Sringeri Sharada Peetham
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|Acharya: Sri Bharati Tirtha|
|First Acharya||Maṇḍana Miśra|
Sringeri Sharada Peetha is the southern Advaita Vedanta matha or monastery established by Adi Shankara in 8th century AD. The matha is on the banks of the Tunga River in Chikkamagalur district, Karnataka, India, 105 kilometers from Mangaluru and 303 kilometers from the state capital, Bengaluru.
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Adi Shankara and Advaita Vedanta
Traditionally, Adi Shankara (8th century) is regarded as the greatest teacher and reformer of the Smartha. According to Alf Hiltebeitel, Shankara established the nondualist interpretation of the Upanishads as the touchstone of a revived smartha tradition. The Sringeri Sharada monastery founded by Shankara in Karnataka is still the centre of the Smartha sect.
Sureshwaracharya, who was Maṇḍana Miśra in his purvashrama, was installed as the successor of Shankaracharya before the latter resumed his tour to found his three pithas at Puri, Dwaraka and Badrinath.
Vidushekara Bharathi was appointed as Uttaradhikari of the Sringeri Sharadha Peetha by Bharati Thirtha on 23 January 2015. The last five Jagadgurus were:
|Name||Years as Jagadguru||Place of Birth||Purvashrama name|
|Sacchidananda Shivabhinava Nrusimha Bharati||1872–1912||Mysore||Shivaswami|
|Chandrasekhara Bharati III||1912–1954||Sringeri||Narasimha Sastri|
|Abhinava Vidyatirtha||1954–1989||Bangalore||Srinivasa Sastri|
|Bharati Tirtha||1989 – present||Narasaraopet||Tangirala Sitarama Anjaneyulu|
|Vidhushekhara Bharati||2015 - present||Tirupathi||Kuppa Venkateshwara Prasad Sharma|
Tippy sultan as a Protector of Temple: In 1791, Maratha army raided the temple and matha of Sringeri Shankaracharya, killing and wounding many, and plundering the monastery of all its valuable possessions. The incumbent Shankaracharya petitioned Tipu Sultan for help. A bunch of about 30 letters written in Kannada, which were exchanged between Tipu Sultan's court and the Sringeri Shankaracharya were discovered in 1916 by the Director of Archaeology in Mysore. Tipu Sultan expressed his indignation and grief at the news of the raid:
"People who have sinned against such a holy place are sure to suffer the consequences of their misdeeds at no distant date in this Kali age in accordance with the verse: "Hasadbhih kriyate karma rudadbhir-anubhuyate" (People do [evil] deeds smilingly but suffer the consequences crying)."
He immediately ordered the Asaf of Bednur to supply the Swami with 200 rahatis (fanams) in cash and other gifts and articles. Tipu Sultan's interest in the Sringeri temple continued for many years, and he was still writing to the Swami in the 1790s CE.
- Kuppuswami Sastri, S. (1984), Brahmasiddhi, by Maṇḍanamiśra, with commentary by Śankhapāṇī. 2nd ed., Delhi, India: Sri Satguru Publications
- Roodurmum, Pulasth Soobah (2002), Bhāmatī and Vivaraṇa Schools of Advaita Vedānta: A Critical Approach, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited
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