Sports in Georgia (U.S. state)
Sports in Georgia include professional teams, Olympic Games contenders and medalists, collegiate teams in major and small-school conferences and associations, and active amateur teams and individual sports.
The Atlanta Braves are a Major League Baseball (MLB) team that moved to Atlanta in 1966 from Milwaukee where they were known as the Milwaukee Braves. The Braves have played their home games at Turner Field in Atlanta since 1997; prior to that they played at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. They won the World Series in 1914 (as the Boston Braves), 1957 (as the Milwaukee Braves), and 1996 (as the Atlanta Braves). Braves players in the Baseball Hall of Fame include Hank Aaron, Warren Spahn, Orlando Cepeda, Eddie Mathews, Phil Niekro, Gaylord Perry, Bruce Sutter and Hoyt Wilhelm.
The Rome Braves, previously known as the Macon are a Class-A minor league affiliate of the Atlanta Braves. In 2003, the team moved from Macon, Georgia to Rome, Georgia. Their home games are played at State Mutual Stadium, which opened April 11, 2003. The stadium seats 5,105 and features a lawn seating area known as "Applebee's Home Run Hill." Former Atlanta Braves alumni include Brian McCann, who was a Rome Brave in 2003. The team recently announced the 2006 manager will be Randy Ingle, as former manager Rocket Wheeler moves to the other Class-A farm team for the Atlanta Braves, the Myrtle Beach Pelicans.
The Atlanta Hawks are a National Basketball Association (NBA) team founded in 1949 and play their home games at Philips Arena in Atlanta. The Hawks have won one Championship, four Conference titles and fourteen Division titles. Notable current and former Hawks include Walt Bellamy, Cliff Hagan, Connie Hawkins, Bob Houbregs, Moses Malone, Pete Maravich, Ed Macauley, Bob Pettit, Lenny Wilkens and Dominique Wilkins.
The American Basketball Association and the World Basketball Association are also represented in Georgia. In the case of the former, Georgia has three teams: the Atlanta Vision, the Rome Legions, and the Georgia Gwizzlies. The latter association teams are the Georgia Warriors, the Marietta Storm and the Rome Gladiators.
Atlanta has been granted an expansion team by the Women's National Basketball Association. The team is named the Atlanta Dream. They play their home games at Philips Arena. The colors are white, sky blue, red.
The Atlanta Falcons are a National Football League (NFL) team founded as an expansion team in 1966. They have played their home games at the Georgia Dome in Atlanta since 1992; prior to playing at the Georgia Dome they played at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium from 1966-1991. The Falcons have won five Division Championships in 1980, 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2012 and one Conference Championship in 1998. Notable current and former players include Eric Dickerson, Tommy McDonald, William Andrews, Jeff Van Note, Jessie Tuggle, Mike Kenn, Marion Campbell, Dan Reeves, Greg Brezina, Ray Buchanan, Buddy Curry, T.J. Duckett, Bill Fralic, Wallace Francis and the Bill Goldberg.
Georgia is also home to several arena football teams. The Georgia Force, founded in 2002, is an Arena Football League (AFL) team based out of Duluth, Georgia. Two teams were founded in 2006. They are the Atlanta Thoroughbreds, a National Indoor Football League(NIFL) team and the Augusta Colts, an American Indoor Football League team (except for the 2007 season when they were part of the World Indoor Football League (WIFL)). The last Georgia team to be founded was the Columbus Lions in 2007. The Lions were founded as a WIFL team, but have since joined the American Indoor Football Association(AIFA).
Hockey's history in Georgia goes back to the 1970s with the Atlanta Flames, who played in the state until 1980 when they were relocated to Calgary. It was not until October 2, 1999 that hockey formally returned with the Atlanta Thrashers' first game against New Jersey. On May 31, 2011 the Thrashers were sold to True North Sports and Entertainment. It was announced the team would move to the MTS Centre in Winnipeg, bringing hockey back to the city after the Jets departed in 1996. They played their home games at the Philips Arena in Atlanta. The Thrashers did not appear in the Stanley Cup Finals. They only won one division title during the 2006-07 NHL season and were swept in the first round by the New York Rangers.
Currently, the ECHL has only one operating team in Georgia. The Gwinnett Gladiators play all of their homes games at The Arena at Gwinnett Center in Duluth. The team, formerly the Mobile Mysticks, moved to Gwinnett County and officially started play in 2003. The Augusta Lynx first formed in 1998, but due to financial concerns were forced to cease operations halfway through the 2008 season. The Lynx played their home games at James Brown Arena.
The Columbus Cottonmouths is currently the only team in Georgia that is part of the Southern Professional Hockey League. The team was founded in 1996. In 2015, the Cottonmouths are expected to be joined by the Macon Mayhem. The Mayhem, then the Augusta RiverHawks, suspended operations for the 2013-2014 season because of a failure of their home arena's ice system.
Augusta FireBall United, also known as Augusta FireBall, were an American soccer team that was founded in 2005. The team was a member of the United Soccer Leagues Premier Development League (PDL), the fourth tier of the American Soccer Pyramid, until 2006, when the team left the league and the franchise was terminated. They played their home games at Patriots Park in Augusta, Georgia.
