|Population||21,714 (2016 census)|
|• Density||1,939/km2 (5,021/sq mi)|
|Area||11.2 km2 (4.3 sq mi)|
|LGA(s)||City of Greater Dandenong|
Springvale (Boonwurrung: Monite) is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 22 km (14 mi) southeast of the Melbourne central business district. Its local government area is the City of Greater Dandenong. At the 2016 census, Springvale had a population of 21,714.
Springvale is a large suburb occupying 11.2 km2 (4.3 sq mi), bounded by Westall Road to the west, Princes Highway and Police Road to the north, the Springvale Crematorium and Corrigan Road to the northeast, Heatherton Road to the south and Lawn Road to the southeast. Springvale is linked to the Melbourne CBD by Monash Freeway via the Ferntree Gully Road exit to the suburb's northwest.
The municipal area of Springvale is at the doorstep of the Dandenong Ranges National Park. The area contained natural springs which were a permanent water source for stock and travellers moving between Melbourne and Dandenong, giving rise to the suburb's name.
In the 1840s, Springvale was the residence of Christian Ludolph Johannes De Villiers; a South-African leader of the Native Police. De Villiers founded an inn 'No-Good-Damper' in the area which was infamous for bushranger attacks. No-Good-Damper was named for the practice of locals killing Aboriginal people by lacing sacks of flour with poison; the Aboriginal people were forced to steal flour for food as settlers destroyed and displaced them from their hunting grounds.
In the 1850s, a Spring Vale Hotel was built by Matthew Bergin near a newly surveyed route between Oakleigh and Dandenong at what is now the intersection of Princes Highway and Springvale Road. However, it did not develop into a settlement. Nearby, a blacksmith shop and a rest house for travellers was established by the Young Family.
The first Springvale Post Office opened on 12 September 1864 and closed in 1892. This office had been superseded by Springvale Railway Station office (opened 1887) which was renamed Springvale in 1902. A Springvale North Post Office was also open between 1946 and 1978.
In 1886, land was subdivided near the railway station and the area began to grow. By the 1920s the Spring Vale community had a lodge, brass band, a recreation reserve, a mechanics' institute, a few shops and some houses in the township. A picture theatre opened in 1924. At the outbreak of the Second World War, Springvale was a pastoral, residential and industrial township with market gardens in the surrounding areas. Sand extraction industries were active, lasting until the 1990s.
The clearest indication of postwar residential growth occurred in the early 1960s when Rockman's Shopwell department store was built, and later when shops on the east side of Springvale Road were removed for road widening. Housing growth was rapid and estates with made roads and services replaced unserviced subdivisions. The new Sandown racecourse site was opened in 1961 for both horse and motor-car racing.
During the 1970s and 1980s, many Vietnamese people moved to Springvale as a result of displacement during the events in the Vietnam War. Today, they make up the largest ethnic group in the area and Springvale is renown for its Vietnamese shops, markets, and community. Nonetheless, Springvale is one of the most diverse suburbs in Australia.
Springvale was once a city in its own right, but a local government boundary reshuffle in December 1994, saw part of the municipality amalgamated into the City of Greater Dandenong and the rest merged into the new City of Kingston.
On the north of the Princes Highway is the Springvale Crematorium and Necropolis. Next to the Crematorium is an area of housing and the original Springvale primary school near where Centre and Springvale Roads cross Princes Highway.
The suburb is mostly residential, although some small industrial areas are scattered through the suburb's northwest and northeast. Eastern Springvale contains Springvale Crematorium and Necropolis, one of Melbourne's three main cemeteries, and the Sandown motor raceway.
In 2014, Springvale had an estimated population of approximately 20,200. The residents of this suburb have higher levels of migrant settlement, cultural diversity and more limited English proficiency than Greater Dandenong, lower median incomes and lower rates of early school-leaving. The 2011 Census found that 69% of Springvale residents were born overseas, higher than for Greater Dandenong and more than double the corresponding metropolitan proportion (33%). Among the 99 birthplaces of its residents were Vietnam (21%), India (11%), Cambodia (5%) and China (5%). Rates of migrant settlement are relatively high, with 8% of residents having arrived in Australia within the previous 2.5 years – similar to the figure for Greater Dandenong, of 7%.
Languages other than English are spoken by 79% of Springvale residents – compared with 64% for Greater Dandenong. 22% have limited fluency in the use of spoken English, higher than the municipal level of 14% and over five times the metropolitan level of 4%. Among the major religious faiths are Buddhism, adhered to by 27.3% of residents, and Catholicism (21%).
