Turajlić was Assistant Minister of Higher Education at the Ministry of Education and Sports of Serbia from 2001 to 2004 during the Cabinets of Zoran Đinđić and Zoran Živković. In 2017, Turajlić was a founding member of the Movement of Free Citizens led by Saša Janković.
Turajlić finished elementary and high school in Belgrade. As a graduate she was a member of the Yugoslav national team at the 6th International Mathematical Olympiad in 1964 in Moscow. She graduated from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering in Belgrade in 1969, received her magister degree in 1973 and received her doctorate in 1979. During her studies, she received student awards several times. She received scholarship from French government in Grenoble from 1974 to 1975. In 1982 she was elected Assistant Professor, as an Associate Professor in 1989. She served as a lecturer from 1984 to 1986 in Monterey, California. She was retired from the University of Belgrade in 2011.
She was an active member of the Otpor! Movement in the 1990s. She was the winner of the 2009 Osvajanje slobode Award, which is awarded by Maja Maršićević Tasić Foundation to contribute to the victory of democracy in Serbia. She has been included in the "100 Most Powerful Women in Serbia" list of daily newspapers Blic.
She was also Assistant Minister of Higher Education at the Ministry of Education and Sports from 2001 to 2004 under Minister Gašo Knežević.
- "The other Side of Everything". The Other Side of Everything. Retrieved 2017-12-25.
- "Srbijanka Turajlić: Teodorović nije napustio pokret nezadovoljan statusom". Danas. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
- Nagrada za fijasko – VREME (http://www.vreme.co.rs/cms/view.php?id=888982)
- 100 Most powerful women in Serbia (100 Najmoćnijih žena u Srbiji) – Blic (http://www.blic.rs/vesti/drustvo/100-najmocnijih-zena-u-srbiji/zb71yb0)
- The other side of everything (Druga strana svega) (Movie) (http://www.othersideofeverything.com/)