Sringeri Sharada Peetham

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Acharya: Sri Bharati Tirtha
Vidyashankara Temple at Shringeri.jpg
Location Shringeri
Founder Adi Shankara
First Acharya Maṇḍana Miśra
Formation 820 AD
Website http://www.sringeri.net/

Sringeri Sharada Peetha is the southern Advaita Vedanta matha or monastery established by Adi Shankara in 8th century AD. The matha is on the banks of the Tunga River in Chikkamagalur district, Karnataka, India, 105 kilometers from Mangaluru and 303 kilometers from the state capital Bengaluru.

History[edit]

Sharada temple at Sringeri Sharada Peetha, Shringeri

Adi Shankara and Advaita Vedanta[edit]

The majority of members of Smartha community follow the Advaita Vedanta philosophy of Adi Shankara. Smarta and Advaita have become almost synonymous, though not all Advaitins are Smartas.[citation needed] Traditionally, Shankara (8th century) is regarded as the greatest teacher[1][2] and reformer of the Smartha.[3][2] According to Hiltebeitel, Shankara established the nondualist interpretation of the Upanishads as the touchstone of a revived smarta tradition.[4] The Sringeri Sharada monastery founded by Shankara in Karnataka is still the centre of the Smarta sect.[1][2]

Jagadgurus[edit]

See also: Jagadguru of Sringeri Sharada Peetham for the full list of Jagadgurus

The head of the matha or Guru Parampara ('teacher tradition', referring to monastic initiation) is venerated as Jagadguru. The head has so far been chosen by the prevailing pontiff usually from among his disciples usually chosen as a Brahmachari, educated in the Vedas and other required learning. Succession to the Śankāracharya title is through disciple selection by the existing Śankāracharya.[citation needed] The successor to the matha is usually named at a young age, from among the Vedic Brahmana community.[citation needed]

The Sringeri matha records its tradition from the 8th century onwards.[citation needed] The history of the Sringeri matha since the period of Sri Bharathi Tirtha (I) and Sri Vidyaranya (14th century) onwards has been documented.[citation needed] Most of the names from the Sringeri lineage up to Vidyaranya are also found in the Sri Guru Charitra, a 15th-century Marathi work by Gangadhara Saraswathi.[citation needed]

Sureshwaracharya, who is often, but incorrectly, identified with Maṇḍana Miśra,[5][6] was installed here as the successor of Shankaracharya before the latter resumed his tour to found his three pithas at Puri, Dwaraka and Badrinath.

The present head of the math is Bharati Tirtha Swaminah. The below table is about the last four Jagadgurus, including the incumbent Sri Bharati Tirtha Swaminah.[7]

Name Years as Jagadguru Place of Birth Purvashrama name[8]
Sacchidananda Shivabhinava Nrusimha Bharati 1872–1912 Mysore Shivaswami
Chandrasekhara Bharati III 1912–1954 Sringeri Narasimha Sastri
Abhinava Vidyatirtha 1954–1989 Bangalore Srinivasa Sastri
Bharati Tirtha 1989 – present Machilipatnam Tangirala Sitarama Anjaneyulu

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Doniger 1999, p. 1017.
  2. ^ a b c Popular Prakashan 2000, p. 52.
  3. ^ Rosen 2006, p. 166.
  4. ^ Hiltebeitel 2013.
  5. ^ Roodurmum 2002, p. 29.
  6. ^ Kuppuswami Sastri 1984.
  7. ^ See http://www.jagadgurus.org and http://www.sringeri.net for detailed biographies of the Jagadgurus
  8. ^ Purvashrama name refers to the name of the Jagadguru before taking Sannyasa.

Sources[edit]

  • Kuppuswami Sastri, S. (1984), Brahmasiddhi, by Maṇḍanamiśra, with commentary by Śankhapāṇī. 2nd ed., Delhi, India: Sri Satguru Publications 
  • Roodurmum, Pulasth Soobah (2002), Bhāmatī and Vivaraṇa Schools of Advaita Vedānta: A Critical Approach, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited 
  • Sen, Surendranath (1930), Studies in Indian history, University of Calcutta 

External links[edit]