The spotted kestrel (Falco moluccensis) is also known as the Moluccan kestrel.
Distribution and habitat
Spread through Wallacea and Java, the spotted kestrel inhabits grasslands with scattered trees, lightly wooded cultivation, and the edges of primary and tall secondary forest. Along logging roads, it occasionally penetrates forests, and sometimes inhabits clearings within forested areas. It has also been known to live in areas of human habitation.
Displaying similar nesting habits to other kestrels, the spotted kestrel can be found occupying man-made structures, abandoned nests, and cliff sides. In Indonesia, nest were found in a variety of locations including the peaked roof traditional housing or in the crowns of a palms trees. Nests are usually occupied March through September or October during mating season.
The spotted kestrel has a call described as common, a keek, keek, keek, similar to other kestrels. While in flight, they tend to use a more scream-like call, rrrrit, rrrrit, rrrrit.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Falco moluccensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Suparman, Usep (2010). "Species account: Spotted Kestrel, Falco moluccensis". Global Raptor Information Network. The Peregrine Fund.
- Ferguson-Lees, James (2001). Raptors of the World. p. 853.
- Spotted kestrel, AVI Birds.com (retrieved 16 June 2014)
- Thiollay, J.-M. (1998). "Distribution patterns and insular biogeography of South Asian raptor communities". Journal of Biogeography. 25: 52–72. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.1998.251164.x.
- Olsen, Jerry; Susan Trost (2007). "Diurnal Raptors on the Island of Sumba, Indonesia, in June/July and December/January 2001–2002" (PDF). Australian Field Ornithology. 24: 158–166.
- Thiollay, J.M; Zaini Rahman (2002). "The raptor community of Central Sulawesi: habitat selection and conservation status". Biological Conservation. 107: 111–122. doi:10.1016/s0006-3207(02)00051-4.
- BeautyOfBirds, formerly Avian Web
- Planet of Birds
- Falco moluccensis-Fact Sheet (birdlife.org)
- Species account at Global Raptor Information Network
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