The Springwater Corridor Trail is a bicycle and pedestrian rail trail in the Portland metropolitan area in Oregon, United States. It follows a former railway line from Boring through Gresham to Portland, where it ends south of the Eastbank Esplanade. Most of the corridor, about 21 miles (34 km) long, consists of paved, off-street trail, though about 1 mile (1.6 km) overlaps city streets in Portland's Sellwood neighborhood. A large segment roughly follows the course of Johnson Creek and crosses it on bridges many times. Much of the corridor was acquired by the City of Portland in 1990; remaining segments were acquired by Metro thereafter.
The Portland Traction Company operated rail service from Portland to Boring from 1903 until 1989. Passenger service peaked in 1906 and ended in 1958. Oaks Amusement Park—and five other city parks—were built to encourage weekend passenger traffic. Freight trains brought farm produce into Portland.
When the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) began a project to widen Oregon Highway 99E, a new, expensive overpass was required for the rail line. Citing low traffic volumes, construction was refused and the line was put up for sale. This was of great interest to the 40-Mile Loop Trust, a conservation effort formed in 1981 to build a trail around Portland connecting its many parks. Planned since 1904, it had made little progress. The Trust proved effective at getting many key governmental agencies to work with each other. Its representatives called upon the Southern Pacific and Union Pacific railroads, co-owners of the abandoned line, to transfer the land to the Trust. This matter was subject of a battle between on-line railroad shippers and Metro. However, by 1990, the deal was completed, and represented a significant step in the completion of the Loop.
During master planning in 1991 for conversion, the projected use of the corridor was 400,000 people annually, distributed as 56% bicycling, 36% walking, 9% jogging, and 3% equestrian. By 2003, usage was expected to exceed one million users per year.
Prior to paving, much of the trail was suitable for mountain biking.
Construction of the east–west segment of the trail between Oregon Highway 99E and Gresham was completed in 1996. An additional mile east of Gresham was built in 2000. In 2005, a 3-mile (4.8 km) north–south "Springwater on the Willamette" segment opened between central Portland and the Sellwood Bridge along the Willamette River. Unlike the other sections of the trail, the rail line remained, separated by a fence. The line is currently operated by the Oregon Pacific Railroad.
In 2003, Portland was one of 25 cities that received a $200,000 grant from Active Living by Design to promote urban planning that encourages physical activity. Some of the money was allocated to a Lents Station interpretive trailhead along the Springwater Corridor. The last significant section of the trail was completed ahead of schedule in summer 2006, when the construction of three new bridges over Johnson Creek, Oregon Highway 99E and a railroad line, allowing users to cross them without having to detour and mix with traffic on busy streets.
In 2006, the City of Portland rejected a development proposal for a property that did not include an easement for a greenway along the Willamette River, and would have prevented completion of a planned connection between the Springwater Trail and the Eastbank Esplanade. The easement requirement was upheld by the Oregon Court of Appeals on February 13, 2008.
As of 2012, a one-mile gap in the Sellwood area remains, but there were plans to reduce it. This segment was one of the parks and trails recommended for funding by a Metro advisory panel in 2001.
In 2013, paving was completed on a 2.25 miles (3.62 km) stretch from Rugg Road to Boring Station Trailhead Park. There is a proposal to continue this trail to connect the 40-Mile Loop to the Pacific Crest Trail via the Cazadero Trail.
A longstanding controversy about the corridor involves camping by homeless people. In an article published in early 2016 by Bike Portland, aggression by campers toward bicyclists using the trail increased between 2011 and 2016. Cyclists—citing verbal threats, broken glass on the trail, trash in the adjacent greenery, and signs of illegal drug use—expressed concerns for their personal safety. On the other hand, a recent Idaho court decision[note 1] and a more strict anti-discrimination Oregon law[note 2] made law enforcement officers reluctant to take action. At issue was the possibility that homelessness might itself become criminalized and punished in violation of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution. In September 2016 the City of Portland removed about 100 campers from settlements along a 14-mile (23 km) stretch of the corridor in the southeast part of the city. Despite protests by the campers, the removal went "relatively smoothly though many campers said they had no other place to go and it remained unclear what impact the sweep had on the city’s overall issue of homelessness." The total number of homeless men, women, and children in Multnomah County, including Portland, has been estimated at about 4,000, including about 1,800 who generally sleep outside.
|S.E. Fourth Ave. and S.E. Ivon St. trailhead||0.0||0||51||16|
|S.E. Umatilla St. (temporary trail end)||3.1||5.0||70||21|
|S.E. 19th Ave. and Ochoco St. (trail resumes)||4.2||6.8||73||22|
|Tideman Johnson Natural Area||5.1||8.2||103||31|
|S.E. 267th Ave. and S.E. Rugg Rd. trail access||18.9||30.4||427||130|
|Boring (paved in 2013)||21||34||517||158|
Corridor adjacent to Tideman Johnson Natural Area
- Bell v. City of Boise, 993 F. Supp. 2d 1237, No. 1:09-cv-540-REB (D. Idaho 2014) Janet F. Bell, et al., Plaintiffs, v. City of Boise, et al.
