sporting also reached the same final in the next year, but lost 3–1 against Benfica.
Despite this, there were some highlights during this time, particularly a 7–1 victory over Benfica at the old José Alvalade Stadium on 14 December 1986. Sporting also reached the UEFA Cup semi-final in 1991, losing against Internazionale. 
In 2000, Sporting, led by manager Augusto Inácio (a former Sporting player, who at the beginning of the season replaced the Italian Giuseppe Materazzi), won the league title on the last match day, with a 4–0 victory over Salgueiros, ending an 18-year drought.
The New Millennium (2001–present)
Domestically, Sporting has not won a league title since 2002, but managed back-to-back wins in the Portuguese Cup in 2007 and 2008. Additionally, after 41-years, Sporting reached their second European final, the 2005 UEFA Cup Final. Played at their home ground, the team, however, lost 3–1 against Russian club CSKA Moscow. The club almost reached another European final in 2012, but were dropped out of the competition by Athletic Bilbao, in the semi-finals of the 2011–12 Europa League. Sporting also reached, for the first time, the knockout phase of UEFA Champions League, in the 2008–09 season, but were roundly defeated by FC Bayern Munich, with an aggregate loss of 12–1. This is widely regarded as one of the lowest points in the history of the club.
Also, years of financial mismanagement almost led to the demise of the club. In 2011, the club had amassed debts of over €276 million. The results on the pitch were also abysmal, with Sporting finishing seventh - their lowest position ever in the league table - in the 2012–13 Primeira Liga. After immense pressure both from within and outside the club, Luís Godinho Lopes, then-president of Sporting, resigned. Bruno de Carvalho was his successor. With an ambitious speech, Carvalho's intentions were negotiating with the banks, and also putting Sporting back on the trail of glory, while "declaring war" on those that led Sporting to the abyss, suing them on courts.
With a more stable structure within the club, the 2013–14 season saw improvements in the results, as Sporting finished second in the table, thus gaining direct access to the 2014–15 UEFA Champions League, the first time in five years the club reached the top-tier of European competitions.
In the 2014–15 season, Sporting won their 16th Portuguese Cup in dramatic fashion. The Lisbon side, led by Marco Silva, played the final against Braga, and after a disastrous start, found themselves losing 0–2 at half-time and playing with ten men after the sending-off of Cédric Soares. With the final seemingly lost, Islam Slimani gave some hope to the fans as he scored the 1–2 on the 83 minute. In stoppage time, Fredy Montero managed to equalize, forcing extra-time. Sporting ultimately won the match 3–1 on penalties. Celebrations ended in a pitch invasion of Estádio José Alvalade by the fans, as the club touched silverware for the first time in seven years.
In June 2015, Jorge Jesus joined Sporting, after Benfica opted not to renew his contract as coach of the club, signing a three-year contract. Presented as the new manager of the club on 1 July, the managerial change took the rivalry of both Lisbon clubs to new heights. Some Portuguese media called the event ''O Verão Quente de 2015" ("The Hot Summer of 2015"). Under Jesus' tenure, Sporting have won the Portuguese Supercup against 2014–15 Primeira Liga champions Benfica (1–0).
Sporting, ever since its formation in 1906, have always had the green and white colours. The first kit in 1907 was all white until 1908, when they introduced the now referred by fans as "Classic" kit with vertical stripes. The modern horizontal stripes were introduced on a derby against Benfica in 1928.
Main article: Sporting CP Kits
Since its formation, on 1 July 1906, Sporting has had six crests, all of which have included the color green and the lion.
The current crest of Sporting was adopted in 2001. There were also the special anniversary crests to celebrate the 50th (1956) and 100th (2006) anniversaries of the club. These weren't actually worn in kits during matches, but were used as emblems by fans.
Sporting's main rivals are Benfica, with both teams contesting the Lisbon Derby (also known as The Eternal Derby). The rivalry started in 1907, when some players of Benfica left the club to join Sporting, looking for better conditions. The first derby of all time was contested on the same year, ending with a 2–1 victory for Sporting.
The most known victory of Sporting over Benfica occurred on 14 December 1986, where Sporting beat arch-rivals 7–1. Manuel Fernandes was particularly inspired, scoring four goals, with Mário Jorge (two goals), and Ralph Meade (one goal) also scoring for Sporting. At the time, Benfica were at the head of the league. However, after the loss, Benfica managed to become Portuguese champions.
