Sri Lankan rupee

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Sri Lankan rupee
ශ්‍රී ලංකා රුපියල් (in Sinhala)
இலங்கை ரூபாய் (in Tamil)
Shri-lanka3.jpg
₨ 5,000 note of the 2010 Development, Prosperity and Sri Lanka Dancers series
ISO 4217
CodeLKR
Denominations
Subunit
1100cent (¢)
Symbol, රු, ரூ
Banknotes
 Freq. used₨ 20, ₨ 50, ₨ 100, ₨ 500, ₨ 1,000, ₨ 5,000
Coins
 Freq. used₨ 1, ₨ 2, ₨ 5, ₨ 10
Demographics
User(s) Sri Lanka
Issuance
Central bankCentral Bank of Sri Lanka
 Websitecbsl.gov.lk
PrinterDe La Rue Lanka Currency and Security Print (Pvt) Ltd
 Websitedelarue.com
MintRoyal Mint, United Kingdom
 Websiteroyalmint.com
Valuation
InflationNegative increase 12% (2021)
 SourceCentral Bank of Sri Lanka
 MethodCPI
Exchange rate to US$1 since 1973

The Sri Lankan rupee (Sinhala: රුපියල්, Tamil: ரூபாய்; symbol: in English, රු in Sinhala, ரூ in Tamil; code: LKR) is the currency of Sri Lanka, divided into 100 cents. It is issued by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka. The symbol ₨ is generally used, but the currency code "LKR" is occasionally used to distinguish it from other currencies also called rupee.

History[edit]

The British pound became Ceylon's official money of account in 1825, replacing the Ceylonese rixdollar at a rate of £1Stg = 13+13 rixdollars, and British silver coin was made legal tender. Treasury notes denominated in pounds were issued in 1827, replacing the earlier rixdollar notes. Rixdollar notes not presented for exchange were demonetized in June 1831.

The Indian rupee was made Ceylon's standard coin on 26 September 1836, and Ceylon reverted to the Indian currency area. Pound-denominated treasury notes continued to circulate after 1836, along with the rupee. The legal currency remained British silver and accounts were kept in pounds, shillings and pence. However, payments were made in rupees and annas at the "fictitious par" (fixed accounting rate) of 2 shillings per rupee (i.e., £1Stg = ₨ 10).

The Bank of Ceylon was the first private bank to issue banknotes on the island (1844) and Treasury notes were withdrawn in 1856.

The Indian rupee was formally established as the unlimited legal tender 18 June 1869. The rupee was decimalized 23 August 1871. Thus, the rupee of 100 cents became Ceylon's money of account and sole legal tender effective 1 January 1872, replacing British currency at a rate of ₨ 1 = 2s.3d.

Coins[edit]

In 1872, copper 14¢, 12¢, 1¢ and 5¢ coins dated 1870 were introduced, followed in 1892 by silver 10¢, 25¢ and 50¢. Production of the 14c ceased in 1904. The large, copper 5¢ coin was replaced in 1909 by a much smaller cupro-nickel coin which was square with rounded corners. In 1919, the fineness of silver used was reduced from .800 to .550.

Between 1940 and 1944, a wholesale change in the coinage was carried out. Production of the 12¢ ceased in 1940, with bronze 1¢ introduced in 1942 with reduced weight and thickness. Nickel-brass replaced cupro-nickel in the 5¢ in the same year and replaced silver in the 25¢ and 50¢ in 1943. In 1944, nickel-brass, scalloped shaped 2c and 10c coins were introduced. The scalloped 10¢ coin replaced the silver 10¢ coin. Later 2¢ coins issued in 1957 were the only coins from this period to ever depict Queen Elizabeth II. Coins with the portrait of King George VI continued to be in circulation after his death in 1952. In 1957, cupro-nickel ₨ 1 coins and .925 silver ₨ 5 coins commemorating 2,500 years of Buddhism were issued.

