Sports in San Diego
Sports in San Diego includes one major professional sports team, several teams from other top-level professional leagues, minor league teams, semi-pro and amateur teams, and college athletics teams, in addition to other sporting events. The most popular sports team in San Diego is the San Diego Padres of Major League Baseball (MLB). Also very popular locally are the college teams of the San Diego State Aztecs, which play in NCAA Division I.
San Diego previously hosted the National Football League (NFL)'s San Diego Chargers (now the Los Angeles Chargers) from 1961 to 2017. The city does not currently have a major professional team in American football, though it does have a team at the highest level of indoor football, the San Diego Strike Force of the Indoor Football League (IFL). The city also previously hosted three professional basketball teams (all between 1967 and 1984), although all three were limited to short stints of existence due to ownership issues and arena complications: the National Basketball Association (NBA)'s San Diego Rockets from 1967 to 1971 (now the Houston Rockets) and San Diego Clippers from 1978 to 1984 (now the Los Angeles Clippers), in addition to the now-defunct American Basketball Association (ABA)'s San Diego Conquistadors/Sails from 1972 to 1975. No professional basketball teams currently play in San Diego. San Diego has never had a National Hockey League (NHL) franchise, but has hosted multiple minor league teams, including the current American Hockey League (AHL) franchise, the San Diego Gulls. San Diego likewise has never hosted a Major League Soccer (MLS) franchise, but is home to the minor league USL Championship (USLC)'s San Diego Loyal SC and the National Independent Soccer Association (NISA)'s San Diego 1904 FC, as well as Major Arena Soccer League (MASL)'s San Diego Sockers. A San Diego team representing the city at the highest level of women's professional soccer in the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) is planned to begin play in 2022.
The city is also the current home to Major League Rugby (MLR)'s San Diego Legion, the National Lacrosse League (NLL)'s San Diego Seals, and World TeamTennis (WTT)'s San Diego Aviators among top-level professional leagues.
San Diego is the largest United States city to have not won a Super Bowl, World Series, Stanley Cup, or NBA Finals; however, the city does have one major league title to its name, the 1963 American Football League (AFL) Championship won by the Chargers. Some fans believe that there is a curse on major professional teams in the city. San Diego teams at the top professional levels of non-"major" sports have conversely seen more success. San Diego teams have claimed titles in sports such as indoor soccer, team tennis, sailing, and Australian football. The Sockers, for example, have won 15 titles at the highest level of indoor soccer.
Major professional team
|San Diego Padres||Baseball||1969||Major League Baseball (MLB)||Petco Park (40,209)|
Other highest-level professional teams
|San Diego Seals||Lacrosse||2017||National Lacrosse League (NLL)||Pechanga Arena (12,920)|
|San Diego Sockers||Indoor soccer||1978[a]||Major Arena Soccer League (MASL)||Pechanga Arena (12,000)||15[b]|
|San Diego Legion||Rugby union||2018||Major League Rugby (MLR)||Torero Stadium (6,000)|
|San Diego Strike Force||Indoor football||2019||Indoor Football League (IFL)||Pechanga Arena (12,000)|
|San Diego Aviators||Tennis||2014||World TeamTennis (WTT)||Omni La Costa Resort and Spa (2,100)||1 (2016)[c][d]|
|San Diego Yacht Club||Sailing||1886||America's Cup||San Diego Bay||3 (1987, 1988, 1992)|
|San Diego Growlers||Ultimate disc||2015||American Ultimate Disc League (AUDL)||Balboa Stadium (3,000)|
|San Diego Lions||Australian football||1997||United States Australian Football League (USAFL)||-||2 (2001, 2006)|
|San Diego Swell||Rugby league||2022||North American Rugby League (NARL)||-|
|San Diego NWSL team||Soccer||2022||National Women's Soccer League (NWSL)||Torero Stadium (6,000)|
- re-founded in 2009 after period of dormancy
- Sockers franchise includes titles won by its previous iteration, San Diego Sockers (1978–1996), in preceding leagues. The franchise's titles by league are as follows:
MASL: 5 (2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2021)
MISL: 8 (1983, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992)
NASL Indoor: 2 (1982, 1984)
- Does not include 2 titles (2005 & 2008) won by the franchise before relocating from New York City to San Diego
- The city's previous WTT franchise, the San Diego Buds, additionally won 2 titles (1984 & 1985)
Minor league professional teams
|San Diego Gulls||Ice hockey||2015||American Hockey League (AHL)||Pechanga Arena (12,920)||2|
|San Diego Loyal SC||Soccer||2020||USL Championship (USLC)||Torero Stadium (8,000)||2|
|San Diego 1904 FC||Soccer||2019||National Independent Soccer Association (NISA)||Chula Vista Elite Athlete Training Center (N/A)||3|
The San Diego State Aztecs (MW), the San Diego Toreros (WCC), and the UC San Diego Tritons (BWC) are NCAA Division I teams. The Cal State San Marcos Cougars (CCAA) and Point Loma Nazarene Sea Lions (PacWest) are members of NCAA Division II, while the San Diego Christian Hawks (GSAC) and Saint Katherine Firebirds (CalPac) are a member of the NAIA.
