Springwood, New South Wales

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Springwood
New South Wales
(1)Braemar.jpg
Braemar (1892)
Springwood is located in New South Wales
Springwood
Springwood
Coordinates 33°42′0″S 150°33′0″E / 33.70000°S 150.55000°E / -33.70000; 150.55000Coordinates: 33°42′0″S 150°33′0″E / 33.70000°S 150.55000°E / -33.70000; 150.55000
Population 8,437 (2011 census)
Established circa 1815
Postcode(s) 2777
Elevation 371 m (1,217 ft)
Location 72 km (45 mi) west of Sydney
LGA(s) City of Blue Mountains
State electorate(s) Blue Mountains
Federal Division(s) Macquarie
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.4 °C
72 °F
11.9 °C
53 °F
1,086.3 mm
42.8 in
Localities around Springwood:
Faulconbridge Faulconbridge Yellow Rock
Faulconbridge Springwood Valley Heights
Yellow Rock

Springwood is a town in the Blue Mountains, New South Wales, Australia. Springwood is located 72 kilometres west of Sydney in the local government area of the City of Blue Mountains. At the 2011 census, Springwood had a population of 8,437 people.[1]

Springwood is near the Blue Mountains National Park and the Greater Blue Mountains Area World Heritage Site. It is 371 metres above sea level and, like most of the towns in the vicinity, is located on a narrow ridge between two gorges. Winmalee is to the north. Springwood railway station sits between Valley Heights and Faulconbridge on the Blue Mountains railway line.

History[edit]

The Springwood area was first occupied by the Oryang-Ora aboriginal clan belonging to the wider Darug aboriginal tribe of the wider Sydney region. Their existence in the area dates back to approx 40,000 years of settlement with many rock carvings & art sites in the area. At the time of settlement the Chief of the clan was Oryang Jack who was drawn by French Artist Pellier (Ref Mitchell Library) Oryang-Ora was also the reference to the area that marked the dividing ridge line between the Darug tribes of the north and the Gundungurra tribes to the south in the Blue Mountains area.

In 1815, Governor Lachlan Macquarie and his wife stopped by what Macquarie called a spring. The place was later named Springwood: "Spring" from the springs in the area, and "wood" from the local Mountain Blue Gums (Eucalyptus deanei) of the area.[2] As a town developed, the main street was named Macquarie Road, after Governor Macquarie.

The first railway line was put through the Blue Mountains in 1867, and the Springwood station was built in 1868. This station was replaced by a more substantial building in the Victorian Gothic style, constructed in 1884 under the direction of John Whitton, Chief Engineer of NSW Railways; a porter's cottage was constructed just west of the station. Springwood Station is the second-oldest surviving station in the Blue Mountains. It is listed on the Register of the National Estate[3] as well as having a New South Wales heritage listing.[4]

In 1892, James Hunter Lawson built Braemar, a large, single-storey house situated on a sixty-acre property on Macquarie Road. Braemar started as a family residence, but later became a convalescent home, a boarding house, a private home again and a guesthouse. It was acquired by the Blue Mountains City Council in 1974, restored as a Bicentennial project and reopened in 1988. It serves as a community gallery and centre, staffed by volunteers. The local library is housed in a new building behind Braemar.[5]

Christ Church Anglican Church was built on the Great Western Highway from 1888–89, with extensions in the 1960s and 1980s. It was designed by the architect Sir John Sulman, who had a holiday residence at Lawson. Designed in the Victorian Academic Gothic style, the church is the oldest Anglican church building in the Blue Mountains and is heritage-listed.[6] The house originally built as a vicarage, but only used as a private residence known as Southall, is also heritage-listed.[7] The Presbyterian Church building, a sandstone Gothic building located on Macquarie Road, was built in 1895. The Catholic community was originally part of the Penrith parish, but were given their own building in 1892: St Thomas Aquinas Church. The church has since relocated to St Columba's grounds, Winmalee.

