Spot reduction

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Spot reduction refers to the claim that fat can be targeted for reduction from a specific area of the body through exercise of specific muscles in the desired area, such as exercising the abdominal muscles in an effort to lose weight in or around one's midsection. Advertisers exploit this concept when advertising exercise-related products.[1]

A common belief is that doing crunches alone reduces belly fat.

The scientific consensus among fitness experts and researchers is that spot reduction is a myth. Studies largely show that it is not possible to reduce fat in one area by exercising that body part alone.[2][3][4][5][6][7] Instead, fat is lost from the entire body as a result of diet and regular exercise.[4] Muscle growth in the abdominal region does not reduce fat in that region.[8] Instead, being on a caloric deficit is recommended for reducing abdominal fat.[not in citation given][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Fat loss and weight training myths". Retrieved 2008-06-10.[unreliable medical source?]
  2. ^ Perry, Elena (2001). "Targeted Fat Loss: Myth or Reality?". Yale Scientific.
  3. ^ Nickol, Carolyn (2001). "Spot Fat Reduction". University Fitness Center, University of Cincinnati. Archived from the original on 2010-11-11.
  4. ^ a b Wilmore, Jack H.; Costill, David L. (1999). Physiology of Sport and Exercise. Human Kinetics. ISBN 978-0-7360-0084-0.[page needed]
  5. ^ Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Andrade, David C.; Campos-Jara, Christian; Henríquez-Olguín, Carlos; Alvarez-Lepín, Cristian; Izquierdo, Mikel (2013). "Regional Fat Changes Induced by Localized Muscle Endurance Resistance Training". Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 27 (8): 2219–24. doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31827e8681. PMID 23222084.
  6. ^ Vispute, Sachin S; Smith, John D; LeCheminant, James D; Hurley, Kimberly S (2011). "The Effect of Abdominal Exercise on Abdominal Fat". Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25 (9): 2559–64. doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181fb4a46. PMID 21804427.
  7. ^ Katch, Frank I.; Clarkson, Priscilla M.; Kroll, Walter; McBride, Thomas; Wilcox, Anthony (1984). "Effects of Sit up Exercise Training on Adipose Cell Size and Adiposity". Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 55 (3): 242–7. doi:10.1080/02701367.1984.10609359.
  8. ^ Dave Harshbarger. Wellness Program. Archived 2010-10-05 at the Wayback Machine. West Virginia University.
  9. ^ "How to Lose Belly Fat: Tips for a Flatter Stomach". Retrieved 2012-06-25.