Neighborhoods in Springfield, Massachusetts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The City of Springfield, Massachusetts, has 19 distinct neighborhoods. Many feature subdivisions known by other names, such as The X, Hungry Hill, and Mason Square. Springfield's neighborhoods fan out north, south, and east, from its original, colonial settlement in what is now Metro Center.

Topographical history[edit]

Initially and throughout colonial times, Springfield was oriented north-south along the Connecticut River, with Court Square at its center. Springfield's second neighborhood developed after George Washington and Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory on a bluff in 1777. A neighborhood filled in around the Armory, composed of attractive mansions and handsome apartments blocks. Springfield's third neighborhood formed when the Springfield Armory expanded its production facilities to what is now known as Watershops Pond; the neighborhood around the Lower Watershops became known as owns as Upper Hill. With the arrival of the train in the 1830s, a fifth neighborhood took shape - although much of that neighborhood was destroyed to make I-291, one would now know it as southern Liberty Heights. The miles between each of these neighborhoods gave rise to Springfield's first nickname, "The City of Magnificent Distances." However, as Springfield quickly became among the most wealthy cities in country, new neighborhoods filled in the gaps between the old ones, (as in the case of the South End), and other neighborhoods were created from elegant designs, such as the beautiful Victorian McKnight Historic District and the gorgeous Frederick Law Olmsted-designed Forest Park neighborhood.

Springfield's first "Gold Coast" was the Lower Maple, Maple-Hill, and Ridgewood Historic Districts. This area includes Mulberry Street, which was made famous by Dr. Seuss' first children's book And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street. In 1881, Springfield's McKnight National Historic District became the United States' first planned residential neighborhood.[1] The area features over 900 Victorian "Painted Lady" houses, similar to those found in San Francisco.

Topography[edit]

Metro Center[edit]

Since 1636, Metro Center has served as the cultural, civic, and business center of Springfield and Western Massachusetts. The neighborhood sits on relatively flat land along the Connecticut Riverbank and stretches approximately two hundred meters inland where the first of a series of bluffs rises between the parallel Dwight and Chestnut Streets, (behind the MassMutual Center.) This bluff, essentially, constitutes a change in the character of the neighborhood, from one of high-rises, businesses, and nightlife in the low-lying areas to one of cultural institutions (e.g. The Springfield Museums, the Springfield Public Library, the Massachusetts Data Center, and Federal Courts) and residential neighborhoods like Mattoon Street and the Apremont Triangle atop the bluff.

Even by urban, New England standards, Springfield's Metro Center - stretching from The Arch at the north end of Main Street to swath cut through the city by the 2011 Springfield Tornado near Union Street - remains easily walkable, with characteristically New England architecture surrounding Court Square, the Neo-Classical Springfield Municipal Group, the post-modern MassMutual Center, the varied Club Quarter (by Worthington Street,) Union Station, and the predominantly Neo-Classical architecture of aforementioned cultural institutions atop the first bluff.

Erecting the elevated, (later walled) I-91 highway along Springfield's Connecticut Riverfront during the early 1960s disrupted numerous neighborhoods and continues acting as a barrier between, for example, the Basketball Hall of Fame and Metro Center, making it difficult to access the Connecticut River.[2] In 2010, the Urban Land Institute suggested ways to reunite Springfield with the Connecticut River – and the riverfront Basketball Hall of Fame – however, as yet no action been taken.[3][4] Eastern Metro Center rises steeply along a prominent bluff. Atop this bluff sit the Quadrangle-Mattoon Street Historic District, The Kimball Towers, and The McIntosh – a residential district that is partly protected by the Apremont Triangle National Historic District – and further eastward, the Quadrangle cultural district, the Springfield City Library, and ultimately, the Springfield Armory National Park. In recent years, Metro Center has become an increasingly popular residential neighborhood for those who seek an urban lifestyle without high prices – among them, bohemians, artists, LGBT residents, and empty-nesters.[5][6] As demographics have changed in Metro Center, Springfield's crime ranking has dropped significantly – in 2010, Springfield ranked 51st in the United States' "City Crime Rankings," after ranking 18th in just 2003, with its overall crime rate having fallen by more than 50 percent.[7]

Directly south of Metro Center, along Main Street, is Springfield's South End – the center of its Italian community. The South End features numerous Feast Day celebrations throughout the year, as well as dozens of Italian restaurants, pastry shops, and cultural landmarks. The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame is located on the riverfront in the South End; however, it is cut off from the neighborhood, Main Street, and Metro Center by Interstate 91. Just east of the South End, along one of the Connecticut River's most prominent bluffs, is Springfield's original "Gold Coast," the Lower Maple Historic District. Off of Maple Street, the Ridgewood Historic District includes mansions and condominiums along Ridgewood Terrace and Mulberry Street, the latter of Dr. Seuss fame.

South of Springfield's South End are its Victorian garden districts, Forest Park and Forest Park Heights. Both neighborhoods ring around Frederick Law Olmsted's 735 acres (2.97 km2) beauty, Forest Park. Cited by This Old House magazine in 2011 as having the best Victorian housing stock in the Northeast, many of Forest Park's 600 Victorian Painted Ladies have been recently renovated.[8] Olmsted's Forest Park features the Zoo at Forest Park – a small, well-kept zoo with an extensive, exotic collection – numerous playgrounds, 38 tennis courts, the 31-acre Porter Lake, which features paddle-boating and fishing, numerous sculptures, dozens of walking/hiking trails, Victorian promenades, basketball courts, baseball diamonds, tree groves, an aquatic park, bocce courts, lawn bowling, the United States' first, public swimming pool (1899), and The Barney Mansion.[1]

To the east of Forest Park is the aptly named East Forest Park, an upper-middle-class neighborhood that features well-maintained bungalows and Craftsman-style houses, centered on Lake Massasoit – Springfield's second largest body of water after the Connecticut River. To the east of East Forest Park is Sixteen Acres Springfield's largest and most recently developed neighborhood, which is upper-middle class and suburban in character. Sixteen Acres is a suburb within a city and home to Western New England University, the university's renowned law and pharmacy schools, Veteran's Memorial Golf Course, and the SABIS International School, which ranks among the Top 95 percent of high schools in America.

