Sports sedan

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Lotus Carlton

A sports sedan (also known as sports saloon in British English)[1][2] is a subjective term for a sedan car that is designed to have sporting performance or handling characteristics.[3]

History[edit]

1964 Renault R8 Gordini sports sedan

The term was originally introduced in the 1930s and early examples include the Sports Saloon versions of the Rover 14[4][5] and Rover 16.[6][7]

From the 1960s, the term sports sedan was increasingly applied by manufacturers to special versions of their vehicles that allowed them to enter production cars in motor races. These cars contained modifications not normally permitted by the regulations which therefore required cars to be homologated typically by selling them in minimum numbers to the public. Some of the earlier examples were the Alfa Romeo 1900,[8] Renault R8 Gordini,[9] Triumph Dolomite,[10] and Lotus Cortina.[10][11]

In the twentieth century, sports sedans used a manual transmission and rear-wheel drive. However as other transmission types and drivetrain layouts have become more widespread for sedans in general, these have also been used by sports sedans.

North American usage[edit]

2016 Cadillac CTS-V

The term "sport sedan" was initially used in North America for luxury import sedans (i.e. BMW, Audi, and Mercedes-Benz). These cars gave higher priority to handling than the domestic luxury sedans (i.e. Cadillac and Lincoln), which were more focused on comfort. However, since the 2000s, the domestic brands have begun producing sports sedan models such as the Cadillac CTS and Lincoln LS.[12][13][14]

Another term sometimes used is to describe sports sedans in the US is muscle car, but that normally relates to V8-powered two-door coupe American cars.[15]

Examples[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "saloon (noun)". Oxford Learner's Dictionaries. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  2. ^ "saloon". Cambridge Dictionary. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  3. ^ "Best sport sedans in America". Autoblog. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2021. . 'Sport sedan' doesn't have a strict dictionary definition, but we have assembled here our favorite cars with four proper doors and a trunk, not a hatchback.
  4. ^ "Rover Speed 14". classicandsportscar.com. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  5. ^ "1936 Rover 14 Sports Saloon P2 - Superb, Restored cond. For Sale". carandclassic.co.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  6. ^ "1947 Rover Sixteen Sports Saloon". bonhams.com. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  7. ^ "1938 Rover P2 16 Sports Saloon". classicandsportscar.ltd.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  8. ^ "1954 Alfa Romeo 1900 Super Sprint". Sports Car Market. 1 November 2003. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  9. ^ Heseltine, Richard (September 2008). "Renault R8 Gordini". Motor Sport Magazine: 122–126. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  10. ^ a b Kitman, Jamie Lincoln (31 March 2011). "The 20 Best Sports Sedans of All Time". GQ. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  11. ^ McCourt, Mark J. (May 2016). "1966 Ford Lotus-Cortina Mk I - Before BMW's 2002 popularized the genre, Ford imported the original sports sedan". Hemmings Motor News. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  12. ^ "2004 Lincoln LS review". autoblog.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  13. ^ "2017 Cadillac CTS V-Sport: Continuously Chasing The World's Best Sport Sedans". forbes.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  14. ^ "2018 Cadillac CTS". caranddriver.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  15. ^ Mueller, Mike (1997). Motor City muscle. Motorbooks International. p. 13. ISBN 9780760301968.
  16. ^ Grasso, Marc D. (9 November 2020). "A movable feast: Alfa Romeo's Giulia sport sedan". Boston Herald. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  17. ^ Evans, Scott (5 June 2020). "2020 Alfa Romeo Giulia Q4 Ti Sport AWD First Test Review: Yep, Even Better". Motor Trend. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  18. ^ Wong, James (December 2020). "2021 Alfa Romeo Giulia Sport review". Australia: CarExpert. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  19. ^ a b "Battle of the super-saloons: BMW M5 vs. Vauxhall VXR8". Autocar. 25 April 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  20. ^ Gall, Jared (27 April 2015). "2014 Cadillac CTS Vsport". Car and Driver. Retrieved 18 May 2021. is a sports sedan of singular focus
  21. ^ Hogan, Mack (12 May 2019). "Review: Cadillac's $100,000 2019 CTS-V sports sedan gives BMW, Mercedes a run for their money". CNBC. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  22. ^ Kreindler, Derek (22 December 2014). "Capsule Comparison: 2015 Dodge Charger SRT 392 Vs. 2014 Chevrolet SS". The Truth About Cars. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  23. ^ Capparella, Joey (14 October 2019). "2019 Dodge Charger R/T Scat Pack vs. 2019 Kia Stinger GT: Which Sports Sedan Packs a Bigger Punch?". Car and Driver. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  24. ^ Veron, Max (5 December 2020). "Here Are The 10 Best Sports Sedans Of 2020". HotCars. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  25. ^ a b "Mercedes S63 AMG vs Jaguar XJR: super-saloon battle". Auto Express. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  26. ^ http://www.autocar.co.uk/car-categories/super-saloons
  27. ^ "The Super-Saloon". City AM. April 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  28. ^ Autoexpress April 2003 "Of all the cars transformed by Rover's engineers, this motor is perhaps the most remarkable, as it turned the originally rather dowdy 45 into a fire-breathing super saloon" http://www.autoexpress.co.uk/car-reviews/36794/mg-rover-45
  29. ^ Fleet news Sept 2003 "Ford V8 power for MG's new 260 super saloon http://www.fleetnews.co.uk/news/2003/9/25/ford-v8-power-for-mg-s-new-zt-260-super-saloon/14960/
  30. ^ Autoexpress "GM gave the engineers at Hethel a Carlton GSi 3000 and asked them to transform it into a fire-breathing super saloon - which they did. The result was the legendary Lotus Carlton, the first four-door to crack the 170mph" http://www.autoexpress.co.uk/vauxhall/vectra/15524/vauxhall-vectra

External links[edit]

Media related to Sports sedans at Wikimedia Commons