In 1963, a new coinage was introduced which omitted the monarch's portrait, depicting instead The Armorial ensign of Ceylon. Coins issued were aluminium 1c and 2c, nickel brass 5¢ and 10¢ and cupro-nickel 25¢ and 50¢ and ₨ 1. These coins had the same shapes and sizes of the previous series but were composed of different materials. In 1976, commemorative seven-sided ₨ 2 and ten-sided ₨ 5 coins were introduced in limited numbers. In 1978, devaluation prompted aluminum to be the replacement of nickel-brass in the 5¢ and 10¢, while shortly after 1c and 2c were discontinued. Cupro-nickel ₨ 2 and aluminium-bronze ₨ 5 coins were introduced in 1984 fully replacing the corresponding banknotes. In 1987, commemorative ₨ 10 were released which like the 5¢ coin was square with round edges. In 1998 a bimetallic commemorative ₨ 10 coin was released. Like earlier forerunner rupee denominations, these were again only issued in limited supply, not intended to replace the corresponding banknotes.

The obverse of the coins issued since 1972 carry the Armorial Ensign of the Republic of Sri Lanka. The reverse of the coin the value in numerals and in Sinhala, Tamil and English below and year of issue at the bottom with SRI LANKA in Sinhala on top. The lower denominations of 1¢, 2¢, 5¢, 10¢, 25¢ and 50¢ are not in circulation and the minting of these denominations had been discontinued.

The observe and reverse designs of the new coins remained identical to the circulating coins of the new series based on similar denominations. However their weights and compositions have been changed to electroplated steel as opposed to a solid alloy for easier identification purposes and to save on production expense.

In the year 2017, a complete new series of stainless steel coins was introduced and is currently in circulation.

2005 - Old coin series of Sri Lanka
Image Value Obverse Reverse Metal Diameter Weight Thickness Edge Year
Bc0035 25c 2005.jpg 25¢ Armorial Ensign Country name, year and value Copper-plated Steel 16.0 mm 1.68 g 1.2 mm Plain 2005
Bc0036 50c 2005.jpg 50¢ 18.0 mm 2.5 g 1.4 mm Plain
Bc0037 1r 2005.jpg ₨ 1 Brass-plated Steel 20.0 mm 3.65 g 1.7 mm Milled
Bc0038 2r 2005.jpg ₨ 2 Nickel-plated Steel 28.5 mm 7.0 g 1.5 mm Milled
Bc0039 5r 2005.jpg ₨ 5 Brass-plated steel 23.5 mm 7.7 g 2.7 mm Lettered
₨ 10 Nickel-plated Steel 26.4 mm (Hendecagon) 8.36 g 2.1 mm Plain 2009

2017 - New coin series[1][edit]

2017 New coin series of Sri Lanka
Image Denomination Obverse Reverse Metal Diameter Thickness Shape Edge Year
₨ 1 Country name, Armorial ensign and Year Value Stainless steel 20 mm 1.75 mm Round Intermitted Milled 2017
₨ 2 22 mm 1.75 mm Notched
₨ 5 23.5 mm 1.8 mm Milled with regular indentations
₨ 10 26.4 mm 1.8 mm Eleven lobed Milled with regular indentations
₨ 20 Aluminium Bronze 28 mm 2.0 mm Seven lobed Plain 2020

Commemorative coins[edit]

The Central Bank of Sri Lanka has issued commemorative coins since 1957.

On 15 December 2010, to mark the 60th Anniversary, the Central Bank of Sri Lanka issued a frosted proof crown size multi-colour silver commemorative coin in the denomination of ₨ 5,000. It was the first multi-colour coin issued by the Central Bank.

