Springfield, Colorado

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Springfield, Colorado
Springfield's town hall in 2015.
Springfield's town hall in 2015.
Location of Springfield in Baca County, Colorado.
Location of Springfield in Baca County, Colorado.
Coordinates: 37°24′24″N 102°37′2″W / 37.40667°N 102.61722°W / 37.40667; -102.61722Coordinates: 37°24′24″N 102°37′2″W / 37.40667°N 102.61722°W / 37.40667; -102.61722
CountryUnited States
StateColorado
County[2]Baca County - seat[1]
Settled1888
IncorporatedJanuary 16, 1889[3]
Government
 • TypeStatutory Town[2]
Area
 • Total1.13 sq mi (2.92 km2)
 • Land1.13 sq mi (2.92 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation4,360 ft (1,329 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,451
 • Estimate 
(2016)[6]
1,378
 • Density1,223.80/sq mi (472.38/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code[7]
81073
Area code(s)719
FIPS code08-73330
GNIS feature ID0203868
WebsiteCity Website

Springfield is a Statutory Town which is also the county seat and most populous town in Baca County, Colorado, United States.[8] The population was 1,451 at the 2010 census.[9]

History[edit]

The town was named after Springfield, Missouri.[10]

Frank and Jim Tipton settled in Las Animas, Colorado in 1886. In 1888 or 1889, Jim and Frank secured the title to 80 acres which was the original townsite. They did this using a "soldiers script" and named the town after Springfield, Mo, since this is where the Tipton brothers had come from.[11]

Geography and climate[edit]

Springfield is located in north-central Baca County at 37°24′24″N 102°37′2″W / 37.40667°N 102.61722°W / 37.40667; -102.61722 (37.406629, -102.617243).[12] It is located approximately 30 miles north of the Oklahoma state line.

U.S. Routes 287 and 385 pass through the center of the town, leading north 47 miles (76 km) to Lamar, Colorado, and south 49 miles (79 km) to Boise City, Oklahoma. U.S. Route 160 passes just to the south of the town, leading west 120 miles (190 km) to Trinidad, Colorado, and east 50 miles (80 km) to Johnson City, Kansas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.9 km2), all of it land.[9]

Springfield has a cool semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with hot summers featuring mild mornings and occasional heavy thunderstorm rains, and highly variable winters that range from very warm and windy to frigid and relatively still.

Climate data for Springfield 7 WSW, Colorado (1971 to 2000; extremes 1956 to 2001)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
83
(28)
90
(32)
97
(36)
104
(40)
111
(44)
109
(43)
104
(40)
101
(38)
95
(35)
86
(30)
78
(26)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 44.9
(7.2)
50.1
(10.1)
57.8
(14.3)
66.3
(19.1)
75.0
(23.9)
86.3
(30.2)
91.3
(32.9)
88.8
(31.6)
80.2
(26.8)
69.7
(20.9)
54.4
(12.4)
45.3
(7.4)
67.5
(19.7)
Average low °F (°C) 14.9
(−9.5)
18.4
(−7.6)
24.1
(−4.4)
32.7
(0.4)
43.2
(6.2)
54.2
(12.3)
58.4
(14.7)
57.4
(14.1)
48.4
(9.1)
36.8
(2.7)
24.1
(−4.4)
16.7
(−8.5)
35.8
(2.1)
Record low °F (°C) −23
(−31)
−22
(−30)
−10
(−23)
5
(−15)
20
(−7)
37
(3)
44
(7)
40
(4)
21
(−6)
6
(−14)
−11
(−24)
−18
(−28)
−23
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.47
(12)
0.48
(12)
1.16
(29)
1.64
(42)
2.86
(73)
2.00
(51)
2.49
(63)
2.46
(62)
1.37
(35)
0.96
(24)
0.73
(19)
0.42
(11)
17.04
(433)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.4
(14)
4.4
(11)
7.7
(20)
3.3
(8.4)
1.0
(2.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(1.0)
1.8
(4.6)
4.4
(11)
5.1
(13)
33.5
(85.5)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 3.8 3.5 5.8 5.6 9.0 6.8 8.1 7.4 5.3 4.0 3.7 3.7 66.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 3.8 3.2 3.5 1.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.7 2.7 3.4 19.2
Source: NOAA[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920295
19301,393372.2%
19401,082−22.3%
19502,13197.0%
19601,791−16.0%
19701,660−7.3%
19801,657−0.2%
19901,475−11.0%
20001,5625.9%
20101,451−7.1%
Est. 20161,378[6]−5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2010, there were 1,451 people, 715 households, and 409 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,793.8 people per square mile (693.2/km²). There were 838 housing units at an average density of 962.4 per square mile (371.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.88% White, 1.15% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 2.56% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.83% of the population.

There were 715 households out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 38.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 26.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,099, and the median income for a family was $34,107. Males had a median income of $25,385 versus $16,339 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,890. About 14.4% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Mayor: Lindsay Walker. Town Manager: Rebecca Clark. Board of Trustees: Mayor Pro-Tem Erv Maltbie, Robin Ballard, Shannon Mason, Mike Cooper, Ted Locke and Jim Howard.

Education[edit]

The superintendent, and elementary principal, is Richard Hargrove, and the high school principal is Kyle Lasley. The town has one library.

Notable people[edit]

Notable individuals who were born in or have lived in Springfield include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Colorado County Seats". State of Colorado, Department of Public Health and Environment. Retrieved 2007-12-31.
  2. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
  3. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  4. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 25, 2017.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on 2007-09-03. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  9. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Springfield town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  10. ^ Dawson, John Frank. Place names in Colorado: why 700 communities were so named, 150 of Spanish or Indian origin. Denver, CO: The J. Frank Dawson Publishing Co. p. 47.
  11. ^ Calhan, Henbest (24 March 1988). Baca County History. Plainsman Herald.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "Climatography of the United States No. 20: 1971-2000" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ "Arraj, Alfred Albert". Biographical Directory of Federal Judges. Federal Judiciary Center. Retrieved 2016-06-21.

External links[edit]