Of the 6,489 homes in Springvale, 16% are flats, less than the proportion across Greater Dandenong of 21%, though more than the metropolitan level of 11%. 61% of homes are owned or being purchased by their occupants – less than the metropolitan level of 71%.
Springvale is split between the electorates of Clarinda (held by Meng Heang Tak), Keysborough (held by Martin Pakula) and Mulgrave (held by state premier Daniel Andrews), all Labor seats with a large margin.
Springvale was divided between the Springvale Central and Springvale North wards of the City of Greater Dandenong, represented respectively by Youhorn Chea (a councillor since 1997) and Alan Gordon. Springvale and Springvale South now form most of the Lightwood Ward of the City of Greater Dandenong.
Springvale Neighbourhood House was established in 1983 with the aim of providing a resource centre for self-help, social, cultural and action groups. Over 40 self-help groups meet at the house, including ESL, Computer and Horticulture classes and celebrations such as Refugee Week, Sumnation and Adult Learners Week.
- Springvale railway station, in the suburb's center, servicing the shopping district around Springvale Road.
- Sandown Park railway station, in the suburb's southeast, servicing the Sandown Racecourse/Raceway and the Sandown Park Greyhound Racing Track.
Several bus routes also run through the suburb, including:
- Ventura Bus Route 705 to Mordialloc.
- Ventura Bus Route 811 to Dandenong railway station and Brighton.
- Ventura Bus Route 813 to Dandenong railway station and Waverley Gardens Shopping Centre.
- Ventura Bus Route 814 to Dandenong railway station and Springvale South (Spring Valley Park).
- Ventura Bus Route 885 to Glen Waverley railway station.
- SmartBus Route 902 to Westfield Airport West shopping center and Chelsea railway station.
- Athol Road Primary School
- Heatherhill Primary School
- Springvale Rise Primary School
- Springvale campus
- Springvale Heights campus
- Spring Parks Primary School, Valley Campus
- Spring Parks Primary School, West Campus
- St. Joseph's School
- Minaret College, Springvale campus
- Keysborough Primary School
Sandown International Motor Raceway incorporates a motor racing track with permanent pit and grandstand facilities. It hosts a number of major car races every year including the Sandown 500, a key event in the V8 Supercar series, and formerly the Sandown Challenge. The raceway is accessible by cars from the Princes Highway and within walking distance from the Sandown Park railway station. The Sandown Racecourse is co-located with the motor raceway, and is one of the four horse racing venues in Melbourne. On the other (southwestern) side of the Pakenham-Cranbourne line railway is the Sandown Park Greyhound Racing Track, one of the most (if not the most) prestigious greyhound racing venue in Victoria and Australia, and hosts the prominent events such as the TAB Melbourne Cup.
The Victorian branch of the Sporting Shooters Association of Australia (SSAA) operates the SSAA Springvale Range — the only handgun/rifle shooting range in metropolitan Melbourne that is open daily to non-licensed members of the general public, located on the north side of the Princes Highway just west of the Springvale Botanical Cemetery. The range consists of two 50 m (55 yd) outdoor rifle ranges (though only one is regularly available) that allow only air rifles and .22 LR rimfire rifles, as well as one 10 m (11 yd) indoor airgun range and four 25 m (27 yd) handgun ranges. It is one of the main shooting sport and police training facilities in Victoria, and also hosts the separately administered Sporting Shooters Pistol Club (SSPC), the state's second largest handgun club (after the Oakleigh Pistol Club in Clayton South).
Landmarks and notable places
- Kenny Athiu - Professional footballer, currently playing at Sri Pahang F.C, and formerly a player for Melbourne Victory.
- Van Tuong Nguyen - Convicted heroin smuggler, executed in Singapore on 2 December 2005.
- Members of the Australian alternative band TISM originated from the suburb.
- City of Springvale - the former local government area
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Springvale (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- Clark, Ian D. (2002). Dictionary of Aboriginal placenames of Victoria. Heydon, Toby, 1972-, Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corp. for Languages. ISBN 0-9579360-2-8. OCLC 54913331.
- Rizzetti, Janine (25 April 2009). "No Good Damper".
- Johnstone, Philip (February 2018). "History Here 222 - Journal of the Waverley Historical Society" (PDF).
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
- Cooke, Dewi (6 February 2008). "Tension still simmers in Springvale melting pot, study says". The Age. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
- Springvale, - Travelmate
- Map 79, Melway (33rd edition, 2006), ISSN 0311-3957.
- Divisions of Hotham and Bruce (Polling Places), Australian Electoral Commission, last updated 9 November 2005. Retrieved 2006-12-13
- Councillors, City of Greater Dandenong. Retrieved 2006-12-13
- Full Point Footy, Southern Football League, retrieved 21 October 2008