Springerville Federal Building, 1938
|Motto(s): Respect for our past|
Confidence in our future
Location of Springerville in Apache County, Arizona
|• Mayor||Mary Nedrow|
|• Total||11.69 sq mi (30.27 km2)|
|• Land||11.52 sq mi (29.85 km2)|
|• Water||0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)|
|Elevation||6,967 ft (2,124 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||1,995|
|• Density||173.12/sq mi (66.84/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (MST)|
|Website||Town of Springerville|
Springerville sits at an elevation of 6,974 feet (2,126 m) above sea level. Along with its neighbor Eagar, the communities make up the place known as Round Valley which is in the central-eastern part of Arizona close to the New Mexico border.
The town that grew around Henry Springer's trading post was officially given its name on May 10, 1876. Before that time it had gone by names such as Colorado Chiquito, Milligan Settlement, and Valle Redondo (Round Valley).
Outlaw Cowboy Ike Clanton, who was present at the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, was shot dead in Springerville on June 1, 1887, by detective Jonas V. Brighton when he resisted arrest on charges of cattle rustling.
The town was incorporated in 1948.
Springerville is located at (34.136342, -109.279227).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.7 square miles (30 km2), of which 11.6 square miles (30 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 1.40%, is water. Springerville has a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk).
|Climate data for Springerville, Arizona|
|Average high °F (°C)||47.6
|Average low °F (°C)||15.2
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.53
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||4.5
|Source: NOAA (1981–2010 normals), Weatherbase (precip, snow)|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,972 people, 753 households, and 499 families residing in the town. The population density was 170.8 people per square mile (65.9/km²). There were 896 housing units at an average density of 77.6 per square mile (30.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 79.46% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 6.54% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 10.24% from other races, and 3.04% from two or more races. 25.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 753 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 29.2% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,769, and the median income for a family was $36,331. Males had a median income of $32,313 versus $19,519 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,830. About 14.7% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 26.1% of those age 65 or over.
Round Valley Primary School is located in the town and serves the town.
Round Valley Intermediate School, Round Valley Middle School, and Round Valley High School serve the town are in nearby Eagar. In addition, White Mountain Academy, a K-12 charter school, is located in Eagar.
The high school's football stadium, The Round Valley Ensphere located in Eagar, is the eighth biggest geodesic dome in the world with a diameter of 440 feet / 134 m. The school board voted to give the Dome a pinkish looking color, and it was completed in 1992. It was used as a shelter for evacuees from the Rodeo-Chediski fire in 2002. Round Valley is the only high school in the world to have a domed stadium.
The first Springerville School House was dedicated September 3, 1884.
The name Casa Malpais means "House built from Malapai", which describes the type volcanic vesicular basalt from which the ancient village was constructed. It is thought that the name was given to the village by early Basque sheepherders. The Springerville volcanic field contains over 400 volcanoes within a 50-mile (80 km) radius of Springerville, making it the third largest volcanic field in the continental United States.
The first visit to Casa Malpais by a professional anthropologist was in 1883, when Frank Cushing, living at Zuni, visited a site at "El Valle Redondo on the Colorado Chiquito", and was impressed by what he termed "the fissure type pueblo" he found there. In his journal he sketched dry masonry, bridging fissures, upon which the pueblo is constructed.
Unique and unusual features characterize the site. The Great Kiva, painstakingly constructed of volcanic rock, is the centerpiece. A steep basalt staircase set into a crevice of the high red cliff wall leads to the top of the mesa.
The El Rio opened in 1915, making it the oldest movie theater in Arizona. It was originally called the Apache Theater, until it was changed in 1937 to the El Rio.
Notable natives and residents
- Mark Gastineau, former football player for the New York Jets
- Alex Madrid, baseball player for the Milwaukee Brewers and Philadelphia Phillies
- Billie Maxwell, credited with being the first female singer to record country music
- Jerry D. Thompson, historian of the American Southwest, was born in Springerville but reared in western New Mexico.
- Daniel I.J. Thornton, the governor of Colorado from 1951 to 1955, operated a ranch near Springerville in the late 1930s.
- I was the one who had Apache county separated from Yavapai. Everything was very high at that time, and I used to haul my goods from Albuquerque to live on. I was hauling goods one time from Henry Springer's store in Albuquerque, and I told Henry Springer he had better come into Round Valley, as it was called then, and put in a store; that the people were coming in and we would name the postoffice and little village after him, Springerville, and that was old Henry Springer.
- ——James G. H. Colter from History of Arizona, Volume VI
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-28.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Springerville town, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Becker, Jack A (2005). "Round Valley As It Was". roundvalleyaz.com.
- "Apache County Critic". June 1887.
- "Joseph Ike Clanton".
- The Madonna of the Trail Monument" NSDAR Memorial to the Pioneer Mothers of the Covered Wagon Days, pamphlet revised July 2002
- Arizona Wildfire Threatens Electrical Grid, New York Times, June 9, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- |title=Station Name: Springerville AK |deadurl=no |accessdate=2015-5-11
- "Historical Weather for Springerville, AZ USA". wrcc.com. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- FAA Airport Master Record for D68 ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 29 July 2010.
- Arizona Travel and Tours delange.org
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Springerville, Arizona.|
- Town of Springerville official website
- Round Valley History
- Springerville News
- "Springerville, Arizona", at City-Data.com
- Springerville & Eagar Scenic Attractions
- Madonna of the Trail | August Leimbach website