Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Jack Hannah|
|Produced by||Walt Disney|
|Story by||Rex Cox|
|Music by||Oliver Wallace|
|Animation by||Bob Carlson|
|Layouts by||Yale Gracey|
|Backgrounds by||Richard H. Thomas|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures|
Squatter's Rights is an animated short film produced in Technicolor by Walt Disney Productions and released to theaters on June 7, 1946 by RKO Radio Pictures. The cartoon is about a confrontation between Pluto and Chip and Dale who have taken up residence in Mickey Mouse's hunting shack. In 1947, it was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film at the 19th Academy Awards, but ultimately lost to The Cat Concerto, an MGM Tom and Jerry film, which shared one of 7 Oscars for the Tom and Jerry series.
The film was directed by Jack Hannah and features the voices of Dessie Flynn as Chip and Dale, and Pinto Colvig as Pluto. Mickey Mouse was voiced by both Walt Disney and Jimmy MacDonald making this the debut of MacDonald as Mickey. He would go on to provide Mickey's voice for over 30 years. It was also Mickey's first post-war appearance. With the exception of a very brief cameo in The Three Caballeros (1944), Mickey had not appeared in a theatrical film since Pluto and the Armadillo in 1943.
The chipmunks' Chip and Dale wake up one winter morning inside the wood stove they have made their home. The stove is located in Mickey Mouse's hunting shack (called "Mickey's Hydout") which appears to have been unoccupied for a while. Soon after, Mickey and Pluto arrive for the hunting season.
Pluto soon discovers that the stove is occupied by the chipmunks and helps Mickey build a fire to smoke them out. Chip and Dale realize what is happening and manage to blow out Mickey's matches and roll of newspaper before they can ignite the wood. Finally, Pluto gives Mickey a can of kerosene to use, which the chipmunks wouldn't be able to blow out. From a hiding place underneath the stove, the chipmunks take a match and burns Mickey's foot with it. Mickey assumes that Pluto is to blame (when the chipmunks shove the used match into Pluto's mouth) and scolds him (Mickey remains unaware of the chipmunks throughout the short), but immediately forgives him.
After Mickey leaves to get more wood, Pluto chases Chip and Dale across the room, with Chip hiding in Pluto's milk bowl and Pluto sucking up the milk, blowing Chip's cover. They lead Pluto across a table and mantle above the fireplace. Pluto accidentally gets his nose stuck in the muzzle of Mickey's Winchester Model 71 rifle which is hanging over the fireplace. As Pluto tries to pull his nose free, he finds one of the hooks on which the rifle is mounted, is directly in front of the trigger; the more Pluto pulls, the closer the rifle gets to going off in his face. Gradually the table which Pluto is standing on with his hind paws starts to slide back. Pluto falls and therefore causes the rifle to fire, which luckily misses him. He lands on the floor, with the rifle landing on his head and arm, momentarily knocking him unconscious. Chip and Dale then come and pour ketchup on him so that it would look like he is bleeding.
Suddenly, Mickey returns having heard the gunshot, and when he sees Pluto, he's given the shocking impression that the latter is dead. Pluto wakes up however and at first starts to comfort Mickey, but when he sees the ketchup, he starts to panic thinking it's his blood. Mickey hurriedly carries him off to find help, thus Chip and Dale regain working ownership over the property, rejoicing this fact.
- 1946 – theatrical release
- 1955 – Disneyland, episode #2.5: "Adventures of Mickey Mouse" (TV)
- 1975 – "Walt Disney's Cartoon Carousel" (TV)
- 1984 – "Cartoon Classics: More of Disney's Best 1932-1946" (VHS)
- c. 1992 – Mickey's Mouse Tracks, episode #72 (TV)
- 1997 – The Ink and Paint Club, episode #1.5: "Chip 'n' Dale" (TV)
- 2004 – "The Complete Pluto" (DVD)
- 2010 – iTunes (digital download)
- Kaufman, J.B.; Gerstein, David (2018). Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse: The Ultimate History. Cologne: Taschen. ISBN 978-3-8365-5284-4.
- In Squatter's Rights Colvig provides a very rare case of Pluto actually speaking. When Mickey asks "You wanna build a fire, don't ya?" Pluto responds "Yeah!"
- It was not, however, the last time Mickey was voiced by Walt Disney. Disney again partly voiced Mickey in Fun and Fancy Free and later in The Mickey Mouse Club.
- Squatter's Rights on IMDb
- Squatter's Rights at the Big Cartoon DataBase
- Squatter's Rights Archived 2012-02-06 at the Wayback Machine at The Encyclopedia of Animated Disney Shorts
- This transfer of ownership is the reference of the film's title "squatter's rights" which is a form of adverse possession.