Springfield, Oregon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Springfield as seen from Mount Pisgah, looking north, with some of Eugene in the west
Springfield as seen from Mount Pisgah, looking north, with some of Eugene in the west
"Proud History, Bright Future."
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Springfield is located in the United States
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 44°02′46″N 123°01′19″W / 44.04611°N 123.02194°W / 44.04611; -123.02194Coordinates: 44°02′46″N 123°01′19″W / 44.04611°N 123.02194°W / 44.04611; -123.02194
CountryUnited States
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorSean VanGordon[1]
 • City managerNancy Newton
 • Total15.87 sq mi (41.10 km2)
 • Land15.87 sq mi (41.10 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
454 ft (138.4 m)
 • Total61,851
 • Density3,897.84/sq mi (1,504.99/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific)
ZIP codes
97475, 97477, 97478, 97482
Area code(s)458 and 541
FIPS code41-69600[4]
GNIS feature ID1127456[5]
WebsiteCity of Springfield
The historic Southern Pacific depot in Springfield

Springfield is a city in Lane County, Oregon, United States. Located in the Southern Willamette Valley, it is within the Eugene-Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area. Separated from Eugene to the west, mainly by Interstate 5, Springfield is the second-most populous city in the metropolitan area after Eugene. As of the 2020 census, the city has a total population of 61,851.

The Briggs family first settled the Springfield area, arriving in 1848. The community was incorporated as a city in 1885. The city was named after a natural spring located in a field or prairie within the current city boundaries.[6] For the majority of the 20th century, the economy of Springfield was largely dependent on the Oregon timber industry; since the 1990s, however, the economy has diversified, with PeaceHealth now the largest employer in the city. Public education in the city is provided by the Springfield School District.


The first inhabitants to the area were the Kalapuya people. Also sometimes written as Calapooia or Calapooya, the people maintained the valley and their main food sources by controlled burning.[7]

Springfield was settled when Elias and Mary Briggs and their family arrived in 1848. They were among the first party to travel to the region via the "Southern Route" by Klamath Lake, over the Cascades, into the Rogue Valley, then north to the Willamette Valley.[8] Elias Briggs along with William Stevens ran a ferry on the nearby Willamette River.

According to donation land claim records, Stevens was the first settler to stake a claim in the Springfield locale, arriving in October 1847. He commenced building a house with his three oldest sons, and when the house was completed in December, the rest of his family joined him on Christmas Day that year.

Another early arrival in the Springfield vicinity was Captain Felix Scott, Sr. who settled between the McKenzie and Willamette rivers in 1847.

In 1854 Springfield School District No. 19 was formed. A small schoolhouse was built near the corner of south 7th and B streets; it served the community until the 1880s. Miss Agnes Stewart, a young woman from Pennsylvania, was the first teacher. She had arrived in Springfield via the Lost Wagon Train of 1853.

In May 1992 the municipality became the first in the United States to include anti-gay legislation in its city charter after a campaign by the Oregon Citizens Alliance.[9] However, the state legislature later passed a law that prevented anti-gay ordinances from being enforced.[10]


For years, the economy of Springfield hinged on the timber industry, with the largest employer being Weyerhaeuser Company. Weyerhaeuser opened its Springfield complex in 1949, and after years of aggressive logging was forced to downsize as old growth lumber became less available. In the 1990s, the Weyerhaeuser sawmill and veneer (plywood) plants closed, and the paper plant was downsized. Springfield has now developed a more diversified economy.

Ken Kesey's brother Chuck, and Chuck's wife Sue, started the Springfield Creamery in 1960. The business survives today based partly on sales of their flagship product, Nancy's Yogurt, developed from recipes of Nancy Hamren. In the 1970s, the creamery avoided bankruptcy with the help of the rock band Grateful Dead, who over time held a series of 10 benefit concerts on behalf of the creamery. The documentary film Sunshine Daydream was shot at the first performance August 27, 1972.[11][12]

The city of Springfield is surrounded by filbert (hazelnut) orchards. The production has declined over time as fields have been developed into housing. The city used to be sponsor an annual Filbert Festival in early August as a general summer celebration, featuring music, food, and family fun; it was canceled in 2007 due to withdrawal of a key sponsor, and the future for the festival is uncertain. Filbert harvesting occurs in October. 98% of American filbert production is harvested in the Willamette Valley.[13]


Springfield is home to two hospitals, McKenzie-Willamette Medical Center and PeaceHealth's Sacred Heart Medical Center at RiverBend.

