Spring Temple Buddha

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Spring Temple Buddha
中原大佛
Spring Temple Buddha 1.jpg
Spring Temple Buddha with its pedestals
Coordinates33°46′30″N 112°27′03″E / 33.775082°N 112.450925°E / 33.775082; 112.450925 (Spring Temple Buddha (Lushan, China))Coordinates: 33°46′30″N 112°27′03″E / 33.775082°N 112.450925°E / 33.775082; 112.450925 (Spring Temple Buddha (Lushan, China))
LocationFodushan Scenic Area, Lushan County, Henan, China
TypeStatue
Materialcopper cast
Length128 metres (420 ft)
Height
  • statue: 153 metres (502 ft)
  • including base: 208 metres (682 ft)
[1]
Completion date1 September 2008
Dedicated toGautama Buddha

The Spring Temple Buddha (Chinese: 中原大佛 and simplified Chinese: 鲁山大佛; traditional Chinese: 魯山大佛) is a colossal statue depicting Vairocana Buddha located in the Zhaocun township of Lushan County, Henan, China, built from 1997 to 2008. It is located within the Fodushan Scenic Area, close to National Freeway no. 311. At 128 metres (420 ft), excluding a 25 metres (82 ft) lotus throne, it is the second-tallest statue in the world after the Statue of Unity in Gujarat, India, which surpassed it in 2018 with a height of 182 metres (597 ft).[2]

Description[edit]

Taking into account the 25 metres (82 ft) pedestal/building atop which it is placed, the monument has a total height of 153 metres (502 ft). As of October 2008, the hill on which the statue stands is being reshaped to form two further pedestals, the upper one being 15 m tall. The total height of the monument is now said to be 208 m (682 ft).[3]

The project as a whole was estimated to cost around $55 million, $18 million of which was to be spent on the statue. It was originally estimated to consist of 1,100 pieces of copper cast, with a total weight of 1,000 tonnes.[4]

The Spring Temple Buddha derives its name from the nearby Tianrui hot spring, whose water, at 60 °C (140 °F), is renowned in the area for its curative properties. The Foquan Temple, built during the Tang dynasty, houses the Bell of Good Luck, placed on top of Dragon Head peak. This bronze bell weighs 116 tonnes.[5]

Inscribed within the statue's chest is a small reverse swastika (sauwastika), a symbol originally from Buddhism but has since become associated with the Nazi Regime.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Approximate heights of various notable statues:
1. Statue of Unity 240 m (790 ft) (incl. 58 m (190 ft) base)
2. Spring Temple Buddha 153 m (502 ft) (incl. 25 m (82 ft) pedestal and 20 m (66 ft) throne)
3. Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World) 93 m (305 ft) (incl. 47 m (154 ft) pedestal)
4. The Motherland Calls 87 m (285 ft) (incl. 2 m (6 ft 7 in) pedestal)
5. Christ the Redeemer 38 m (125 ft) (incl. 8 m (26 ft) pedestal)
6. Michelangelo's David 5.17 m (17.0 ft) (excl. 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) plinth)

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.zatpw.com/read.php?tid-23558.htm
  2. ^ (in Chinese) 中国佛山金佛-153米卢舍那佛 - 墨宝斋 Archived 2008-09-01 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ (in Chinese) 世界第一大佛鲁山大佛 Archived 2008-12-28 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "China enters biggest Buddhist statue race". BBC News. 6 May 2001.
  5. ^ Fodushan Scenic Area

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Ushiku Daibutsu
110 m (361 ft)
World's tallest statue
2008–2018
Succeeded by
Statue of Unity
182 m (597 ft)