Sports tourism

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Sports tourism, or more correctly, Sport Tourism refers to travel which involves either observing or participating in a sporting event[1] staying apart from their usual environment. Sport tourism is a fast-growing sector of the global travel industry and equates to $600 billion a year.

Classification of sport tourism[edit]

There are several classifications on sport tourism. Gammon and Robinson suggested that the sports tourism are defined as Hard Sports Tourism and Soft Sports Tourism,[2] while Gibson suggested that there are three types of sports tourism included Sports Event Tourism, Celebrity and Nostalgia Sport Tourism and Active Sport Tourism.[3]

Hard and soft sport tourism[edit]

The "hard" definition of sport tourism refers to the quantity of people participating at a competitive sport events. Normally these kinds of events are the motivation that attract visitors visits the events. Olympic Games, FIFA World Cup, F1 Grand Prix and regional events such as NASCAR Sprint Cup Series could be described as hard sports tourism.

The "soft" definition of sports tourism is when the tourist travels to participate in recreational sporting, or signing up for leisure interests. Hiking, Skiing and Canoeing can be described as soft sports tourism. Perhaps the most common form of soft sports tourism involves Golf to destinations in Europe and the United States. A large number of people are interested in playing some of the world's greatest and highest ranked courses, and take great pride in checking those destinations off of their list of places to visit.

Sport events tourism[edit]

Sport event tourism refers to the visitors who visit a city to watch events.[4] An example of this would be during the Olympics. Each Olympic host city receives an immense amount of tourism.[5]

As a means of boosting sports event tourism businesses have propped up providing discount access to ticket and hotel packages. This occurred in response to a large number of travelers interested in following the teams they support to a wide variety of games and matches around the world. Some of the most popular events to attend include games and matches within Major League Baseball; Premier League Football; and National Football League ("NFL") Football, as well as special events like the FIFA World Cup matches, Olympic Games and the NFL Super Bowl.

Celebrity and nostalgia sport tourism[edit]

Celebrity and nostalgia sport tourism involves visits to the sports halls of fame and venue and meeting sports personalities in a vacation basis.[4]

Active sport tourism[edit]

Active sport tourism refers to those who participate in the sports or events.[4]


  1. ^ Commonwealth of Australia (2000). "Towards A National Sports Tourism Strategy" (PDF). Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  2. ^ Gammon, Sean; Robinson, Tom (2003). "Sport and Tourism: A Conceptual Framework". Journal of Sport Tourism 8 (1): 21–26. 
  3. ^ Gibson, Heather J. (1 April 1998). "Active Sport Tourism: Who Participates?". Leisure Studies 17 (2): 155–170. Retrieved 2015-01-08. (subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ a b c Weiler, Betty; Hall, Colin Michael, eds. (1992). Adventure, Sport and Health Tourism. Special Interest Tourism (London: John Wiley & Sons Ltd). pp. 141–58. ISBN 978-0471947868. Retrieved 2015-01-08. (subscription required (help)). 
  5. ^ Klein, Seth (16 February 2010). "Will the Olympics boost long-term tourism to B.C.?". Rabble Blogs. Retrieved 2015-01-07. 

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