Springfield Township, Jefferson County, Ohio
|Springfield Township, Jefferson County, Ohio|
Location of Springfield Township in Jefferson County
|• Total||30.7 sq mi (79.5 km2)|
|• Land||30.7 sq mi (79.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||902 ft (275 m)|
|• Density||83.7/sq mi (32.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1086385|
Springfield Township is one of the fourteen townships of Jefferson County, Ohio, United States. The 2000 census found 2,568 people in the township, 1,231 of whom lived in the unincorporated portions of the township.
Located in the far western part of the county, it borders the following townships:
- Fox Township, Carroll County - north
- Brush Creek Township - northeast
- Ross Township - east
- Salem Township - southeast
- German Township, Harrison County - south
- Loudon Township, Carroll County - southwest
- Lee Township, Carroll County - west
Several populated places are located in Springfield Township:
- The village of Amsterdam, in the west
- The village of Bergholz, in the north
- The unincorporated community of Wolf Run, in the east
Name and history
Springfield Township was established in 1804. It is the oldest township in Jefferson County.
In the early 19th century, Springfield Township was the residence of the "Blind Twaddle" family, a family of nine children, six of whom were born blind. At the time, they were considered one of the most remarkable families in the state of Ohio, and perhaps the United States. They attracted universal attention from physicians and scientific men throughout the world. In 1818, the Ohio State Legislature passed "An act for the relief of John Twaddle", granting a quarter section of land to John and Mary Twaddle, the parents of the six blind children. 
The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is also an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, which is held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Jefferson County, Ohio — Population by Places Estimates Ohio State University, 2007. Accessed 15 May 2007.
- Doyle, Joseph Beatty (1910). 20th Century History of Steubenville and Jefferson County, Ohio and Representative Citizens. Richmond-Arnold Publishing Company. p. 527.
- Aspen Evening Chronicle, April 4, 1890. Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection.
- Acts of the State of Ohio, Volume 17, December 23, 1818
- "Detailed map of Ohio" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2007-02-16.
- §503.24, §505.01, and §507.01 of the Ohio Revised Code. Accessed 4/30/2009.