Another notable derby was the one contested on the evening of 14 May 1994. In a rainy day, with the old José Alvalade Stadium crowded to the top, winning the derby was a decisive step for Sporting, as they were trying to regain the title, which by this time the team had not won for 12 years. Sporting were favorites with a squad composed by, among others, Luís Figo, Krasimir Balakov, Ivaylo Yordanov, Emílio Peixe, Stan Valckx and Paulo Sousa (who at the beginning of the season transferred from Benfica). As such, Benfica were seen as the underdogs, but defied the odds with a 3–6 victory, eventually securing the title some weeks later, leaving Sporting empty-handed, in one of the most dramatic seasons in the club's history.
The rivalry has become even more intense after a dramatic incident in the final of the 1996 Portuguese Cup, which Benfica won 3–1. After Benfica scored the first goal, a member of Benfica organised group No Name Boys lit a flare, which struck a Sporting fan in the chest, killing him instantly. On 8 February 2015, during a derby at Alvalade, a supporter's group of Sporting showed a banner, among others, with the inscription "Sigam o King" ("Follow the King"), in reference to Eusébio's death. On the next day, in a futsal derby, members of No Name Boys showed a banner saying "Very Light 96". In 2011, after a loss to Benfica at the Estádio da Luz (1–0), a group of irate Sporting supporters took their frustration out on the stadium by setting it on fire.
Sporting also has a rivalry with FC Porto.
Throughout its history, Sporting has had several grounds. The first one was inaugurated on 4 July 1907, and was called "Sítio das Mouras".
In 1956, the first Estádio de Alvalade was inaugurated. Sporting played their matches there until 2003, when the stadium was demolished.
The new stadium, Alvalade XXI, ("Estádio José Alvalade"), was built for the UEFA Euro 2004 championship. Designed by Tomás Taveira, it was inaugurated on 6 August 2003. The opening match was a 3–1 victory over Manchester United. This stadium was also the first one in Portugal classified by UEFA as a five-star stadium, enabling it to host finals of major UEFA events. This stadium has a capacity of 50,095 spectators.
Main article: Sporting C.P. Youth and Academy
- Primeira Liga: 18
- Portuguese Cup: 16
- 1922–23, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1937–38
- As of 1 February 2016
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
(Whilst playing for Sporting CP)
- Emmanuel Amuneke – 1994
- Islam Slimani – 2013
- Luís Figo – 1994
- Rui Jordão1 – 1980
- António Oliveira1 – 1981, 1982
- Jorge Cadete2 −1990
- Luís Figo1; 2 – 1995
- Alberto Acosta2 – 2000
- Mário Jardel1; 2 – 2002
Portuguese Top Goalscorer
- 1Shared award; 2Portuguese Record; 3European Golden Shoe
Player of the Year
The Player of the Year award is named after former player Francisco Stromp, and was instituted from 1992. The list below is a list of winners of the award.
For details on former coaches, see List of Sporting Clube de Portugal managers.
As of 24 October 2012.
- President: Bruno de Carvalho
- Vice-Presidents: Artur Torres Pereira, Carlos Vieira, Vicente Moura, Vítor Silva Ferreira, António Rebelo
- Vowel: Bruno Mascarenhas Garcia, Luís Roque, Rui Caeiro, Alexandre Henriques, José Quintela
- Substitutes: Rita Matos, Luís Gestas, Jorge Sanches, Luís Loureiro
- President: Jaime Marta Soares
- Vice-President: Rui Solheiro
- Secretaries: Miguel de Castro, Luís Pereira, Tiago Abade
- Substitutes: Diogo Orvalho, Manuel Mendes, Rui Fernandes
Fiscal and Disciplinary Council
- President: Jorge Bacelar Gouveia
- Vice-President: Nuno Marques
- Vowels: Óscar Figueiredo, Vicente Caldeira Pires, Vítor do Vale, Miguel Fernandes, Jorge Gaspar
- Substitutes: João Peixoto da Silva, Nuno dos Santos, Ricardo Cabral
Sporting – Sociedade Desportiva de Futebol, S.A.D.
- President: Bruno de Carvalho
- Chartered Accountants Society: KPMG & Associados, SROC, S.A.
