Sprut anti-tank gun
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Sprut anti-tank gun
|Place of origin||Soviet Union/Russia|
|Used by||See operators|
|Designer||Petrov Design Bureau|
|Manufacturer||Artillery Plant Number 9|
|Mass||Transport: 6,500 kg (14,300 lb)|
Self-propelled: 6,800 kg (15,000 lb)
Firing: 6,575 kg (14,495 lb)
|Length||Transport: 7.12 m (23 ft 4 in)|
Self-propelled: 6.79 m (22 ft 3 in)
|Barrel length||Bore: 51 calibres|
Bore axis: 0.925 m (3 ft 0.4 in)
|Width||2.66 m (8 ft 9 in)|
|Height||Transport: 2.09 m (6 ft 10 in)|
Self-propelled: 2.35 m (7 ft 9 in)
|Caliber||125 mm (4.9 in)|
|Elevation||-6° to 25°|
|Rate of fire||6-8 rpm|
|Effective firing range||2,000 m (2,200 yd) (APFSDS)|
5,000 m (5,500 yd) (9M119 Svir ATGM)
12,200 m (13,300 yd) (HE)
|50 km (55,000 yd) (in APU mode)|
|Speed||14 km/h (8.7 mph) (in APU mode)|
The 2A45M was created in the late 1980s by the Petrov Design Bureau at Artillery Plant Number 9 (OKB-9), which was also responsible for the 122 mm howitzer 2A18 (D-30).
A feature of the Sprut-B is its integrated engine, which can propel the gun on relatively flat surfaces (up to 15 degrees of slope) and at 14 km/h on roads. This gives the gun a measure of mobility on the battlefield. It takes two minutes to go from firing position to travelling position and 90 seconds to go from travelling position to firing position. Such guns are known in Russian as "self-moving" (самодвижущиеся) as opposed to self-propelled (самоходные), and outside of battle it is towed by an MT-LB.
The gun features a crew of seven. An OP4M-48A direct fire sight is used the day, while a 1PN53-1 night-vision sight is used at night. For indirect fire, 2Ts33 iron sights are used, along with a PG-1m panoramic sight. The gun can reliably engage targets two metres high at a distance of 2,000 metres.
With the addition of the 9S53 laser fire-control system, the gun can fire laser guided projectiles such as the 9M119 Svir or 9K120 Refleks.
The gun uses the same ammunition as the D-81 series of guns used on the T-64, T-72, T-80 and T-90 tanks.
- 2A45 Sprut-A purely towed gun
- 2A45M Sprut-B self-propelled towed gun
- 2S25 Sprut-SD self-propelled gun mounted on the BMD-3 chassis with a turret mounting the stabilised 2A75 125 mm smoothbore gun
- Sprut-SDM1 Self-propelled gun with remote weapon station and fire control system.
- Hull, A.W., Markov, D.R., Zaloga, S.J. (1999). Soviet/Russian Armor and Artillery Design Practices 1945 to Present. Darlington Productions. ISBN 1-892848-01-5.
- Military Parade
- Enemy Forces
- 2A45M on manufacturer site
- Jane's Armour and Artillery 2002-2003
- "СПРУТ". Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Sprut". Retrieved 13 November 2014.