Largest employers[edit]

According to the City's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[14] the largest employers in the city are:

Rank Employer # of Employees
1 PeaceHealth 3,500
2 Springfield School District 1,380
3 "Top 3 Technology employers" 1,200
4 McKenzie-Willamette Medical Center 940
5 "Top 3 Wood product employers" 780
6 "Top 3 Food and beverage employers" 410
7 City of Springfield 400
8 Willamalane Park and Recreation District 360
9 State Government 310
10 Federal Government 207


Springfield City Hall steps

Springfield has a council–manager form of government. The current mayor of Springfield is Sean VanGordon,[1] and the city manager is Nancy Newton.[15] The city council comprises members from 6 wards. The current council members are:[16]

  • Ward 1: Damien Pitts [17]
  • Ward 2: Steve Moe
  • Ward 3: Kori Rodley
  • Ward 4: Leonard Stoehr
  • Ward 5: Marilee Woodrow
  • Ward 6: Joe Pishioneri (Council President)

Public safety[edit]

The Springfield Police Department and Eugene Springfield Fire are the city's public safety agencies.[18][19] The Springfield police department is currently under investigation due to allegations of sexual misconduct made by a female former officer.[20][21][22]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.75 sq mi (40.79 km2), of which, 15.74 sq mi (40.77 km2) is land and 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2) is water.[23]

The McKenzie River forms the northern city limits.


Springfield does not have any official neighborhood designations. Unofficial neighborhood areas include:


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[26]
2018 Estimate[27]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[28] of 2010, there were 59,403 people, 23,665 households, and 14,737 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,774.0/sq mi (1,457.1/km2). There were 24,809 housing units at an average density of 1,576.2/sq mi (608.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.9% White, 1.1% African American, 1.4% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 5.2% from other races, and 4.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.1% of the population.

There were 23,665 households, of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.7% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 34.5 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

Arts and culture[edit]

Author Ken Kesey moved to Springfield when he was young and graduated from Springfield High School before moving on to the nearby University of Oregon. After some years of wandering (described in The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test by Tom Wolfe), Kesey bought a farm in nearby Pleasant Hill and remained a prominent local celebrity until his death in 2001.


The Springfield Public Library is located within city hall.[29] The city hall itself is home to a seal of the city of Springfield, created out of unusual items from the city's sewer system.[30][31] The seal and its creator, Russell Ziolkowski, were featured on The Tonight Show and On the Road with Charles Kuralt.[30]

Cultural venues[edit]

The Richard E. Wildish Community Theater on Main Street in downtown Springfield, a complete renovation of the historic McKenzie Theater, opened in December 2006. The theater seats 284 people and is designed to host music concerts and recitals, dance, drama, festivals and small musicals. The Springfield Renaissance Development Corporation spearheaded the six-year renovation project, completed at a cost of $3.1 million.[32]


There are 15 elementary, 4 middle, and 4 high schools in the Springfield School District, making it one of the largest in the state.[33][34] The largest public high schools, by enrollment, are Thurston High School and Springfield High School. Pioneer Pacific College also has a campus in the Gateway area of Springfield.[35]

In popular culture[edit]

The Simpsons[edit]

The city took third in the voting to choose one of the sixteen possible Springfields in the U.S. to host the premiere of The Simpsons Movie.[36] The show's creator, Oregon resident Matt Groening, sent a plaque to the city of Springfield that stated, in part "Yo to Springfield, Oregon – the real Springfield."[37] In April 2012, Groening confirmed to Smithsonian magazine that he named the fictional Springfield after Springfield, Oregon. He also confirmed that he intentionally left it a secret to allow people the enjoyment of assuming it was based on their own Springfield.[38]

Notable people[edit]


