Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham
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Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham is a theosophical congregation which states that it is based on the principles of oneness of God, and discovering divinity in the self. The ashram is situated in Pithapuram, East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh, India.
- 1 Origin
- 2 Geography
- 3 Stated aims
- 4 Stated objectives
- 5 Characteristics of the Peetham
- 6 Membership
- 7 Peethadhipathis
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham was established in Baghdad. It moved to Delhi, India in 1472, where it became involved in court circles of the Mughal Empire. The beheading of Sarmad by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in 1661 created a rift with the congregation. The leader, Sri Madin Kabir Sha, moved the institution from Delhi to Hyderabad. King Abul Hasan Qutb Shah of Golkonda gave two jagirs to the congregation in Tuni.
The Old Ashram is located near the Pithapuram railway station at
- To enlighten the human soul with secrets of divinity.
- To transform the aspirants as model citizens while fulfilling ones noble birth as human beings.
- To provide peace of mind by conferring soul power to the oppressed and depressed.
- To rend the veil of illusion of human soul, administer tranquillity and transform man into divinity.
- To teach and preachmonotheism surpassing all hurdles of caste, creed, race, religion and sex through the medium of the noblest guru and to impart that philosophy in the form of lessons to the members.
- To propagate this science of philosophy for the total welfare of the mankind to lead them to salvation.
The objectives of this Peetham are said to be based mainly on Sufi philosophy, but the Peethadhipathis also practice the Hindu Philosophy of Dharma. They learned the Hindu scriptures, the Quran, and the Bible to extract the essence of all the major three religions. Monotheism has become its main plank.
This peetham seeks transcendentalism. Unlike other Hindu Peethams, there are no dress regulations or display of occult powers. The Peethadhipathi here is not a celibate, but leads a family life. The essence of his teaching is Bhukthi, Trupthi, Mukthi—food for the body, satisfaction to the mind and salvation to the soul. Publicity is shunned. The Peetham's theme is that God is in man himself. It strives to make man a man by dispelling ignorance to make man realise God in himself and to make him attain supreme knowledge. The Peetham acts on three principles. The Guru, the Mantra and the Sadhana. It insists on absolute faith in the Guru, who offers a Manthra to the devotees and expects them to do Sadhana on the Manthra to attain spiritual elevation. No distinction of class, caste, creed, religion or sex is made.
Anybody is free to enter the ashram and do his or her sadhana and can join this Peetham as a member. This Peetham has the intention of propagating dharma and endeavouring to draw out the divine qualities in man. Any member who joins the Peetham is free to adopt his own religion, follow his own customs and traditions,hold on to his own religions beliefs and personal views, with no need for any sort of conversion.
Madin Kabir Sha
Madin Kabir Sha was the first Peethadhipathi to come to Pithapuram and establish this spiritual organisation. He was a disciple of Abdul-Qadir Gilani (Phirane Pir), claimed to be the descendant and spiritual successor of Islamic prophet Muhammad. He had followed the preaching of his master, performed great penance and accomplished in it. He had number of disciples. It is said that his disciples had requested him to display a miracle in testimony of his divine power; they brought several cartloads of firewood, made a big pyre at the heart of the town and asked their Madin Kabir Sha to sit on it. He is said to have lain on the fire for about 24 hours comfortably, remaining unhurt. His ancestors had traveled from Baghdad to Persia, from there to Delhi, then to Hyderabad and then to Pithapuram.
Madharsha Sathguru has succeeded the peetham as the second peethadhipathi.
Hasan Miya Sha
Sri Hasan Miya Sha Sathguru has succeeded the peetham as the third peethadhipathi.
Kahenesha Vali succeeded as the Fourth Peethadhipathi. It is said that when he was about five years old his father, Sri Hasan Miya Sha, left his body and synthesized in cosmic eternity, so Kahenesha Vali was initiated by Sri Akhail- Ali- Sha Sathguru with the Mahamantra. Then with his master’s blessing He took over the lordship of the Peetham and became master to many disciples. Since then Sri Akhail- Ali- Sha Sathguru is honored as Vamsa Guru (The Preceptor of the Great master's Lineage). His monastery is at Tuni (Near Bus Complex). At present there is an ashram there. The land was allotted by the Government of Andhra Pradesh to establish this peetham branch near the monastery.
