Sriracha sauce

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"Sriracha" redirects here. For other uses, see Sriracha (disambiguation).
For the most notable American brand of Sriracha sauce, see Sriracha sauce (Huy Fong Foods).
Sriracha
Horseshoe crab served with sriracha sauce in the town of Si Racha
Heat Medium
Scoville scale 1,000-2,500

Sriracha (Thai: ศรีราชา,  [sǐː rāː.t͡ɕʰāː]) is a type of hot sauce or chili sauce made from a paste of chili peppers, distilled vinegar, garlic, sugar, and salt.[1] It is named after the coastal city of Si Racha, in Chonburi Province of eastern Thailand, where it may have been first produced for dishes served at local seafood restaurants.[2]

Use[edit]

Sriraja Paniche
Sriracha "Rooster Sauce"
Sriraja Panich chili sauce by Thai Theparos Food Products (left) and Tương Ớt Sriracha ("Rooster Sauce") by Huy Fong Foods (right).

In Thailand, sriracha is frequently used as a dipping sauce, particularly for seafood. In Vietnamese cuisine, sriracha appears as a condiment for phở, fried noodles, a topping for spring rolls (chả giò), and in sauces.[3]

Sriracha is also eaten on soup, eggs and burgers. Jams, lollipops, and cocktails have all been made using the sauce,[4] and sriracha-flavored potato chips have been marketed.[5]

Origin[edit]

The origin and history of sriracha is unknown. The sauce is purported to have been first created by a Thai woman named Thanom Chakkapak in the town of Si Racha (or Sri Racha), Thailand.[6]

Thailand[edit]

In Thailand the sauce is most often called sot Siracha (Thai: ซอสศรีราชา) and only sometimes nam phrik Siracha (Thai: น้ำพริกศรีราชา). Traditional Thai sriracha sauce tends to be tangier in taste, and runnier in texture than non-Thai versions.[7]

In a Bon Appétit magazine interview, US Asian-foods distributor, Eastland Food Corporation, asserted that the Thai brand of hot sauce, Sriraja Panich, which Eastland distributes, is the original "sriracha sauce" and was created in Si Racha, Thailand, in the 1930s from the recipe of a housewife named Thanom Chakkapak.[7]

United States[edit]

Within the United States, sriracha is associated with a sauce produced by Huy Fong Foods[2] and is sometimes referred to as "rooster sauce" or "cock sauce"[8] due to the image of a rooster on the bottle.[9] Other variations of sriracha have appeared in the US market, including a sriracha that is aged in whiskey barrels.[10] In 2013, Sosu Sauces, a food startup based in San Francisco, created a Kickstarter project and successfully raised $104,146 to launch a Whiskey Barrel-Aged Sriracha that is fermented and aged in whiskey barrels.[11]

Various restaurants in the US, including Applebee's, P.F. Chang's, Taco Bell, Pizza Hut, Jack in the Box, Subway, White Castle and Gordon Biersch, have incorporated sriracha into their dishes, sometimes mixing it with mayonnaise or into dipping sauces.[2][12][13][14][15] The name "sriracha" is considered to be a generic term, since the creator of the Huy Fong Foods sauce, David Tran, did not trademark it.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What is sriracha?". Cookthink.com. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Edge, JohnvT. (May 19, 2009). "A Chili Sauce to Crow About". The New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  3. ^ Moncel, Bethany. "Sriracha Sauce – Definition, History, Uses, and Availability". Food Reference. About.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  4. ^ Magazine Monitor (December 21, 2013). "Sriracha: How a sauce won over the US". BBC News Magazine Monitor. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  5. ^ Shyong, Frank (April 12, 2013). "Sriracha hot sauce purveyor turns up the heat". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 29, 2013. Roland Foods in New York makes its own variety, Sriracha Chili Sauce, in a similarly shaped yellow-capped bottle featuring two dragons instead of a rooster. Frito-Lay is testing a sriracha-flavored potato chip, and Subway is experimenting with a creamy sriracha sauce for sandwiches. 
  6. ^ Khaleeli, Homa (October 2, 2014). "Hot right now: how Sriracha has become a must-have sauce". The Gaurdian. Retrieved June 29, 2015. ...the sauce was created in the Thai seaside town of Si (or Sri) Racha by a local woman, Thanom Chakkapak. 
  7. ^ a b Nguyen, Andrea (March 4, 2013). "The Original Sriracha". Bon Appétit (Condé Nast Publications). Retrieved June 29, 2015. The Thais also make many versions of [sriracha] sauce ... which tend to be more liquid and pourable than Huy Fong’s. Sriraja Panich has a lovely balance of bright chile heat, delicate sweetness, vinegary tang, and garlicky backnote. 
  8. ^ Usborne, Simon (November 20, 2013). "Sriracha hot sauce: Heated dispute". The Independent. Retrieved June 29, 2015. But like most obsessives, Erskine is fiercely loyal to "rooster sauce" as some know the brand (in the US it is sometimes also called "cock sauce"). 
  9. ^ Sytsma, Alan (February 2, 2008). "A Rooster's Wake-Up Call". Gourmet. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  10. ^ Fanous, Angelina (March 6, 2014). "Sriracha Aged in Whiskey Barrels is Better than the Original Sauce". Vice.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  11. ^ Birdsall, John (March 6, 2014). "A Woman in SF is Barrel-Aging Sriracha, and it's Awesome". Chow. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Subway's Sriracha Sauce Goes National, And It's Good". Taste. The Huffington Post. November 7, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  13. ^ "White Castle Introduces New Full-Flavored Sriracha Chicken Sliders" (Press Release). White Castle. May 31, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  14. ^ Hannan, Caleb (February 21, 2013). "Sriracha Hot Sauce Catches Fire, Yet 'There's Only One Rooster'". Business Week. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  15. ^ Harris, Jenn (February 25, 2015). "Taste-testing Taco Bell's new Sriracha Quesarito". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  16. ^ Pierson, David (February 10, 2015). "With no trademark, Sriracha name is showing up everywhere". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 26, 2015. Two dozen applications to use the word have been filed with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. None has been granted for Sriracha alone. The word is now too generic, the agency determined. ... Unlike the name, Tran trademarked his rooster logo and distinctive bottle.