It was dug in the mid-10th century, by initiative of Kavindrarimathana, Buddhist minister of Rajendravarman II. It was later modified around the year 1200 by Jayavarman VII,:125 who also added the laterite landing-stage at its western side, probably because the East Baray had been overwhelmed by sediment and had begun malfunctioning. French archeological expeditions have found a necropolis close to it.
At present Srah Srang measures 700 by 350 m and is still partially flooded. As other barays, maybe there was a temple standing on an artificial island in the middle of it, as suggested by finding of a basement. The landing-stage, opposite the entrance to Banteay Kdei, is a popular site for viewing the sunrise. It is cruciform, flanked by nāga balaustrades which end with the upright head of a serpent, mounted by a garuda with its wings unfurled. The steps that lead down to the water are flanked by two guardian lions.
A 1600 sq. meter cemetery was discovered at the north-west corner of the reservoir. Mortuary jars containing cremated remains and other artifacts dating from the reign of Udayadityavarman II were excavated by B.P. Groslier.:104
- Freeman, Michael. Jacques, Claude. Ancient Angkor. River Books 2006. ISBN 974-8225-27-5. p.151
- Higham, C., 2001, The Civilization of Angkor, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, ISBN 9781842125847
- Dumarçay, Jacques et al. Cambodian Architecture, Eight to Thirteenth Century. 2001. ISBN 90-04-11346-0. p.100
- Courbin, Paul. Les fouilles du Sras Srang in Dumarçay, Jacques. Documents graphiques de la Conservation d'Angkor, 1963-1972. EFEO. 1988
- Freeman, Michael. Jacques, Claude. Ancient Angkor. River Books 2006. ISBN 974-8225-27-5.
- Dumarçay, Jacques et al. Cambodian Architecture, Eight to Thirteenth Century. 2001. ISBN 90-04-11346-0.
- Photos of Srah Srang by M.A.Sullivan on Bluffton University website