The Atlanta Beat was an American professional soccer club based in Atlanta, Georgia. The team joined Women's Professional Soccer as an expansion team in 2010, and played its home games at Kennesaw State University Soccer Stadium, the result of a public-private partnership between the team and Kennesaw State University. The club succeeded the former Atlanta Beat of the defunct Women's United Soccer Association.
The Masters Tournament, played in Augusta, Georgia at Augusta National Golf Club in April is one of four major golf tournaments played in the United States. The tournament was created in 1931 by Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts, a financier from New York. The course was designed by golf course architect Alister MacKenzie. Notable golfers from Georgia include Atlantan Bobby Jones, noted as the greatest amateur golfer ever, Davis Love III of Sea Island and Tommy Aaron of Gainesville, Georgia.
Table of professional teams
Georgia is home to approximately twenty-two race tracks and drag strips. Some of the twenty-two tracks in Georgia are the Atlanta Motor Speedway, Road Atlanta (where the Petit Le Mans is held), Atlanta Dragway, Dixie Speedway and Roebling Road Raceway. One of the most famous racers to come from Georgia is Bill Elliott.
Many observers consider Dawsonville one of the birthplaces of NASCAR because so many individuals involved in the sport were from that city. Notable racers from Dawsonville include, Bill Elliott, Roy Hall and Lloyd Seay. Since 1951 Georgia tracks have hosted two to eight races in NASCAR's elite division. Dawsonville is home to the Georgia Racing Hall of Fame.
There are seven Division I institutions recognized by the NCAA, They are:
- Georgia Southern University
- Georgia State University
- Georgia Institute of Technology
- Kennesaw State University
- Mercer University
- Savannah State University
- University of Georgia
Valdosta State University's Blazers compete in NCAA Division II as members of the Gulf South Conference. The Blazers have won five total national collegiate championships, two in football in 2004 and 2007, one in baseball in 1979, one in tennis in 2006, and one in Softball in 2012. There are thirteen other Division II institutions besides the University of Valdosta. They are:
- Albany State University
- Armstrong Atlantic State University
- Augusta State University
- Clark Atlanta University
- Clayton State University
- Columbus State University
- Fort Valley State University
- Georgia College and State University
- Georgia Southwestern State University
- Morehouse College
- North Georgia College and State University
- Paine College
- University of West Georgia
LaGrange College is in the NCAA Division III with 14 sports, and competes as a member of the Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference. The school's most successful athletic program is its men's golf team, which is perennially among the nation's best.
Georgia has seven other institutions in Division III. They are:
- Agnes Scott College
- Emory University
- LaGrange College
- Oglethorpe University
- Piedmont College
- Spelman College
- Wesleyan College
1996 Summer Olympics
Atlanta was the site of the 1996 Summer Olympics and the 1996 Summer Paralympics. The Olympics were held from July 19 until August 4, 1996. It was during this time, on July 27, 1996, that a bombing took place in Centennial Park killing two and injuring 111 people. The Paralympics were held from August 15 to August 29, 2006.
Olympians from Georgia
Several people from Georgia, or from Georgia schools, have received gold medals at the Olympics over the years. Some of those gold medalists are:
- Brent B. Abernathy
- Alice Marie Coachman
- Teresa Edwards
- Debbie Ferguson
- Vern Fleming
- Katrina McClain
- Courtney Shealy
- Sheila Taormina
- Forrest Towns
- Braves Time line, Accessed December 31, 2007
- "Savannah Sand Gnats". Retrieved 2008-11-21.
- Hawks History, Accessed December 31, 2007
- Atlanta Vision, Accessed December 31, 2007
- Roman Legions, Accessed December 31, 2007
- , Accessed December 31, 2007
- WBA Team History, Accessed December 31, 2007
- Report: WNBA awards Atlanta franchise for '08 season, Accessed December 31, 2007
- Historical Moments, Accessed December 31, 2007
- Georgia Force Football, Accessed January, 2008
- The Official Website of the Columbus Lions, Accessed January 1, 2008
- Atlanta Xplosion, Accessed January 1, 2008
- History, Accessed December 31, 2007
- Columbus Cottonmouths Official Website, Accessed January 1, 2008
- Atlanta Silverbacks Official Site, Accessed January 1, 2008
- Masters Tournament, Accessed January 2, 2008
- Bobby Jones, Accessed January 2, 2008
- Davis Love III, Accessed January 2, 2008
- Tommy Aaron, Accessed January 2, 2008
- Race Tracks in Georgia, Accessed January 1, 2008
- Bill Elliott, Accessed January 1, 2008
- NASCAR, Accessed January 2, 2008
- Valdosta Blazers Official Website, Accessed January 4, 2008
- Olympic Games in 1996, Accessed January 5, 2008
- Centennial Olympic Park Bombing - Atlanta, Georgia, Accessed January 5, 2008
- Georgia Olympians, Accessed January 5, 2008[dead link]
- Olympians from GA, Accessed January 5, 2008