- Society Secretaries: Patrícia Silva Lopes, Hugo Serra de Moura (Substitute)
- Shareholders' Committee: José Filipe de Mello, Castro Guedes
Leões de Portugal
- President: António Menezes Rodrigues
- Vice-Presidents: Maria Helena Dias Ferreira, Maria da Graça Nunes de Carvalho, Maria Isabel Monteiro Nobre
- Vowels: António Aguiar de Matos, Eduardo Amaro Júlio
- Treasurer: José Monteiro de Castro
- Substitute: Jorge Galrão Jorge, Mário Simões, Ana Rita Ferreira
Sporting Clube de Portugal has various sports departments.
|Sporting Clube de Portugal active sections|
|roller hockey||rowing||rugby union||shooting|
|skating||sport fishing||swimming||table tennis|
- Awards and Decorations-Sporting.pt Sporting Portugal 1906
- Sporting awarded the degree of Honorary Member of the Order of Prince Henry| url=http://www.centenariosporting.com/index.php?content=1301%7C publisher=Centenário Sporting
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- "Malcolm Allison (1927-2010), o treinador que gostava de viver para lá do futebol". www.publico.pt. Marco Vaza. 16 October 2010. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
- "1990/91: Matthäus makes the difference for Inter –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
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- "O pior Sporting de sempre". desporto.sapo.pt. Eduardo Santiago. 20 May 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Paços de Ferreira deixa Sporting a um ponto da zona de despromoção". www.publico.pt. Paulo Curado. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Godinho Lopes demite-se na terça-feira (Godinho Lopes resigns on Tuesday)". desporto.sapo.pt. 3 February 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Sporting 2013: Guerra e Paz". www.vavel.com. Bruno Gomes. 26 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Bruno de Carvalho é o novo presidente do Sporting (Bruno de Carvalho is the new president of Sporting)". www.publico.pt. Jorge Miguel Matias e Tiago Pimentel. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Bruno Carvalho confirmado presidente do Sporting". expresso.sapo.pt. Bruno Roseiro. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "«Vamos devolver a paz ao Sporting»". desporto.sapo.pt. João Paulo Godinho. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Bruno de Carvalho ameaça Godinho Lopes com tribunal". www.publico.pt. Nuno Ferreira Santos. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Interview: "O Sporting merecia outros candidatos e eu merecia outros adversários"". www.publico.pt. Paulo Curado. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Sporting vence Belenenses e garante segundo lugar e acesso direto à "Champions"". www.jn.pt. 23 December 2015. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
- "Sporting vence no Restelo e assegura entrada direta na "Champions"". www.tsf.pt. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Sporting win dramatic Taça de Portugal final on penalties". www.portugoal.net. 31 May 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
- "Sporting vence Taça de Portugal". pt.uefa.com. UEFA. 2015-05-31. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
- "Festa de Alvalade termina com invasão de campo". www.ojogo.pt. Jornal "O Jogo". 2015-05-31. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
- "Benfica to Sporting is just a six-minute drive but Jorge Jesus' journey is one of the most controversial moves in football". www.dailymail.co.uk. Joe Bernstein. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Os sete espinhos de Jesus". expresso.sapo.pt. Nicolau Santos. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "O bicampeão, o defeso da década e o renascer do Sporting". www.maisfutebol.iol.pt. João Tiago Figueiredo. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Escolha as figuras e os acontecimentos do ano (See: Jorge Jesus)". expresso.sapo.pt. 4 December 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Sporting vence Benfica (1-0) e conquista oitava Supertaça". www.jn.pt. Susana Silva. 9 August 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Sporting deu 7–1 ao Benfica há 25 anos". desporto.sapo.pt/. sapo.pt. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
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- "Benfica-Sporting: "Queiroz foi o responsável pelos 6–3"". relvado.aeiou.pt. Lusa. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
- "Sporting-Benfica, 3–6: Pesadelo em Alvalade com génio à solta". www.record.xl.pt. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
- "Gullit e very light incendiaram o último Sporting-Benfica". www.sabado.pt. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
- "Benfica: deselegância, catering e speaker justificam interdição de Alvalade" [Benfica: inelegance, catering and speaker justify interdition of Alvalade] (in Portuguese). Maisfutebol. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- "Bruno de Carvalho pede punição para o Benfica". www.dn.pt. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
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