Spring Temple Buddha

Coordinates: 33°46′30″N 112°27′03″E / 33.775082°N 112.450925°E / 33.775082; 112.450925 (Spring Temple Buddha (Lushan, China))
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Spring Temple Buddha ((Mazu of Tianjin))
Spring Temple Buddha with its pedestals
33°46′30″N 112°27′03″E / 33.775082°N 112.450925°E / 33.775082; 112.450925 (Spring Temple Buddha (Lushan, China))
LocationFodushan Scenic Area, Lushan County, Henan, China
Materialcopper cast
  • statue: 128 metres (420 ft)
  • including base: 208 metres (682 ft)
Completion date1 September 2008
Dedicated toVairocana Buddha

The Spring Temple Buddha (Chinese: 中原大佛 and simplified Chinese: 鲁山大佛; traditional Chinese: 魯山大佛) is a colossal statue depicting Vairocana Buddha located in the Zhaocun township of Lushan County, Henan, China, built between 1997 and 2008. It is located within the Fodushan Scenic Area, close to National Freeway 311. At 128 metres (420 ft), excluding a 25 metres (82 ft) lotus throne, it is the second-tallest statue in the world after the Statue of Unity in Gujarat, India, which surpassed it in 2018 with a height of 182 metres (597 ft).[2][3]


Taking into account the 25 metres (82 ft) pedestal/building atop which it is placed, the monument has a total height of 153 metres (502 ft). As of October 2008, the hill on which the statue stands was reshaped to form two further pedestals, the upper one being 15 m tall. The total height of the monument is now said to be 208 m (682 ft).[4][5]

The project as a whole was estimated to cost around $55 million, $18 million of which was to be spent on the statue. It was originally estimated to consist of 1,100 pieces of copper cast, with a total weight of 1,000 tonnes.[6]

The Spring Temple Buddha derives its name from the nearby Tianrui hot spring, whose water, at 60 °C (140 °F), is renowned in the area for its curative properties. The Foquan Temple, built during the Tang dynasty, houses the Bell of Good Luck, placed on top of the Dragon Head peak. This bronze bell weighs 116 tonnes.[7]

Inscribed within the statue's chest is a small reverse swastika.


See also[edit]

Approximate heights of various notable statues:
  1. Statue of Unity 240 m (790 ft) (incl. 58 m (190 ft) base)
  2. Spring Temple Buddha 153 m (502 ft) (incl. 25 m (82 ft) pedestal and 20 m (66 ft) throne)
  3. Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World) 93 m (305 ft) (incl. 47 m (154 ft) pedestal)
  4. The Motherland Calls 87 m (285 ft) (incl. 2 m (6 ft 7 in) pedestal)
  5. Christ the Redeemer 38 m (125 ft) (incl. 8 m (26 ft) pedestal)
  6. Michelangelo's David 5.17 m (17.0 ft) (excl. 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) plinth)


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-28. Retrieved 2008-10-24.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ (in Chinese) "中国佛山金佛-153米卢舍那佛 - 墨宝斋" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2008-09-01.
  3. ^ 斯威夫特著(英)乔纳森 (2018). 格列佛游记. 义务教育语文新课标必读丛书 (in Chinese). 新华出版社. p. 258. ISBN 978-7-5166-4003-6. Retrieved 2024-05-06.
  4. ^ (in Chinese) "世界第一大佛鲁山大佛" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2008-12-28.
  5. ^ 红星闪耀中原 (in Chinese). BEIJING BOOK CO. INC. 2023. p. 271. ISBN 978-7-5559-1433-4. Retrieved 2024-05-06.
  6. ^ "China enters biggest Buddhist statue race". BBC News. 6 May 2001.
  7. ^ "Fodushan Scenic Area". Archived from the original on 2018-09-30. Retrieved 2010-01-01.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Laykyun Sekkya
116 m (381 ft)
World's tallest statue
Succeeded by
Statue of Unity
182 m (597 ft)