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Square rig

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Main-mast of a square-rigged brig, with all square sails set except the course

Square rig is a generic type of sail and rigging arrangement in which the primary driving sails are carried on horizontal spars which are perpendicular, or square, to the keel of the vessel and to the masts. These spars are called yards and their tips, outside the lifts, are called the yardarms.[1] A ship mainly rigged so is called a square-rigger.[2]

In 'Jackspeak' (Royal Navy slang) it also refers to the dress uniform of Junior Ratings.


The single-masted, square-rigged Humber keel performed well to windward.[3]: 54 

Single sail square rigs were used by the ancient Egyptians, the Phoenicians, the Greeks, the Romans, and the Celts. Later the Scandinavians, the Germanic peoples, and the Slavs adopted the single square-rigged sail, with it becoming one of the defining characteristics of the classic “Viking” ships.[4]

See also



  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  2. ^ Keegan, John (1989). The Price of Admiralty. New York: Viking. p. 280. ISBN 0-670-81416-4.
  3. ^ Mannering, Julian, ed. (1997). The Chatham directory of inshore craft : traditional working vessels of the British Isles. London: Chatham Pub. ISBN 1-86176-029-9.
  4. ^ The Viking ship's single square-rigged sail. http://Longshipco.org/sail.html Retrieved 2018-8-20