Entrance sign, Springsure, Queensland
|Population||829 (2006 census)|
|• Density||5.335/km2 ( 13.817/sq mi)|
|Elevation||344.9 m (1,132 ft)|
|Area||155.4 km2 (60.0 sq mi)|
|LGA(s)||Central Highlands Region|
Springsure is a town and a locality in the Central Highlands Region, Queensland, Australia. It is 66 kilometres (41 mi) south of Emerald on the Gregory Highway. It is the southern terminus of the Gregory Highway and the northern terminus of the Dawson Highway. It is 765 kilometres (475 mi) northwest of Brisbane. At the 2016 census, Springsure had a population of 1103.
The area was originally occupied by Aboriginal people, for thousands of years.
Ludwig Leichhardt was the first European to explore the area between 1843 and 1845. His favourable reports encouraged settlers to move in and settle the land whose domains were those of Aboriginal groups.
In 1861 squatter Horatio Wills and a party of Victorian settlers arrived near modern-day Springsure in 1861. Two weeks later, 19 men women and children, including Wills, were killed by Aboriginal Australian people, the Kairi or Gayiri, in the Cullin-La-Ringo massacre, the largest massacre of European settlers by Aborigines in Australian history. At least 15 Aboriginal men, women and children were killed by the Queensland Native Police and militias of local European colonists and their employees, in a series of reprisals over the months that followed. However, the massacre of the 19 European family members was itself a retaliatory response to an earlier shooting of fugitive murderer who was Gayiri tribesman by Jesse Gregson (manager of nearby Rainsworth Station) with Second Lieutenant Alfred March Patrick and Native Police Troops in his command. Prior to the massacre of the 19 colonists, Second Lieutenant Patrick had complained, in early 1861, to Charles Dutton (lessee of Bauhinia Downs pastoral lease 148 km south-east of Springsure) that other officers in the Queensland Native Police "...had been able to bag their first Aborigine after only a few weeks in the Force; he had served for six months and still had not yet killed a black." The Old Rainworth Fort was built in 1862 by the colonists of Springsure in order to defend themselves from future raids by Aboriginals. Horatio's son, star cricketer and Australian rules football pioneer Tom Wills, survived the massacre, and remained on site until 1864.
On 6 December 1919, the Springsure State School Memorial Fountain was dedicated by Mrs Annie Wheeler (née Laurie), a former pupil at the school. The memorial is a marble fountain and commemorates students of the school who served in World War I.
On 16 November 1943 a Douglas C-47A Skytrain broke up in mid-air during a violent storm in the area, and crashed on Rewan Station, just south of Spingsure. All 19 people on board the aircraft perished in the crash.
Springsure State School opened on 14 March 1870.
Springsure has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 13 Woodbine Street: Springsure Hospital Museum
- Wealwandangie Road, Cairdbeign: Old Rainworth Stone Store
A cliff face in the hills surrounding Springsure is known to the area as Virgin Rock, named because it once looked like the Virgin Mary cradling the baby Jesus, although years of erosion have blurred the original resemblance.
Facilities at Springsure include an airport, caravan park, hospital, motocross track, police station, service station and showground.
Springsure is the hub for several coal mines such as the Minerva Mine and the Rolleston Mine. Significant exploration is ongoing in the district. It is also a staging point for expeditions to the Carnarvon National Park.
- John Denis Fryer after whom the Fryer Library at the University of Queensland is named
- John Humphreys, Olympic fencer
- Roy Moore, U.S. judge and Senate candidate, worked on the Telemon cattle station outside town in 1984.
- Keith Slater, Anglican priest in Springsure, later Bishop of Grafton
- Theophilus Wilson, cricketer
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Springsure (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- "Springsure - town in Central Highlands Region (entry 31998)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
- "Springsure - locality in Central Highlands Region (entry 46976)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
- "ROCKHAMPTON". The Courier. Brisbane: National Library of Australia. 11 November 1861. p. 2. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- T. Bottoms (2013) Conspiracy of Silence: Queensland's frontier killing times, Allen & Unwin, pp.53-54
- T Bottoms (2013) Conspiracy of Silence: Queensland's frontier killing times, Allen & Unwin, p.54
- G. Reid, "From Hornet Bank to Cullin-La-Ringo", Royal Historical Society of Queensland, 18 May 1981, p.69
- "SOLDIERS' MEMORIAL MARBLE FOUNTAIN". The Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia. 13 December 1919. p. 7. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- "Springsure State School Memorial Fountain". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- Dunn, Peter. "16 NOVEMBER 1943 CRASH OF A C-47A DAKOTA ON REWAN STATION SOUTH OF SPRINGSURE, QLD". www.AustraliaAtWar.com. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
- "Opening and closing dates of Queensland schools". Education Queensland. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- "Springsure Hospital Museum (entry 600025)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Old Rainworth Stone Store (entry 600026)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Locations". Central Highlands Regional Council. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Branch locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
- "Annual Report" (PDF). Education Queensland. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- "Springsure State School". Education Queensland. Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
Media related to Springsure at Wikimedia Commons