Sportsvue

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Sportsvue
LaunchedApril 3, 1984 (1984-04-03)
ClosedFebruary 2, 1985 (1985-02-02)
Owned byMilwaukee Bucks, Milwaukee Brewers
CountryUnited States
LanguageAmerican English
Broadcast areaWisconsin

Sportsvue was a regional sports network operating in Wisconsin. The premium cable channel showed telecasts of sporting events, principally those involving the Milwaukee Brewers and Milwaukee Bucks. Sportsvue operated from April 3, 1984 to February 2, 1985, closing in the middle of the Bucks season due to the losses incurred in its brief period of operation and inability to attract a sufficient subscriber base. Within days of Sportsvue's closure, the Bucks were put up for sale.

History[edit]

Pre-launch[edit]

In 1981, the Bucks and Brewers announced plans to launch a cable sports channel known as the Wisconsin All-Sports Network as a complement to the games carried by broadcast TV stations; the network would also carry collegiate sports events and would have launched as soon as 1983.[1] Plans for WASN were rolled into a larger and more ambitious effort of Group W Satellite Communications, known as "The Sports Network", in 1983. TSN (no relation to the Canadian network of the same name that launched in 1984) was to incorporate WASN, as well as Pro-Am Sports System in Detroit, Sportsvision in Chicago, Sonics Superchannel in the Pacific Northwest, and a new channel in the mid-Atlantic region (which Group W wound up launching as Home Team Sports in the spring of 1984[2]).[3] However, in October, Group W dropped its sports network plans, which had already delayed the channel from fall 1983 to a spring 1984 debut.[4]

Becoming Sportsvue[edit]

The cable channel changed its name to Sportsvue in January 1984; at the same time, it announced a launch date of April 3. The network would carry the season opener between the Brewers and the Oakland Athletics—part of a slate of 67 baseball contests—as well as a Bucks game two days later; in addition, the network trumpeted that it lined up 40 Wisconsin Badgers hockey and basketball games (football telecasts were not an immediate possibility due to a then-pending Supreme Court case and the team being on probation for the 1984 season[5]), 10 Marquette University athletic events (primarily basketball), and National Hockey League coverage.[6] (No final deal had been worked out with the University of Wisconsin by July,[7] and negotiations continued into September.[8])

Sportsvue was a financial venture of importance to both the Brewers and Bucks, who were strapped for cash and played in a small market; the clubs hoped that Sportsvue revenues would help the teams remain competitive.[9] Jim Fitzgerald, who owned the Bucks, warned in January 1984 that, if the channel were not successful, there was a chance he could sell the franchise.[10]

Distribution and subscriber problems[edit]

Cable distribution was sometimes hit-or-miss around the state. For those who subscribed to participating cable systems around the state, the service cost $8 to $9 a month.[11][12] Some systems, such as Group W Cable in La Crosse[5] (which ultimately changed its mind[13]) and Teltron in Wausau and Stevens Point, did not add Sportsvue typically because the costs were too expensive or their systems required technical rebuilding to have the channel capacity needed to add the new service; Teltron had capacity for just two premium channels, space already taken up by HBO and Cinemax.[14] Customers of the cable system in Madison needed new converter boxes to be able to subscribe.[7] Other systems that would have been critical to the company's success, such as RVS in Waukesha County and the system in Racine, did not pick up Sportsvue because they objected to its revenue split.[15] One critical distribution shortfall did not even have to do with a specific cable system: the city of Milwaukee was not wired for cable at the time, prompting Sportsvue to consider alternate distribution methods, including the TVQ pay microwave system and SelecTV, to reach customers there;[16] Milwaukee was not projected to be cabled until 1986.[15]

The network expected 50,000 subscribers after a year of operation,[17] and it signed up 15,000 in its first month,[14] but from there, subscription figures flatlined. As time went on, low uptake rates prompted additional cable providers that had been considering carriage of Sportsvue to hold off, like Warner Amex in Neenah.[18] In other areas, such as Eau Claire (served by Wisconsin CATV) interest was lower than the cable company needed to see to make money on the necessary investment; a Wisconsin CATV official warned that due to the number of subscribers Sportsvue needed to break even, "we don't know if that channel is going to make it".[19] Officials attributed Sportsvue's stagnating uptake to the poor performance of the Brewers.[8] The stagnation continued into December, when the service still had just 16,000 subscribers.[20]

Closure[edit]

A month into 1985, the bottom fell out for Sportsvue. Its president, Joe O'Neill, stepped down from the position on January 15 but remained on as legal counsel, while the network announced on January 24 that it would axe a third of its staff.[21] Four days later, further measures were announced in a bid to shore up the network's finances; the network would cut in half the number of live events it broadcast and raise its rates to cable companies.[22] Not even these increasingly drastic changes were enough. On February 2, Sportsvue announced that it would cease operations after that night's Bucks game against the Portland Trail Blazers, citing the low subscriber count.[23] The channel had lost $2 million in its 10 months of operation;[24] Bucks owner Fitzgerald said the team had "taken a bath" on its investment in cable sports.[25]

In appraising the reasons for its closure, Phil Rosenthal of The Capital Times cited the Brewers' poor performance in 1984; the inability to reach potential subscribers in uncabled Milwaukee; poor supplemental programming and its part-time operation; and the failure of the Group W venture.[26]

Impact of closure[edit]

