Spotted tanager

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Spotted tanager
Tangara punctata-20090405.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae
Genus: Ixothraupis
Species:
I. punctata
Binomial name
Ixothraupis punctata
(Linnaeus, 1766)
Synonyms

Tanagra punctata Linnaeus, 1766

The spotted tanager (Ixothraupis punctata) is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Taxonomy[edit]

In 1760 the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson included a description of the spotted tanager in his Ornithologie based on a specimen collected in the West Indies. He used the French name Le tangara verd piqueté des Indes and the Latin name Tangara viridis indica punctulata.[2] Although Brisson coined Latin names, these do not conform to the binomial system and are not recognised by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.[3] When in 1766 the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus updated his Systema Naturae for the twelfth edition he added 240 species that had been previously described by Brisson.[3] One of these was the spotted tanager. Linnaeus included a terse description, coined the binomial name Tanagra punctata and cited Brisson's work.[4] The specific name punctata is Latin for "spotted".[5] The spotted tanager is now placed in the genus Ixothraupis.[6]

Five subspecies are recognised:[6]

  • I. p. punctata (Linnaeus, 1766) – south Venezuela, the Guianas and north Brazil
  • I. p. zamorae (Chapman, 1925) – central Ecuador and north Peru
  • I. p. perenensis (Chapman, 1925) – central Peru
  • I. p. annectens (Zimmer, JT, 1943) – southeast Peru
  • I. p. punctulata (Sclater, PL & Salvin, 1876) – west-central Bolivia

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Tangara punctata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Brisson, Mathurin Jacques (1760). Ornithologie, ou, Méthode contenant la division des oiseaux en ordres, sections, genres, especes & leurs variétés (in French and Latin). Volume 3. Paris: Jean-Baptiste Bauche. pp. 19–20, Plate 4 fig 2. |volume= has extra text (help) The two stars (**) at the start of the paragraph indicates that Brisson based his description on the examination of a specimen.
  3. ^ a b Allen, J.A. (1910). "Collation of Brisson's genera of birds with those of Linnaeus". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 28: 317–335.
  4. ^ Linnaeus, Carl (1766). Systema naturae : per regna tria natura, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis (in Latin). Volume 1, Part 1 (12th ed.). Holmiae (Stockholm): Laurentii Salvii. p. 316. |volume= has extra text (help)
  5. ^ Jobling, J.A. (2018). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  6. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Tanagers and allies". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 17 October 2020.