Semi-pro and amateur teams
|Old Mission Beach A.C.||Rugby||1966||Pacific Rugby Premiership||N/A|
|ASC San Diego||Soccer||2015||National Premier Soccer League||Mission Bay Stadium|
|San Diego Zest FC||Soccer||2016||USL League Two||N/A|
|San Diego Internacional FC||Soccer||2019||United Premier Soccer League||Mission Bay Stadium|
|San Diego SeaLions||Soccer||1988||Women's Premier Soccer League||Manchester Stadium|
|San Diego Sockers Premier||Indoor soccer||2009||Premier Arena Soccer League||Pechanga Arena|
|San Diego Sabers||Ice hockey||2001||United States Premier Hockey League||Iceoplex Escondido|
|San Diego Surf||Basketball||2009||American Basketball Association||HourGlass Arena|
The annual Farmers Insurance Open golf tournament (formerly the Buick Invitational Tournament) on the PGA Tour occurs annually at the municipally-owned Torrey Pines Golf Course. This course was also the site of the 2008 U.S. Open Golf Championship.
There have been two international track and field competitions at the Olympic Training Center in Chula Vista called the Thorpe Cup, which is an annual decathlon and heptathlon meeting between the United States and Germany.
San Diego is home to several premier amateur sports events, such as the San Diego Crew Classic, held in Mission Bay every spring and featuring 100 or more college and amateur crews. The amateur beach sport Over-the-line was invented in San Diego, and the annual world Over-the-line championships are held at Mission Bay every year. The San Diego Yacht Club hosted the America's Cup yacht races three times during the period 1988 to 1995.
|July 11, 1978||1978 (49th)||National League (NL)||7||American League (AL)||3||51,549||San Diego Padres|
|July 14, 1992||1992 (63rd)||American League (AL)||13||National League (NL)||6||59,372||San Diego Padres|
|July 12, 2016||2016 (87th)||American League (AL)||4||National League (NL)||2||42,386||San Diego Padres|
|Date||Super Bowl||NFC Champion||Points||AFC Champion||Points||Attendance||Host|
|January 31, 1988||XXII||Washington Redskins||42||Denver Broncos||10||73,302||San Diego Chargers|
|January 25, 1998||XXXII||Green Bay Packers||24||Denver Broncos||31||68,912||San Diego Chargers|
|January 26, 2003||XXXVII||Tampa Bay Buccaneers||48||Oakland Raiders||21||67,603||San Diego Chargers|
|January 12, 1971||1971 (21st)||Western Conference||108||Eastern Conference||107||14,378||San Diego Rockets|
Major League Baseball's San Diego Padres play in Petco Park. The semi-final and final games of the inaugural World Baseball Classic were played there in 2006, and an earlier round of the second WBC was held there in 2009. Hosted the MLB All-Star Game in 2016 which was the last All Star game to determine home field advantage in the World Series.
The San Diego Chargers were a professional American football team based in San Diego. The Chargers competed in the National Football League (NFL). The club began play in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League (AFL), and spent its first season in Los Angeles before moving to San Diego in 1961. The Chargers joined the NFL as result of the AFL–NFL merger in 1970, and played their home games at the venue now known as SDCCU Stadium.
On January 12, 2016, the Chargers were given a one-year option to join the Rams in the Los Angeles area. Team chairman and CEO Dean Spanos announced on January 29, 2016, that the Chargers would remain in San Diego for the 2016 season. In 2017 the Chargers moved back to their original city of Los Angeles, leaving San Diego without a professional football team for the first time since 1961.
On May 29, 2018, the Alliance of American Football (AAF) announced they would start a franchise in San Diego, the San Diego Fleet. The team played their home games at SDCCU Stadium, while San Diego native and former St. Louis Rams head coach Mike Martz was the head coach. The league suspended operations before it could complete its inaugural season.
San Diego has had two NBA franchises, the San Diego Rockets and the San Diego Clippers. The Rockets represented the city of San Diego from 1967 until 1971. After the conclusion of the 1970–1971 season, they were bought and moved to Texas where they became the Houston Rockets. Seven years later, a relocated NBA franchise (the Buffalo Braves) moved to town and was renamed the San Diego Clippers. The Clippers played in the San Diego Sports Arena from 1978 until 1984. Prior to the start of the 1984–1985 season, the team was controversially moved to Los Angeles, and is now called the Los Angeles Clippers.
