Sproxton, Leicestershire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Sproxton (disambiguation).
Sproxton
The old school, Sproxton - geograph.org.uk - 700813.jpg
Sproxton Village Hall
Sproxton is located in Leicestershire
Sproxton
Sproxton
Sproxton shown within Leicestershire
Population 658 (2011)
OS grid reference SK855245
Civil parish
  • Sproxton
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MELTON MOWBRAY
Postcode district LE14
Dialling code 01476
Police Leicestershire
Fire Leicestershire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Leicestershire
52°48′41″N 0°43′50″W / 52.81137°N 0.730609°W / 52.81137; -0.730609Coordinates: 52°48′41″N 0°43′50″W / 52.81137°N 0.730609°W / 52.81137; -0.730609

Sproxton (/ˈsprsən/) is a village and civil parish within the Borough of Melton in Leicestershire, England, close to the border with Lincolnshire. It has a population of 480,[1] rising to 658 (including Coston, Saltby and Stonesby) at the 2011 census.[2]

The village and civil parish are not coterminous; the parish includes the villages of Sproxton, Saltby, Stonesby, Bescaby, and the former RAF Saltby. The River Eye runs through the parish. Nearby places are Waltham on the Wolds, Croxton Kerrial, Coston, Buckminster, and Skillington (in Lincolnshire).

The Viking Way runs close by. Nearby is Sproxton Quarry SSSI.

The 14th-century parish church of St Bartholomew, extended and restored in 1882 by architect Henry Woodyer, is a Grade II* listed building.[3] There is evidence of Norman building in the west wall of the south aisle and the tower is 13th-century. The top part of the tower was rebuilt in the restoration of 1882. There is a Saxon cross in the churchyard - the only complete one in Leicestershire.[4]

A post mill stood at Sproxton. The mill was rebuilt in 1889 after it blew down and killed the miller. Wakes & Lamb of Newark rebuilt the mill using materials from the old mill and from one at Castle Bytham. It was wrecked by the gales of March 1916, but repaired. By 1920 it was out of use and was demolished in 1949[5] when owned by Mr T.A.Mount.

Quarrying[edit]

Quarrying for iron ore was carried out at Sproxton from 1925 to 1973 and for limestone from 1965 to 1969. The stone was taken away by a railway, construction of which was started in about 1922 by the Great Northern Railway. The line was an extension of the branch from the main line at High Dyke to Stainby. The terminus was on the east side of the Sproxton to Saltby road. It was planned to extend the line to Waltham Station but this extension was never opened.[6]

The first quarry was for iron ore close to the road between the railway and Sproxton Church and worked its way eastwards until 1961. The quarry was extended eastwards and southwards between 1965 and 1968 but for the getting of limestone rather than iron ore. A second iron ore quarry operated on the south side of the Skillington road between 1961 and 1973, again working eastwards. A further iron ore quarry was worked on the north side of the railway between 1962 and 1963 again working eastward fro the Saltby road. The ore was taken to the railway by standard gauge tramways, worked by horses from 1925 to 1928, then by a petrol engined locomotive and from 1931 by steam locomotives. From 1961 some of the ore was taken to the railway by lorry and from October 1963 the last of the tramways was abandoned and all of the stone was taken to the railway by lorry. Steam quarrying machines were used until 1940 when electric and diesel machines were introduced.[7]

Some of the quarried area has been restored for agriculture (in places it looks hummocky).Some has been forested and the final gullets and the limestone quarry remain.There are traces of the railway and tipping dock.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Melton Retrieved 20 January 2010
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  3. ^ "Name: CHURCH OF ST BARTHOLOMEW List entry Number: 1294595". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Williamson, Elizabeth (1984 (second edition with corrections of 1992)). Leicestershire and Rutland. The Buildings of England. London: Penguin. pp. 383–4. ISBN 0-14-071018-3.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ Leicestershire Historian Spring 1971 www.le.ac.uk/lahs/downloads/LeicestershireHistorian-Vol.2No.1-Spring1971.pdf
  6. ^ Tonks, Eric (1992). The Ironstone Quarries of the Midlands Part 9- Leicestershire. Cheltenham: Runpast. pp. 193–6. ISBN 1-870754-08-5. 
  7. ^ a b Tonks. pp. 194–208. 

External links[edit]