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Squamarina spec.jpg
Squamarina sp. growing in Warscheneck, Upper Austria.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Lecanoromycetes
Order: Lecanorales
Family: Stereocaulaceae
Genus: Squamarina
Type species
Squamarina gypsacea
(Sm.) Poelt

Many species worldwide, two found in North America:
S. cartilaginea
S. lentigera

Squamarina is a genus of lichens currently placed in the family Stereocaulaceae,[1] although it has recently been suggested that it may belong in the family Ramalinaceae.[2] The genus has a widespread distribution, and contains 28 species.[3] They form patches of radiating lobes or overlapping scales, with a well-developed upper cortex and no lower cortex.[4] They grow on calcareous soil and rocks.[4] Squamarina lentigera can be used to make a yellow dye.[5]


  1. ^ Lumbsch, H. T. and S.M. Huhndorf (ed.) 2007. Outline of Ascomycota – 2007. Myconet 13: 1 - 58.[1]
  2. ^ Ekman, Stefan, Heidi L. Andersen, and Mats Wedin. 2008. The limitations of ancestral state reconstruction and the evolution of the ascus in the Lecanorales (lichenized Ascomycota). Systematic Biology 57(1): 141–156.
  3. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi. (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. p. 659. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  4. ^ a b Sharnoff S, Brodo IM, Sharnoff SD (2001). Lichens of North America. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-08249-5. 
  5. ^ Brough, S. G. 1988. Navajo lichen dyes. Lichenologist 20(3): 279–290.

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