Spremberg

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Spremberg/Grodk
Market square
Market square
Flag of Spremberg/Grodk
Flag
Coat of arms of Spremberg/Grodk
Coat of arms
Location of Spremberg/Grodk within Spree-Neiße district
Spremberg in SPN.png
Spremberg/Grodk is located in Germany
Spremberg/Grodk
Spremberg/Grodk
Spremberg/Grodk is located in Brandenburg
Spremberg/Grodk
Spremberg/Grodk
Coordinates: 51°34′18″N 14°22′46″E / 51.57167°N 14.37944°E / 51.57167; 14.37944Coordinates: 51°34′18″N 14°22′46″E / 51.57167°N 14.37944°E / 51.57167; 14.37944
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictSpree-Neiße
Government
 • MayorChristine Herntier (Ind.)
Area
 • Total202.32 km2 (78.12 sq mi)
Elevation
97 m (318 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[3]
 • Total22,456
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
03130
Dialling codes03563
Vehicle registrationSPN, FOR, GUB, SPB
Websitewww.stadt-spremberg.de

Spremberg (Lower Sorbian: Grodk) is a district near the Saxon city of Hoyerswerda and is in the Spree-Neiße district of Brandenburg, Germany.

First mentioned in 1301, the town alone has 14,028 inhabitants, and the district, including other villages, has 22,456 inhabitants, as of December 31, 2017.

Geography[edit]

Spremberg is situated about 20 km south of Cottbus and 25 km north of Hoyerswerda, on an island and on both banks of the river Spree. Between 1871 and 1918 the town was the geographical centre of the German Empire: today, it is only 25 km from the German-Polish border. On 1 January 2016, the former municipality Hornow-Wadelsdorf became part of Spremberg.

Demography[edit]

Spremberg: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[4]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 19,546—    
1890 20,239+0.23%
1910 24,472+0.95%
1925 27,178+0.70%
1933 29,205+0.90%
1939 30,989+0.99%
1946 26,555−2.18%
1950 27,879+1.22%
1964 37,222+2.09%
1971 32,635−1.86%
1981 30,565−0.65%
1985 30,739+0.14%
1989 30,195−0.45%
1990 29,665−1.76%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 29,116−1.85%
1992 28,843−0.94%
1993 28,872+0.10%
1994 29,165+1.01%
1995 28,935−0.79%
1996 28,974+0.13%
1997 28,881−0.32%
1998 28,588−1.01%
1999 28,407−0.63%
2000 28,160−0.87%
2001 27,715−1.58%
2002 27,376−1.22%
2003 27,059−1.16%
2004 26,888−0.63%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 26,416−1.76%
2006 25,952−1.76%
2007 25,484−1.80%
2008 25,050−1.70%
2009 24,718−1.33%
2010 24,373−1.40%
2011 22,773−6.56%
2012 22,618−0.68%
2013 22,431−0.83%
2014 22,326−0.47%
2015 22,232−0.42%
2016 22,750+2.33%
2017 22,456−1.29%

Mayors[edit]

  • Friedrich Nath (1908–1919)
  • Paul Steffen (1920–1931)
  • Richard Buder (1931–1933)
  • Kurt Kaulbars (1933–1945) NSDAP
  • Rudolf Otto (1944–1945) temporary
  • August Scholta (1945–1945) temporary
  • Richard Buder (1945–1946)
  • Willi Lange (1946–1953)
  • Ruth Kartschall (1953–1961)
  • Herbert Köhler (1961–1965)
  • Günter Frenzel (1965–1975)
  • Lothar Barnowski (1975–1975) temporary
  • Hannelore Neumann (1975–1990) SED
  • Egon Wochatz (1990–2002) CDU
  • Klaus-Peter Schulze (2002–2013) CDU
  • Christine Schönherr (2013–2013) temporary, independent
  • Frank Kulik (2014–2014) temporary, independent
  • Christine Herntier (since 2014), independent


Culture[edit]

In 1911 there were Roman Catholic and two Protestant churches and a pilgrimage chapel dating from 1100, there was a ducal chateau built by a son of the elector John George around the end of the 16th century (now used as government offices), and there were classical, technical and commercial schools as well as a hospital.

Schwarze Pumpe[edit]

Schwarze Pumpe (Lower Sorbian: Carna Plumpa) is a district of Spremberg, lying approximately 7 km southwest of Spremberg's town centre on the federal state boundary between Brandenburg to Saxony. It had 1886 inhabitants as of 31 December 2017. A large industrial area extending into Saxony and including the site of a large power plant is known by the same name.

On 26 May 2006, construction work started on the world's first CO
2
-free coal power plant in the Schwarze Pumpe industrial district. The plant is based on a concept called carbon capture and storage, which means that carbon emissions will be captured and compressed to ​1500th their original volume, liquefying the gas. It will then be forced 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) below the soil into porous rock where it is believed that it will remain for thousands of years without exacerbating global warming. The project, which has cost some 70 million Euros, was funded entirely by the Swedish company Vattenfall AB and will go into service in September 2008. The power plant is a pilot project to serve as a prototype for future full-scale power plants.[5]

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsentwicklung und Flächen der kreisfreien Städte Landkreise und Gemeinden im Land Brandenburg - 2017". Statistical office Berlin-Brandenburg. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  4. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  5. ^ Germany leads 'clean coal' pilot, BBC News, 2008-09-03

External links[edit]