Sri Lankan sloth bear
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|Sri Lankan sloth bear|
|At a small waterhole at sunset in Yala National Park, Sri Lanka|
M. u. inornatus
|Melursus ursinus inornatus|
Pucheran, 1855 
Being omnivorous, it feeds on nuts, berries, and roots, as well as carrion and meat. One of its main staples is insects, which it removes from rotting stumps and trees with its long, hairless snout. Otherwise, it rarely kills animals. The sloth bear is sympatric with the leopard.
The Sri Lankan sloth bear is highly threatened, with a population less than 1000 (the wild population may be as few as 500) in many isolated populations with population decrease. Destruction of dry-zone natural forest is its main threat, because unlike other large Sri Lankan animals, the Sri Lankan sloth bear is highly dependent on natural forests for its food source.
- Revue et Magasin de Zoologie  7 (3): 392 (J. Pucheran)
- Pucheran, J., Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (in French), 7, p. 392
- Hadley, B. (2008-12-21), The Sloth Bear (PDF), Bear Specialist Group, archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-12-21
- Brown, G. (1993). The Great Bear Almanac. Lyons & Burford. ISBN 1558212108.
- "International Animal Rescue: Saving animals from suffering around the world" (PDF). International Animal Rescue. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
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