Srinagar district

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Srinagar District
Map of Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir with the Srinagar District highlighted red
Map of Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir with the Srinagar District highlighted red
Coordinates: 34°05′N 74°50′E / 34.083°N 74.833°E / 34.083; 74.833Coordinates: 34°05′N 74°50′E / 34.083°N 74.833°E / 34.083; 74.833
Country India
Union territoryJammu and Kashmir
HeadquartersSrinagar
Area
 • Total1,979 km2 (764 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,250,173[1]
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English[2][3]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Literacy69.41%
Websitehttp://srinagar.nic.in/

The Srinagar District is one of the 20 districts of the Indian-administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Situated in the centre of the Kashmir Valley, it is the second-most populous district of the union territory after Jammu District as per the 2011 national census,[4] and is home to the summer capital city of Srinagar (with the city of Jammu serving as the territory's winter capital).[5] Likewise, the city of Srinagar also serves as the Srinagar District's headquarters.

Administration[edit]

Srinagar district has 2 Sub-Divisions i.e. Srinagar West and Srinagar East.

7 Tehsils are:

  • Central Shalteng
  • Chanapora/ Natipora
  • Eidgah
  • Khanyar
  • Pantha chowk
  • Srinagar North
  • Srinagar South.

This district has 4 Blocks[6]

  • Harwan
  • Qammerwari
  • Khonmoh
  • Srinagar

These blocks consist of a number of panchayats and villages.

Politics[edit]

Srinagar District has 1 parliamentary constituency i.e Srinagar and 8 assembly constituencies:

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Srinagar District (2011)[8]

  Islam (95.19%)
  Hinduism (3.44%)
  Sikhism (0.99%)
  Christianity (0.22%)
  Buddhism (0.02%)
  Jainism (0.01%)
  Not stated (0.13%)

Srinagar district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[9]

  Kashmiri (Koshur) (94.13%)
  Others (2.49%)
  Hindi (1.88%)
  Punjabi (0.84%)
  Gojri (0.66%)

According to the 2011 census Srinagar district has a population of 1,236,829,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Estonia[10] or the US state of New Hampshire.[11] This gives it a ranking of 381st in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 703 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,820/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 20.35%.[4] Srinagar has a sex ratio of 900 females for every 1,000 males[4] (this varies with religion), and a literacy rate of 69.41%.[4]

Sex Ratio in Srinagar District in 2011 Census.[8]
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 1,177,342)
945
Hindu (pop 42,540)
184
Sikh (pop 12,187)
747
Christian (pop 2,746)
551
Other (pop 2,014)
666
Total (pop 1,236,829)
900
Srinagar district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[8]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 42,540 1,177,342 2,746 12,187 285 74 2 1,653 1,236,829
3.44% 95.19% 0.22% 0.99% 0.02% 0.01% 0.00% 0.13% 100.00%
Male 35,925 605,244 1,771 6,975 171 39 1 998 651,124
Female 6,615 572,098 975 5,212 114 35 1 655 585,705
Gender ratio (% female) 15.6% 48.6% 35.5% 42.8% 40.0% 47.3% 50.0% 39.6% 47.4%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
184 945 551 747 656 900
Urban 42,513 1,160,071 2,743 12,185 285 74 2 1,643 1,219,516
Rural 27 17,271 3 2 0 0 0 10 17,313
% Urban 99.9% 98.5% 99.9% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 99.4% 98.6%
Srinagar district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[9]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
001002 Assamese 1,149 0.09%
002007 Bengali 2,834 0.23%
003001 Bodo/Boro 89 0.01%
004001 Dogri 1,917 0.15%
005018 Gujarati 658 0.05%
006102 Bhojpuri 698 0.06%
006195 Garhwali 198 0.02%
006207 Gojri/Gujjari/Gujar 8,202 0.66%
006235 Haryanvi 334 0.03%
006240 Hindi 23,304 1.88%
006340 Kumauni 136 0.01%
006439 Pahari 2,967 0.24%
006489 Rajasthani 828 0.07%
007016 Kannada 654 0.05%
008005 Kashmiri 1,164,212 94.13%
008019 Dardi 71 0.01%
011016 Malayalam 1,130 0.09%
012003 Manipuri 435 0.04%
013071 Marathi 2,213 0.18%
014011 Nepali 292 0.02%
015043 Odia 1,282 0.10%
016038 Punjabi 10,408 0.84%
020027 Tamil 1,793 0.14%
021046 Telugu 1,371 0.11%
022015 Urdu 3,410 0.28%
024001 Afghani/Kabuli/Pashto 112 0.01%
029002 Balti 349 0.03%
040001 English 195 0.02%
053005 Gujari 1,590 0.13%
073003 Ladakhi 1,071 0.09%
109005 Shina 191 0.02%
115008 Tibetan 1,703 0.14%
Others 1,033 0.08%
Total 1,236,829 100.00%

Weather[edit]

Climate data for Srinagar (1971–1986)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
8.2
(46.8)
14.1
(57.4)
20.5
(68.9)
24.5
(76.1)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
29.6
(85.3)
27.4
(81.3)
22.4
(72.3)
15.1
(59.2)
8.2
(46.8)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(28.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
3.4
(38.1)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
14.9
(58.8)
18.1
(64.6)
17.5
(63.5)
12.1
(53.8)
5.8
(42.4)
0.9
(33.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
7.3
(45.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48
(1.9)
68
(2.7)
121
(4.8)
85
(3.3)
68
(2.7)
39
(1.5)
62
(2.4)
76
(3.0)
28
(1.1)
33
(1.3)
28
(1.1)
54
(2.1)
710
(27.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.6 7.3 10.2 8.8 8.1 5.7 7.9 6.8 3.5 2.8 2.8 5.1 75.6
Source: HKO[12]

Places of worship[edit]

Panoramic view of Dal Lake and the city of Srinagar in Srinigar District.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Srinagar District". 24 November 2020.
  2. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  5. ^ 2011 census J&K
  6. ^ [1], Srinagar District, Jammu and Kashmir.
  7. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". CEO JK. Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir.
  8. ^ a b c C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  9. ^ a b C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Estonia 1,282,963 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Hampshire 1,316,470
  12. ^ "Climatological Information for Srinigar, India". Hong Kong Observatory. November 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2017.

External links[edit]