San Diego has a long history of minor league ice hockey teams, starting with the San Diego Skyhawks that played in the Pacific Coast Hockey League from 1948 to 1950. Hockey returned in 1966 with the San Diego Gulls of the Western Hockey League, which were created by Robert Breitbard to have a tenant for his upcoming arena – now known as the Valley View Casino Center. The Gulls soon grew a fanbase in San Diego, with averages of over 9,000 spectators. By 1971, the year Breitbard's National Basketball Association franchise relocated to Texas to become the Houston Rockets, the Gulls had attendances bigger than both the Rockets and the Californian National Hockey League teams, the Los Angeles Kings and Oakland Seals. The Gulls ceased operations in 1974 to give way for the relocated San Diego Mariners of the World Hockey Association, which folded in 1977. Another Mariners team was one of the charter teams of the short-lived Pacific Hockey League that same year, being renamed Hawks in the following and last PHL season. The arena remained without hockey until 1990, when another San Diego Gulls team was founded in the International Hockey League (1990–95). After the IHL team moved to Los Angeles, another Gulls team played for over a decade in both the West Coast Hockey League (1995–03) and ECHL (2003–06). The current San Diego Gulls, of the American Hockey League, started playing in 2015, and are owned by the NHL's Anaheim Ducks.
The original North American Soccer League was awarded an expansion franchise known as the San Diego Sockers. The original Sockers indoor franchise also played in the NASL indoor league, Major Indoor Soccer League, Continental Indoor Soccer League, World Indoor Soccer League and second Major Indoor Soccer League. The current Sockers play in the indoor Major Arena Soccer League.
With the expansion of the minor professional league National Premier Soccer League, the San Diego Flash saw the addition of the North County Battalion and Albion SC Pros. The San Diego SeaLions play in the Women's Premier Soccer League, and the San Diego Zest play in the USL Premier Development League with the SoCal Surf. San Diego Internacional FC began playing in the UPSL in 2019.
Major League Soccer commissioner Don Garber mentioned San Diego as an expansion candidate in February 2014. Garber reiterated in April 2016 that San Diego is one of the expansion candidates. The owners interested in bringing MLS to San Diego include MLB San Diego Padres owner Peter Seidler. An MLS team in San Diego would be located close to two MLS teams in Los Angeles, as well as the Liga MX side Xolos of Tijuana.
The NFL's Chargers 2017 relocation to Los Angeles has accelerated the chances for an MLS expansion team in San Diego. On February 20, 2017, a new plan for the Qualcomm Stadium site in Mission Valley was unveiled by a La Jolla investment group that's trying to lure a MLS team to San Diego. On 3 March 2017, former LA Galaxy forward Landon Donovan joined the ownership group trying to bring the next MLS expansion team to San Diego.
On June 25, 2017, it was announced that a San Diego 1904 FC franchise would join the second tier of the American soccer pyramid North American Soccer League in 2018. The club's founders include professional soccer players Demba Ba, Eden Hazard, Yohan Cabaye and Moussa Sow. The club intends to build a soccer complex somewhere in San Diego's North County and will play its games at the University of San Diego in the meantime. Due to the cancellation of the 2018 NASL season, the expansion team announced it is negotiating an agreement to join the United Soccer League in 2019.
On August 30, 2017, the National Lacrosse League awarded an expansion franchise to the city of San Diego and owner Joseph Tsai. On October 24, the NLL and San Diego owners unveiled the San Diego Seals identity. Also revealed were the colors, purple, gold, gray, and black, and the team logo. The team began play in December 2018 at Pechanga Arena and earned the second overall playoff seed in the West Division after a successful 10-8 regular season. Home game attendance during the season averaged 7,769 fans per contest.
Rugby union is a developing sport in San Diego. A diversity of clubs, ranging from men's and women's clubs to collegiate and high school, are part of the Southern California Rugby Football Union. The United States national rugby sevens team train at the United States Olympic Training Center in Chula Vista, San Diego. Additionally, the USA Sevens, an event in the annual World Rugby Sevens Series for international teams in rugby sevens, was held in Petco Park from 2007 through 2009 before moving to Las Vegas for 2010 and back to Los Angeles more recently.
The following is a list of rugby teams in San Diego;
The San Diego Aviators of World TeamTennis (WTT) moved to San Diego from New York prior to the start of the 2014 season. They were formerly known as the New York Sportimes. They played their 2014 home matches at Valley View Casino Center. In 2015, they moved to Omni La Costa Resort and Spa in Carlsbad. In their first three seasons in San Diego, they finished with the league's top regular-season record twice (2014 and 2016), and won the King Trophy as 2016 WTT champions.