Commemorative coins issued by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka:

Banknotes[edit]

Government of Ceylon, ₨ 5 (1929)

The Government of Ceylon introduced its first rupee banknote issue in 1885. A ₨ 5 note (1885–1925) was followed by a ₨ 10 (1894–1926) and ₨ 1,000 note (1899 and 1915).[2] A second issue included the ₨ 1 (1917–1939), ₨ 2 (1917–1921), ₨ 50 (1914) and ₨ 100 (1919) notes.[2] During the 1920s (and in some cases the 1930s) the ₨ 1 (mentioned above), ₨ 2 (1925–39), two types of ₨ 5 (1925–28 and 1929–39), two types of ₨ 10 (1927–28 and 1929–39), ₨ 50 (1922–39), ₨ 100 (1926–39), ₨ 500 (1926), and ₨ 1,000 (1929) notes were all in circulation.[3]

There were two issues in 1941. The first consisted of a ₨ 1, ₨ 2, ₨ 5, ₨ 10 banknote issued only in 1941.[4] Though issued slightly earlier, a ₨ 1,000 note (1938) has been grouped with this issue.[5] The 1941 second issue consisted of ₨ 1 (1941–49), ₨ 2 (1941–49), ₨ 5 (1941–49), ₨ 10 (1941–46), ₨ 50 (1941–45), ₨ 100 (1941–45), ₨ 1,000 (1941), and ₨ 10,000 (1947) notes.[nb 1][6] In 1942, fractional banknote issues were introduced. A 25¢ and 50¢ note (1942)[7] were followed by a second issue of 5¢ (1942), 10¢ (1942–43), 25¢ (1942–49), and 50¢ notes (1942–49).[8]

The Central Bank of Ceylon[nb 2] issued ₨ 1 and ₨ 10 rupee notes (1951),[8] ₨ 1, ₨ 2, ₨ 5, ₨ 50, and ₨ 100 notes (1952–54)[nb 3]

The ₨ 1 notes were replaced by coins in 1963.

From 1977, banknotes were issued by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka. ₨ 20 notes were introduced in 1979, followed by ₨ 500 and ₨ 1,000 in 1981. The ₨ 200 in 1998 and ₨ 2,000 in 2006 (discontinued). Sri Lankan banknotes are unusual in that they are printed vertically on the reverse. In 1998, a ₨ 200 note was issued to commemorate the 50th anniversary of independence (1948–1998). This is the first polymer banknote issued in Sri Lanka, and it was printed by Note Printing Australia. All other denominations are printed by the De la Rue Lanka Currency and Securities Print (Pvt) Ltd, a joint venture of the Government of Sri Lanka and De La Rue.

Portraits of former Sri Lankan prime ministers and former president Mahinda Rajapaksa have graced the fronts of Sri Lankan bank notes, while the backs have featured Sri Lankan fauna and flora, Sri Lankan landscapes and industries, and images depicting Sri Lankan culture, history, and achievements.

Exchange rate[edit]

Current LKR exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR USD
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR USD
From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR USD
From OANDA: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR USD
From fxtop.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR USD

Sri Lankan Rupee is a closed currency which means it is not available to buy or sell outside of Sri Lanka.[11] You can buy LKR at the Sri Lankan airport or currency outlets available throughout the country.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The ₨ 10,000 note was used for inter-bank transactions only.
  2. ^ The Central Bank of Ceylon was established by the Monetary Law Act (MLA) No. 58 of 1949 and commenced operations on 28 August 1950.[9]
  3. ^ The ₨ 5 note was not issued in 1953[8] and the ₨ 10 note was issued in 1953 and 1954.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 - New Coin Series SRI LANKA". coins.lakdiva.org.
  2. ^ a b Cuhaj 2010, p. 197.
  3. ^ Cuhaj 2010, pp. 197–98.
  4. ^ Cuhaj 2010, p. 198.
  5. ^ Cuhaj 2010, p. 199.
  6. ^ Cuhaj 2010, pp. 199–200.
  7. ^ Cuhaj 2010, pp. 200–01.
  8. ^ a b c Cuhaj 2010, p. 201.
  9. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2013). "Ceylon". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: BanknoteNews.com.
  10. ^ Cuhaj 2010, p. 202.
  11. ^ "Currency in Sri Lanka : A Guide on Using LKR". 15 April 2021.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]