1) Kaliki Bhgavatham (Telugu). This book contains spiritual songs written by him.
Mohiddin Badusha I
Brahmarishi SriMohiddin Badsha I Sathguru had succeeded as the fifth Peethadhipathi of this institution. During his tenure there were about eight thousand disciples.He was great scholar in Telugu, Parsee and Sanskrit. He wrote many Telugu Divine songs named Para Tathwa Kirtanalu to promote devotion and spiritual knowledge, still sung by the members of the Institution.
Kavisekhara Dr Umar Alisha
Kavisekhara Dr Umar Alisha (1885–1945) was the 6th Peethadhipathi of Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Aadhyatmika Peetham, Pithapuram, He was a great poet, freedom fighter, social reformer, and a parliamentarian.
He was born on 28 February 1885 to Mohiddin Badusha and Chandbi at Pithapuram. He started writing poetry at the age of 14 years, and was a scholar of the Arabic, Persian, Urdu, English and Hindi languages.
Brahmarishi Hussain Sha
Shri Hussain Sha (born 1905-09-09) 06-05 Hrs at Rajahmundry to Dr Umar Alisha-I and Akbar Begum. He was the 7th Peethadhipathi.
1) Sha Tatvam, on theosophy. This book says that humanity is transformed into divinity, which is the essence of all religions. The words by which it is composed are of the Upanishad ( Divine inner voice or revelation ) heard during the process of Bhavaparinama (transformation of the feeling of "Self (I)" into the Cosmic Form)
2) Sha Philosophy Part 1( Translation of Sha philosophy into English)
Mohiddin Badsha II
and Ajeemunnisa Begum. He was a scholar in Telugu, Arabic, Urdu, Sanskrit, Parsee and English.He married Fatima Jaharunnisa Begum on 1963-05-19. He had six sons and three daughters. Mohiddin Badsha took over the Lordship of Peetham as 8th Head on 1981-09-25. Due to the old age and ill health of his father Hussain Sha Sathguru and as a future head of the Institution, he had undertaken the preceptive of the Peetham's philosophy from 1969. Delivered speeches at many villages of Andhra Pradesh to promote Jnana yoga.
- Tatwa Prabhodam (Telugu) Compilation of speeches of by Sri Mohiddin Badsha Sathguru addressed to the members of this Institution at Thursday Congregations and other auspicious occasions.
- Precept Of Philosophy Part 1 (English)
- Precept Of Philosophy Part 2 (English)
These are the English Translations of Tatwa Prabodham(Telugu)
Dr Umar Alisa II assumed charge as 9th peethadhipathi in 1989 and was still in post as of 2011[update]. He lays more stress on spiritual realisation rather than on physical forms. Along with spiritual pursuit he is also undertaking various educational, Social, Ethical activities. Among them the most important one is the Umar Alisha Akshara Jyothi. He says that Ignorance is the root cause of superstition and illiteracy is the root cause of Ignorance. So the Peetham has taken up the Umar Alisha Akshara Jyothi Programme with all seriousness and turned thousands of illiterates to literates.
1) Cosmic Wisdom Part 1 (English)
2) Nivedika (An Appraisal) (English)
- Murthy A L N (1998-03-30). "A Peetham With a difference at Pithapuram". Deccan Chronicle.
- Express News Service (2000-07-07). "International Spiritual Meet from Feb 9". The New Indian Express.
- Badsha II, Mohiddin (February 2004). "History of Peetham". Precept of Philosophy (in Telugu) (First ed.). Pithapuram: Umar Alisha. pp. i&ii.
Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham
- Express News Service (2000-07-07). "International Spiritual Meet from Feb 9". New INDIAN EXPRESSNEWS.
- Staff Reporter (2001-12-24). "Meet on religious harmony". The Hindu.