- 2015 House Bill 2002
- "Springwater Corridor". Portland Parks & Recreation. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- Tsui, Bonnie (October 22, 2004). "Running on Trails, Not the Mean Streets". New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- "Springwater Corridor Map" (PDF). Portland Parks & Recreation. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- Cohen, Scott. "Springwater Corridor". Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- "Springwater Corridor, SE Ivon St to Boring, Oregon". Portland Parks & Recreation. Retrieved July 13, 2009.
- Charles E. Little (1990). Greenways for America. JHU Press. pp. 76–80. ISBN 0-8018-5140-8. Retrieved May 30, 2008.
- Tomlinson, Stuart (August 26, 2007). "On Springwater's Open Road, There's Lots to See". The Oregonian.
- "Foster Auto Parts v. City of Portland, 15 P.3d 573 (Or. App., 1998)". December 6, 2000. Retrieved May 31, 2008.
- George M. Hudson, Landscape Architect, former City of Portland Park Planner, Trail Program Manager. "Case Study No. 32, Portland, Oregon". PEDSAFE, Trail Intersection Improvements. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 13, 2009.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Norris, Mike (May 14, 2002). "Mountain Biking in Portland". Daily Vanguard.
- Curl, Aimee (April 12, 2003). "Portland Receives Funds to Design for Active Living". Daily Journal of Commerce.
- Johns, Anna (April 18, 2006). "Getting Close to Closure". Portland Tribune. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
- Jenniges, Amy (June 29, 2006). "War Path: Property Owner Kicks up Stink over Public Trail". The Portland Mercury. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- Law, Steve (March 18, 2008). "Ruling Clears Way for Riverfront Link". Portland Tribune. Retrieved 2014-10-23.
- "Sellwood Gap Shrinks with Help from Voter-Approved Natural Areas Program". Metro Regional Government. 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- "Metro Closes More Than Half of the Sellwood Gap, Allowing the Springwater Corridor to Expand in Southeast Portland". Metro Regional Government. September 23, 2010. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- Vesbach, Jeremy (December 11, 2001). "15 Local Sites Suggested for New Parks". Daily Journal of Commerce.
- "Springwater Corridor Trail". Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- "40-Mile Loop map". 40-Mile Loop Land Trust. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- Maus, Jonathan (January 14, 2016). "Springwater Path Users Feel Threatened by Campers; Police Say Their Hands Are Tied". Bike Portland. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
- Ashton, Tiffany (November 19, 2015). "Arrested for Being Homeless: Anomaly or Reality?". University of Baltimore Law Review. Archived from the original on May 13, 2016. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
- "House Bill 2002; Relating to Public Safety; Declaring an Emergency. Directs Law Enforcement Agencies to Adopt Written Policies and Procedures Prohibiting Profiling by January 1, 2016". Your Government. The Oregonian. July 13, 2015.
- "Images, Events That Dominated the News". The Oregonian. December 28, 2016. p. A-10. Retrieved February 17, 2017 – via NewsBank. (Subscription required (help)).
- Totten, Michael J. "Portland's Homeless Challenge". City Journal. Manhattan Institute for Policy Research (Winter 2016). Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- Geolocated with Google Earth
- Moore, Jim (2012). 75 Classic Rides Oregon: The Best Road Biking Routes. Seattle: The Mountaineers Books. pp. 98–101. ISBN 978-1-59485-650-1.
- Derived from Google Earth
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Springwater Corridor Trail.|
- The Abandoned Portland Traction Company Springwater Division & the Boring Branch from Abandoned Railroads of the Pacific Northwest
- Video on volunteers working with the Lents Springwater Habitat Restoration Project
- Video from bicycle on May 2013 westward from Boring to SE 17th street in Sellwood
- Pre-2013 version of the 40-Mile Loop Map from the 40-Mile Loop Land Trust