Srifa

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Srifa
صريفا
Village
Map showing the location of Srifa within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Srifa within Lebanon
Srifa
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°16′53″N 35°23′47″E / 33.28139°N 35.39639°E / 33.28139; 35.39639Coordinates: 33°16′53″N 35°23′47″E / 33.28139°N 35.39639°E / 33.28139; 35.39639
Grid position 187/298 PAL
Country  Lebanon
Governorate South Lebanon Governorate
District Tyre District
Elevation 450 m (1,480 ft)
Population
 • Total 10,000
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing code +9617

Srifa[1] is a town in Southern Lebanon, located in Tyre District, Governorate of South Lebanon. It is located 22 kilometres east of the city Tyros and 90 kilometers south of the capital Beirut. It is the birthplace of Rima Fakih, Miss USA 2010.[2]

History[edit]

In 1875, during the late Ottoman era, Victor Guérin found here an ancient column, and a few cut stones, proving that the place was an ancient site.[3] Guérin found that the village had 150 Metawileh villagers.[4]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it: "A village, built of stone, containing about 200 Metawileh, it is situated on a hill, and surrounded by olives, figs, and arable land. Water from a spring; and cisterns in the village."[5]

The village was heavily bombed during the 2006 Lebanon War.[2] On the July 12, the Israelis killed 4 civilians in the village,[6] while on July 19, they killed 17 militants and 5 civilians.[7][8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ From personal name; according to Palmer, 1881, p. 32
  2. ^ a b "Miss USA from powerful Shiite family", msnbc.com, Associated Press, May 17, 2010, retrieved May 17, 2010 
  3. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 258-259; as cited in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 138
  4. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 258-259
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, pp. 93-94
  6. ^ HRW, 2007, pp. 82- 88
  7. ^ Srifa was a bustling hillside village. Then yesterday the Israeli jets came, Clancy Chassay, 20 July 2006, The Guardian
  8. ^ HRW, 2007, pp. 103-104
  9. ^ Human Rights Watch (HRW), September 2007, "Why They Died", Civilian Casualties in Lebanon during the 2006 War

Bibliography[edit]