This region experiences hot and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Springfield has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[39]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Banta, Megan (January 20, 2021). "Sean VanGordon to serve as Springfield's interim mayor". The Register-Guard. Eugene, Ore. Archived from the original on February 23, 2021. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2023. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2023. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Names of Lane County Communities Reveal Interesting Histories, Anecdotes". Eugene Register-Guard. January 4, 1942. p. 4. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
  7. ^ "Fire in Early Oregon". Oregon Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on November 17, 2018. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  8. ^ "Early History of Springfield, Oregon". City of Springfield. Archived from the original on November 18, 2016. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  9. ^ "Oregon to vote on plan to allow bias against gays. Conservative group forces a referendum". The Baltimore Sun. New York Times News Service. August 16, 1992. Archived from the original on March 8, 2023. Retrieved April 10, 2011. The campaign was used successfully by Mr. Mabon's group in May, when the Oregon town of Springfield voted, by 55 percent to 45 percent, to become the nation's first municipality to include anti-gay language in its city charter.
  10. ^ Neville, Paul (April 13, 1995). "Appeals court deals setback to gay rights foes". Eugene Register-Guard. Eugene, Oregon. p. 1. Retrieved April 10, 2011. The Oregon Court of Appeals upheld a state law Wednesday that bars cities and counties from enforcing anti-gay rights ordinances.
  11. ^ Blair Jackson (2012). "Review of Sunshine Daydream". Blair's Golden Road Blog. Archived from the original on March 30, 2016. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
  12. ^ Diane Dietz (September 6, 2010). "50 years in the creamery". Register-Guard. Archived from the original on March 31, 2016. Retrieved March 20, 2016. We had some debts that had to get paid, so we said, "Well, what do you think? Do you think the Dead would come up and do a benefit concert for us?" My brother-in-law (and Chuck's brother) Ken Kesey said, "I don't know why not. You might as well ask them."
  13. ^ http://www.uga.edu/fruit/hazelnut.html Archived May 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine uga.edu
  14. ^ "City of Springfield 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 14, 2019. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  15. ^ "Springfield City Manager's Office". Archived from the original on March 2, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  16. ^ "Springfield City Council". City of Springfield, Oregon. Archived from the original on January 22, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  17. ^ "Springfield City Council appoints Damien Pitts, an Army veteran who's Black, to fill Ward 1 vacancy". The Register Guard. Archived from the original on March 3, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  18. ^ "SPD Website". Archived from the original on October 27, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
  19. ^ "Eugene Springfield Fire website". Archived from the original on November 28, 2016. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
  20. ^ Roberts, Jacob (March 5, 2021). "Former female Springfield police trainee alleges harassment, discrimination". KEZI News. Archived from the original on June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021.
  21. ^ Jung, Jaewon (June 4, 2021). "Springfield Police sergeant fired amid sex misconduct allegations". KEZI News. Archived from the original on June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021.
  22. ^ Banta, Megan (May 19, 2021). "Springfield Police Chief retiring, as investigation goes on; city appoints former Portland assistant chief as interim". The Register-Guard. Archived from the original on June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021.
  23. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  24. ^ "American FactFinder: Oregon population". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 3, 2011.[dead link]
  25. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 216.
  26. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  27. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
  28. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  29. ^ "SPL Downtown City Hall". Archived from the original on August 27, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
  30. ^ a b Sign next to the seal, locked inside of a display case. On display in Springfield City Hall.
  31. ^ "Sewer Art at the Oregon State Capitol". Country Traveler Online. October 6, 2015. Archived from the original on January 28, 2021. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  32. ^ Glucklich, Elon. "Nonprofit pursues Terese's Place building." Register Guard. 10 November 2017. https://www.registerguard.com/rg/news/local/36131690-75/springfield-development-nonprofit-eyes-retail-building-next-to-widlish-theater.html.csp Archived June 12, 2020, at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ "SPS". Archived from the original on March 26, 2010.
  34. ^ "SPS- Homepage". Archived from the original on September 3, 2011.
  35. ^ "PPC". Archived from the original on January 14, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  36. ^ "Springfields Vie For "Simpsons" Premiere Archived March 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine." CBS News. March 9, 2007. Retrieved on March 9, 2007.
  37. ^ "The Register-Guard, Eugene, Oregon, USA". Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
  38. ^ De La Roca, Claudia (May 2012). "Matt Groening Reveals the Location of the Real Springfield". Smithsonian. Archived from the original on December 17, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  39. ^ "Climate Summary for Springfield, Oregon". Archived from the original on July 24, 2014. Retrieved January 22, 2014.

Further reading[edit]

  • Anderson, Wendell (2002). Eugene-Springfield: a contemporary portrait. (1st ed.). Montgomery, AL: Community Communications. ISBN 9781581920550. OCLC 50612315.
  • Dennis, Michelle L. (1999). Springfield, Oregon, 1848-1955: historic context statement . (Rev. ed.). Springfield Development Services Dept.
  • Velasco, Dorothy; Velasco, Mara (1999). Springfield, Between Two Rivers: An Illustrated History. Pete Malliris, Kim Sullivan (1st ed.). Montgomery, AL: Community Communications. ISBN 1-58192-010-5. LCCN 99-36453. OCLC 41601271.
  • Clarke, David W (1983). The Springfield Millrace and early mills. Springfield Historical Commission.
  • Williams, Jerold (1983). Springfield: a history. Springfield, OR: Springfield Public Schools, District 19 Communications Dept.

External links[edit]