||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (October 2012)|
Sculpture by Marilyn Collins
|First reported||In folklore|
A spriggan ([ˈsprɪdʒən], a singular borrowed from the Cornish plural spyryjyon 'spirits') is a legendary creature known from Cornish faery lore. Spriggans are particular to West Penwith in Cornwall.
Spriggans in folklore
Spriggans were depicted as grotesquely ugly, and were said to be found at old ruins and barrows guarding buried treasure and generally acting as fairy bodyguards. They were also said to be busy thieves. Though usually small, they had the ability to swell to enormous size (they were sometimes speculated to be the ghosts of the old giants).
Certainly their disposition was poor, and they caused mischief to those who offended them. They sent storms to blight crops, and sometimes stole away mortal children, leaving their ugly changelings in their place. In one story, an old woman got the better of a band of spriggans by turning her clothing inside-out (turning clothing supposedly being as effective as holy water or iron in repelling fairies) to gain their loot.
A sculpture of a spriggan by Marilyn Collins can be seen in Crouch End, London, in some arches lining a section of the Parkland Walk (a disused railway line). If walking along the Parkland Walk from Finsbury Park to Highgate Station the Spriggan is to the right just before the disused railway station platforms of the former Crouch End. To the left, on the southside of the Parkland Walk is Crouch Hill Park where Ashmount School has been located since January 2013. This sculpture was the inspiration for Stephen King's short story "Crouch End", in which a stylised rendition of the sculpture is described. The sculpture is sometimes mistaken for the Green Man or Pan.
Spriggans in popular culture
Spriggans appear as magical, treelike creatures in several of the Elder Scrolls role-playing video games by Bethesda Softworks. Spriggans generally appear in wooded areas, guarding hidden glades, cave entrances, or forest ruins. They are hostile towards the player and most other humanoid characters, attacking them on sight. They also possess the ability to command woodland creatures to fight alongside them. In the Bloodmoon expansion to Morrowind, spriggans can regenerate after death twice and only remain dead after being killed three times.
The main character in Sword Art Online light novel, manga, and anime series takes the form of a Spriggan in the Alfheim Online game. Spriggans are said to only possess illusionary magic that is not seen as being helpful in battle, however Kirito utilizes both a transformation illusion and a smokescreen to overcome opponents in battles in which he was greatly outmatched.
In the Beyound the Spiderwick trilogy, a creature named Sandspur is later discovered to be spriggan.
In the online game Elsword there is a boss in a stage called Spriggan that is a rather small miniature knight about half of the character's height, but has an attack which consists of his true form being rather tall "Shadow" inside the armor to come out and perform stronger attacks, the shadow being 3 to 4 times a character's height.
The WARMACHINE tabletop miniatures game has a model in their Khador faction called a Spriggan.
In the online video game Wizard101, a spriggan is a creature found in the world of Avalon in which you must defeat.
Horror writer Stephen King once visited his friend, Peter Straub, whose house is in Crouch End. The legend goes that after asking for a good place to go for a walk, he was directed towards the old railway line, now called the Parkland Walk. While here, he was inspired by the strange unsettling surroundings and the sculpture of a spriggan (a pan-like green man), which was pushing its way out of an old arched wall. King wrote the short story "Crouch End", based on his visit, which was later adapted as an episode of Nightmares and Dreamscapes: From the Stories of Stephen King, which included the spriggan in the introduction.
In season three episode 8, Fae-Ge Against the Machine, of the Sci-Fi series Lost Girl, the character named Balzac is a spriggan. In the episode, it is stated that a deal with a spriggan is binding and must be upheld.
The Spriggan is a demon of the Fairy family in the Shin Megami Tensei series. He appears Strange Journey and Soul Hackers. He looks like a giant statue and has a childish personnality.
- "An Interview with Peter Straub (March, 2010) | Bookbanter". Bookbanter.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
- Briggs, Katharine. A Dictionary of Fairies. Penguin, 1976.
- Underground History: The Northern Heights, Hywel Williams. Accessed 8 July 2007.
- Hunt, Robert. Popular Romances of the West of England. 1865.