October 2013 bushfires[edit]

A small part of Springwood, along with larger parts of the adjacent town of Winmalee and nearby village of Yellow Rock were badly affected by bushfires in October 2013. 193 residential properties were destroyed, and 109 damaged in those localities.[8]

Commercial area and transport[edit]

Springwood Station (1884)

Springwood's commercial area centres around Macquarie Road which runs parallel to the Great Western Highway and the railway line.

Education[edit]

The town is serviced by three high schools, Springwood High School, Winmalee High School and St. Columba's High School, as well as private and selective high schools in other suburbs. Springwood is also serviced by five primary schools: Ellison Public School, Faulconbridge Public School, Winmalee Public School, Springwood Public School and St Thomas Aquinas Primary School.

Churches[edit]

Christ Church Anglican Church (1888-89)
  • Anglican Churches Springwood[10] [The parish centres include Christ Church Anglican Church (1888) and the Factory (2004)]
  • Springwood Baptist[11]
  • Springwood Presbyterian[12] meeting at Frazer Presbyterian Church (1895)
  • Springwood Salvation Army[13]
  • Springwood Uniting Church[14]
  • St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic Church
  • Lutheran Springwood[15]
  • Soma Blue Mountains[16]
  • Strong Nation Churches (Blue Mountains)[17]

Climate[edit]

Despite its location in the temperate oceanic Blue Mountains region, Springwood has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Unlike the upper Blue Mountains area, it generally has mild winters and warm summers. Although Springwood's elevation is at 371 m (1,217 ft), its winter nights are warmer than those of Penrith and Richmond in the lower Sydney metropolitan area, which lie on the footsteps of the Blue Mountains. This is mainly because cool air from the mountains sinks to the Cumberland Plain, thus cooling these suburbs at night. Unlike these aforementioned Sydney suburbs, which border the Blue Mountains, Springwood has a higher annual rainfall amount.[18]

Furthermore, Springwood can suffer bushfire damage during the spring and summer months due to it being located in, and surrounded by, a predominant eucalyptus woodland area which encompass the Blue Mountains region.[19]

Climate data for Springwood (Valley Heights)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.1
(111.4)
39.7
(103.5)
35.5
(95.9)
34.3
(93.7)
27.6
(81.7)
22.0
(71.6)
24.5
(76.1)
27.0
(80.6)
32.5
(90.5)
36.9
(98.4)
43.5
(110.3)
40.1
(104.2)
44.1
(111.4)
Average high °C (°F) 28.4
(83.1)
26.5
(79.7)
25.2
(77.4)
22.0
(71.6)
19.4
(66.9)
16.0
(60.8)
15.9
(60.6)
17.9
(64.2)
21.3
(70.3)
23.9
(75)
25.7
(78.3)
26.3
(79.3)
22.4
(72.3)
Average low °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
16.9
(62.4)
15.4
(59.7)
12.3
(54.1)
9.3
(48.7)
7.8
(46)
6.4
(43.5)
7.0
(44.6)
9.4
(48.9)
11.6
(52.9)
14.2
(57.6)
15.2
(59.4)
11.9
(53.4)
Record low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
10.0
(50)
8.9
(48)
4.2
(39.6)
2.1
(35.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.9
(35.4)
3.1
(37.6)
4.7
(40.5)
6.7
(44.1)
8.2
(46.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 126.8
(4.992)
139.1
(5.476)
125.0
(4.921)
89.1
(3.508)
71.7
(2.823)
78.2
(3.079)
55.6
(2.189)
53.6
(2.11)
55.0
(2.165)
72.9
(2.87)
95.9
(3.776)
101.9
(4.012)
1,086.3
(42.768)
Average precipitation days 11.0 11.0 11.1 8.6 7.4 7.4 6.1 6.4 7.2 8.5 9.7 10.5 104.9
Source: Bureau of Meteorology (2006- averages, rainfall 1883-)[20]

Celebrations and events[edit]

The town's annual celebration, Foundation Day, occurs in late March to early April.[21]

Springwood is also the site of a notable ANZAC Day Parade.