The geographic center of Springfield features four distinct neighborhoods, all of which feature Victorian architectureThe McKnight National Historic District, Old Hill, Upper Hill, and Bay. Historically, McKnight had been the center of Springfield's African American and Jamaican community; however, within the past 20 years, many LGBT residents have moved into the neighborhood, changing its demographics. Currently, Bay is Springfield's primarily African American and Jamaican neighborhood. The Old Hill neighborhood features a growing Latino population, and like Upper Hill, borders scenic Lake Massasoit. Upper Hill features Springfield College. Across the neighborhood, these four neighborhoods' main commercial district is called Mason Square. Mason Square is home to the aesthetically pleasing red-brick campus of American International College.

To the north of Metro Center are the three neighborhoods that constitute Springfield's "North End" – three largely Latino neighborhoods, (which were, several decades ago, predominantly Greek and Irish) - featuring Springfield's three nationally ranked hospitals: Baystate Health, Mercy Hospital, and Shriner's Children's Hospital. Since the 1970s, Springfield's North End has been split in two by Interstate 91, which has caused unanticipated, social problems.[3] Springfield's Brightwood neighborhood – a formerly blighted neighborhood of old mill buildings, has been adaptively re-used as a state-of-the-art medical campus for Baystate Health. Memorial Square is the North End's commercial district. To the east of Memorial Square is Liberty Heights, which features Springfield's historically Irish neighborhood Hungry Hill. Liberty Heights features easy access to major travel routes and to Elms College, a Catholic university just across Springfield's border with Chicopee. To the north of Liberty Heights is the attractive, leafy residential neighborhood known as Atwater Park. To the east of Liberty Heights is East Springfield, a primarily blue-collar neighborhood bordering the City of Chicopee. Springfield's most northeasterly neighborhood is Indian Orchard, a former streetcar suburb that is currently known as an artist's haven. To the south of Indian Orchard is Pine Point, a quiet, middle-class neighborhood that home to the Fortune 100 MassMutual Company, and is the proposed site of a large, new park.[9]

Neighborhoods, alphabetized[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Firsts". Springfield 375: Springfield's Official 375th Anniversary Celebration Site. 
  2. ^ http://www.masslive.com/news/index.ssf/2012/10/big_dig-springfield_i-91_in_ci.html
  3. ^ a b c Inthasorn, Piyawut (14 May 2010). "springfield+divided+by+91" "Landscape Urbanism for the Highway city of Springfield North End" (PDF). Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Honors Projects. University of Massachusetts - Amherst. 
  4. ^ "SPRINGFIELD, MA Technical Assistance Panel (TAP)" (PDF). Urban Land Institute. 
  5. ^ Pandolfi, Keith. "Forest Park Heights Historic District, Springfield, Massachusetts | Best Old House Neighborhoods 2010: the Northeast | Photos | Home & Real Estate". This Old House. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  6. ^ Photos by Mark M. Murray / The Republican. "Springfield ranked 13th most-gay friendly city in U.S. by monthly magazine, The Advocate". masslive.com. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  7. ^ "2009 City Crime Rate Rankings* (continued)" (PDF). CQ Press, an imprint of SAGE Publications. 
  8. ^ Pandolfi, Keith. "Forest Park Heights Historic District, Springfield, Massachusetts | Best Old House Neighborhoods 2010: the Northeast | Photos | Home & Real Estate | This O". Thisoldhouse.com. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  9. ^ Friday, May 20, 2011 By PETER GOONAN pgoonan@repub.com (2011-05-20). "Balliet school eyed for Pine Point park". MassLive.com. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  10. ^ webmaster, apca. "Home - Atwater Park Civic Association". www.atwaterpark.org. Retrieved 2015-09-04. 
  11. ^ "Atwater Park, 01107 | Choose Springfield, Massachusetts". choosespringfieldmass.com. Retrieved 2015-09-04. 
  12. ^ "springfield+north+end+interstate+91+umass" "Making Connections - Envisioning Springfield's North End" (PDF). Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Graduate Research and Creative Activity. University of Massachusetts - Amherst. 1 October 2009. 
  13. ^ Springfield Planning & Economic Development. "Forest Park Heights Historic District" (Map). 
  14. ^ "Indian Orchard, 01151 | Choose Springfield, Massachusetts". Choosespringfieldmass.com. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  15. ^ "Downtown Springfield Residential Plan" (PDF). Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 22, 2009. 
  16. ^ The Cecil Group; Tai Soo Kim Partners (30 April 2004). "Old Hill Neighborhood Master Plan: Summary Report" (PDF). 
  17. ^ Springfield Planning & Economic Development. "Ridgewood Historic District" (Map). 
  18. ^ Springfield Planning & Economic Development. "Lower Maple Historic District" (Map). 
  19. ^ Springfield Planning & Economic Development. "Maple Hill Historic District" (Map).