San Diego has had two previous WTT franchises. The San Diego Friars were a WTT expansion franchise that began play in 1975. They used the San Diego Sports Arena (now Valley View Casino Center) as their primary home venue but played some home matches at the Anaheim Convention Center between 1975 and 1977, before Anaheim got its own team in 1978. After missing the playoffs their first two seasons, the Friars qualified in 1977 and 1978, and were the 1978 Western Division champions, but lost in the quarterfinals. The team folded after the 1978 season. International Tennis Hall of Famers Rod Laver and Dennis Ralston played for the Friars.
In 1981, the Friars returned as an expansion franchise as WTT resumed operations rebranded as TeamTennis after a hiatus. After three seasons as the Friars, the team was renamed the San Diego Buds before the 1984 season. The Buds won both the 1984 and 1985 TeamTennis championships but folded following the 1985 season. Hall of Famer Rosie Casals was the Friars player-coach in 1983.
The annual Farmers Insurance Open golf tournament (formerly the Buick Invitational) on the PGA Tour occurs at Torrey Pines Golf Course, which has hosted the tournament since 1952 when it was founded as the San Diego open. This course was also the site of the 2008 U.S. Open Golf Championship.
The San Diego region is home to 72 golf courses in total.
San Diego has several sports venues. Petco Park is home to the San Diego Padres of Major League Baseball. Aztec Stadium, currently under construction, will be home to the NCAA Division I San Diego State Aztecs, as well as local high school football championships and the Holiday Bowl, which currently features teams from the Pac-12 and Big Ten. Pechanga Arena is home to the San Diego Gulls of the American Hockey League, the San Diego Seals of the National Lacrosse League, San Diego Strike Force of the Indoor Football League and the San Diego Sockers of the Major Arena Soccer League.
From 1967 until 2017, the National Football League's San Diego Chargers played at Qualcomm Stadium, which also housed the Aztecs, as well as local high school football championships. International soccer games and Supercross events also took place at Qualcomm where Major League Baseball was also once played. Three NFL Super Bowl championships were held there. From along with the Holiday Bowl. from 2005 through 2016, the stadium hosted a second bowl game, the Poinsettia Bowl, but the organizer of both bowl games scrapped that game after its 2016 edition. The stadium was demolished in 2021.
Note: Major league teams are in bold.
- San Diego#Sports
- San Diego Hall of Champions
- San Diego sports curse
- Breitbard Hall of Fame
- Sports in California
- "Are San Diego Sports Teams Cursed?". San Diego 6. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "America's Finest City Half Marathon website". Afchalf.com. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "La Jolla Half Marathon website".
- "Triathlon website". Kozenterprises.com. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "History". San Diego Chargers. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- Hanzus, Dan (January 12, 2016). "Rams to relocate to L.A.; Chargers first option to join". NFL.com. National Football League. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- Wesseling, Chris (January 29, 2016). "Chargers announce they will stay in San Diego for 2016". National Football League. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
- Schrotenboer, Brent (January 12, 2017). "What we know about Chargers' move to Los Angeles". USA Today. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Alliance football league adds San Diego team". ESPN.com. May 29, 2018.
- "San Diego Gulls – History".
- Mulvoy, Mark. "A not so silent minority". Sports Illustrated Vault | SI.com.
- "Divisions | United Premier Soccer League". www.upsl.com.
- "San Diego Padres owner among those interested in MLS franchise", ESPN FC, June 24, 2016.
- "Talking Points: Which cities will Major League Soccer expand to next?", ESPN FC, April 28, 2016.
- Creditor, Avi. "How does the Chargers move to LA impact MLS?". Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- "MLS commissioner Don Garber sees expansion opportunity in San Diego". Major League Soccer. 14 January 2017.
- "MLS chief Don Garber still hopeful on St. Louis, San Diego, Miami expansion". Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- "San Diego investment group unveils new Qualcomm stadium proposal". CBS. February 20, 2017.
- "Landon Donovan joins ownership group trying to bring MLS expansion team to San Diego. | FOX Sports". FOX Sports. March 3, 2017.
- "The Founders of San Diego NASL". San Diego NASL. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- NASL (June 26, 2017). "NASL announces expansion club in San Diego for 2018 season". NASL press release. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- De Crescenzo, Sarah (June 26, 2017). "North American Soccer League Coming to S.D". San Diego Business Journal. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "1904 FC Ownership Group Issues Official Statement on Tuesday". 1904 FC. February 27, 2018.
- Straus, Brian. "Landon Donovan, Warren Smith bring USL to San Diego". Sports Illustrated.
- "Women's pro soccer coming to San Diego in 2022". San Diego Union-Tribune. 2021-06-08. Retrieved 2021-06-08.
- "Southern California Rugby Football Union". Scrfu.org. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- O'Brien, James (2021-06-07). "North American Rugby League launch date pushed back". HullLive. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- "OMBAC Rugby Home". Ombac.org. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "Guide to San Diego Golf". www.sandiego.org. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
- "San Diego Golf Courses - Complete List". www.sandiego.org. Retrieved 2021-06-10.