In the wake of the closure of Sportsvue, Bucks management said that the team would have to take a "hard look at the future"[23] and Fitzgerald noted that other cities were already showing interest in buying the franchise.[24] He then officially announced that he was putting the Bucks up for sale on February 5, just three days after the network folded.[25] Grocery store magnate Herb Kohl bought the Bucks a month later, keeping them in Milwaukee.[27] In a lawsuit later in the year over the 1979 privatization of the club, Fitzgerald claimed that he had not thought of selling the club until Sportsvue failed.[28]

Brewers owner Bud Selig blamed larger-market teams and the rise of superstations for the failure of Sportsvue.[29]

A more immediate change was that the local stations that carried Brewers and Bucks games, and which had seen their inventories drop with Sportsvue,[30] gained the opportunity to telecast additional games. WLRE in the Green Bay market added 16 more Brewers games that were offered by the club after the network's closure,[31] along with six additional Bucks games in the remainder of the NBA season.[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bucks, Brewers plan TV expansion". Wisconsin State Journal. Associated Press. September 10, 1981. p. 2. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  2. ^ Brown, Merrill (April 2, 1984). "Cable Sports Network Set For Kickoff". Washington Post. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  3. ^ Hastings, Julianne (August 26, 1983). "Cable, pay TV to have new shows". Bucyrus Telegraph-Forum. UPI. p. 14. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  4. ^ "Sports network to begin". Herald-Times-Reporter. Associated Press. October 12, 1983. p. 11. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Gardner, Charles (March 18, 1984). "Cable companies differ on Sportsvue offer". La Crosse Tribune. p. 41. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  6. ^ "TV sports network to begin on April 3". Stevens Point Journal. Associated Press. January 28, 1984. p. 10. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  7. ^ a b Rosenthal, Phil (July 13, 1984). "Sportsvue gaining, looks like a winner". The Capital Times. p. 17. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Hughes, John (September 2, 1984). "Sportsvue starts slowly". Wisconsin State Journal. p. 1. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  9. ^ Gerds, Warren (March 17, 1985). "Sports pay-cable due here April 3". Green Bay Press-Gazette. p. A-11. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  10. ^ "Bucks' future tied to cable". The Capital Times. Associated Press. January 30, 1984. p. 13. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  11. ^ "Cable TV fee list misleading". Kenosha News. February 7, 1984. p. 8. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  12. ^ "Sportsvue Cable starts out". Kenosha News. UPI. March 26, 1984. p. 17. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  13. ^ "Group W Cable offers SportsVue". La Crosse Tribune. June 20, 1984. p. 16. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  14. ^ a b Wodalski, Ed (April 23, 1984). "Sportsvue not likely for local TV sports fans". Wausau Daily Herald. p. 17. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  15. ^ a b Hoffmann, Gregg (February 3, 1985). "SportsVue demise gives Bucks jitters". Sunday News. p. D3. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  16. ^ "Sportsvue eyes April 3 start". The Capital Times. Associated Press. February 3, 1984. p. 17. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  17. ^ Rosenthal, Phil (March 9, 1984). "Sportsvue cable TV: reality or just dream?". The Capital Times. pp. 15, 20. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  18. ^ Richards, Tom (May 25, 1984). "Sportsvue unlikely in Neenah-Menasha". Post-Crescent. p. B-6. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  19. ^ "CATV won't offer Sportsvue". Leader-Telegram. June 5, 1984. p. 9C. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  20. ^ Hernet, Dennis (December 9, 1984). "Kindergarten creates hospital to allay fears". Herald-Times-Reporter. p. 9. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  21. ^ "SportsVue cutting staff by one-third". Stevens Point Journal. Associated Press. January 25, 1985. p. 12. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  22. ^ "SportsVue to cut programming and raise its rates". Green Bay Press-Gazette. Associated Press. January 29, 1985. p. B-4. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  23. ^ a b Lavelette, Bill. "SportsVue Cable Folds; Bucks To Take Hard Look At Future In Milwaukee". Sheboygan Press. Associated Press. p. 19. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  24. ^ a b "Milwaukee Bucks owner James Fitzgerald says other cities have asked..." UPI. February 5, 1985. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  25. ^ a b "Fitzgerald puts Bucks up for sale". Post-Crescent. Associated Press. February 5, 1985. p. D-1. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  26. ^ "Sportsvue's demise can be blamed on many factors". The Capital Times. February 8, 1985. p. 17. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  27. ^ Embry, Mike (March 2, 1985). "Bucks sold; will stay in Milwaukee". Journal Times. Associated Press. p. 1B. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  28. ^ "Fitzgerald says Bucks sale not planned". Leader-Telegram. Associated Press. June 18, 1985. p. 3B. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  29. ^ Prigge, Matthew J. (September 27, 2013). "The Rise and Fall of 'Sportsvue,' the Milwaukee Brewers Superstation". Shepherd Express. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  30. ^ Gerds, Warren (June 15, 1983). "Channel 2 had an edge on Starr show". Green Bay Press-Gazette. p. B-12. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  31. ^ Gerds, Warren (April 6, 1985). "'Mr. Belvedere' may prove costly to Brewers". Green Bay Press-Gazette. p. A-6. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  32. ^ Gerds, Warren (February 16, 1985). "More or less: Sports coverage gets bounced". Green Bay Press-Gazette. p. A-7. Retrieved November 10, 2019.