The Blue Mountains Vietnam Veterans' Association conducts the largest annual parade and Memorial Service for Vietnam veterans in Australasia[22] at Springwood, on the third Sunday of August, to coincide with the anniversary of the Battle of Long Tan.

Springwood Australia Day Festival, conducted by Lower Mountains Fundraising Events Inc., is held in the grounds of Springwood Public School and involves local entertainers on 2 stages, Food and Market Stalls and Amusement Rides.[23]

Springwood Springtopia Festival is held on the first Saturday of September with a similar format to Australia Day.[23]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Community Arts Centre

Springwood has some parklands with bushwalks often leading into wilderness areas. Fairy Dell is located immediately south of the township and has some tracks leading into the Blue Mountains World Heritage area. The Deanei Reserve is another bushland area which is located east of the township and hosts the threatened and endangered Blue Mountains Shalecap Forest. There are also bushland walks in this bushland Reserve.

Buttenshaw Park is also a recreational area which hosts an arboretum, play structures and the Springwood Pool.

Summerhayes Park is a public reserve located in Winmalee, which is used for sport and recreational activities. Its facilities include tennis and netball courts, a newly built skate park and fields for Football (soccer) both local (NDSFA) and Representative (FNSW) all year round. It is the home of Springwood United Football Club (formerly Springwood Soccer & Sports Club) [8] and Springwood Netball Club. Summerhayes Park has diverse native flora and fauna and contains many threatened/endangered species and ecological communities. It is also a bushwalking area with many tracks, vistas and aboriginal archeological sites.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Valley Heights Locomotive Depot Heritage Museum is the home of the oldest remaining roundhouse in New South Wales, located 500 m from the eastern Springwood town boundary.

Population[edit]

Springwood's GP Superclinic

Springwood is the largest town in the lower Blue Mountains. According to the 2011 Census, there were 8437 people living in Springwood including 3909 males (46.3%) and 4528 females (53.7%). The majority (80.9%) were born in Australia. The indigenous populace of Springwood is 146 or 1.7% of the total population. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 25.1%, Catholic 23.6%, Anglican 22.5%, Presbyterian and Reformed 4.6% and Baptist 4.1%.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Springwood (State Suburb' 2011 Census QuickStats)". abs.com.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 October 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Origin of Blue Mountains Town Names". Blue Mountains City Council. 14 August 2006. Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  3. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/13
  4. ^ "Springwood Railway Station Group". NSW Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  5. ^ "Braemar Gallery". Blue Mountains Cultural Centre - a business unit of Blue Mountains City Council. Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  6. ^ "Christ Church Anglican Church". NSW Government Heritage site. Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "Sp. 012 Southall". NSW Government Heritage site. Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  8. ^ "Watch and Act - Linksview Road Fire, Springwood (Blue Mountains) 19/10/13 11:40". New South Wales Rural Fire Service. 19 October 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "Blue Mountains Transit". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  10. ^ "Anglican Churches Springwood". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "Springwood Baptist Church". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "Springwood Winmalee Presbyterian Church". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "Springwood Salvation Army". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "Springwood Uniting Church". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "Lutheran Church of Our Saviour - Springwood". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  16. ^ "SOMA Blue Mountains". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "Strong Nation Churches (Blue Mountains)". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  18. ^ Blue Mountains City Council: Weddings in the City of the Blue Mountains
  19. ^ Blue Mountains City Council: Jackson Park Draft Plan of Management (2005) -- 4km west of Springwood
  20. ^ "Climate statistics for Springwood (Valley Heights)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "Springwood Foundation Day". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  22. ^ "Blue Mountains Vietnam Veterans website". 
  23. ^ a b "Lower Mountains Fundraising Events Inc.". Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  24. ^ "Springwood (State Suburb' 2011 Census QuickStats)". abs.com.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 October 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2013.