Srivastava (Hindi pronunciation: [ʃɾiːʋaːstəʋ]; Śrīvāstava), also spelled variously as Shrivastava, Shrivastav or Srivastav, is a common surname mainly found amongst the Chitraguptavanshi Kayastha community of upper caste Hindus particularly in the Hindi-speaking regions of India.
Srivastavas are one of the twelve sub-clans of the Chitraguptvanshi Kayasthas that were traditionally involved in record-keeping, administration and military services. The clan was influential during Ancient empires and Mughal empire in the Indian subcontinent, earning such titles as Pandit, Thakur and Lala.
The title Śrīvāstava is the shortened form of Śrīvāstavya and thus derived directly from the Sanskrit root words Sri (श्री) "God" and vás (वास्) "to dwell" by adding the primary suffix tavyat which denotes an agent and causes the lengthening of the radical vowel. While the word Sri is used in Sanskrit as honorific prefix to the names of deities  and vāstavya means "a resident, inhabitant"; thereby the whole meaning "in whom God dwells".
Notable people with this name
Notable people named Srivastava (or its variations) include:
- Aadesh Shrivastava (1966–2015), Indian music director
- Kapil Srivastava, Indian guitarist, music composer, educationist & author
- Aanjjan Srivastav (born 1948), Indian film, television and stage dancer/actor
- Aditya Shrivastava (born 1968), Indian actor
- Alankrita Shrivastava (born 1979), Indian filmmaker
- Anand & Milind Shrivastav, Indian music directors
- Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava (1899–1973), Indian historian
- Chandrika Prasad Srivastava (1920–2013), Indian diplomat
- Chitragupta Shrivastava, Indian music director
- Dheer Charan Srivastav (born 1967), Indian actor
- Ganesh Prasad Srivastava (1933–2011), physicist, author
- Hari Shankar Srivastava (1921-2017), Indian historian
- Harish Chandra Srivastava, Indian politician
- J. N. Srivastava (1933–2010), Indian mathematician
- Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1918–2008, recorded by Allahabad University as "M.C. Shrivastava"), introduced Transcendental Meditation
- Mansi Srivastava (born 1990), Indian TV actress
- Nikhil Srivastava, Indian mathematician
- Nirmala Srivastava (1923–2011), founder of Sahaja Yoga
- Onkar Nath Srivastava (born 1942), Indian physicist
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was the first President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962.
- Rajendra Srivastava (born 1951), Indian academic
- Raju Srivastav (born 1963), Indian comedian
- Ramesh Srivastava (born 1983), American singer
- Sanjeev Srivastava, Indian journalist
- Shailendra Nath Shrivastava (1936–2006), Indian politician
- Tara Rani Srivastava, Indian woman freedom fighter
- Notable Srivastavas who changed their name
- Amitabh Bachchan (born 1942), born as Amitabh Srivastava, Bollywood actor
- Harivansh Rai Bachchan (1907–2003), born as Harivansh Rai Srivastava, Indian poet
- Madan Mohan Malaviya (1861-1964), founder of Banaras Hindu University
- Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904–1966), second Prime Minister of India, son of Sharada Prasad Srivastava
- Zamindaar Babu Trilok Nath (1866–1960, born Trilok Nath Shrivastav), prince of British India
- Parichay Das, writer and editor, born Ravindra Nath Srivastava
- Natwarlal (1912–2009), born Mithilesh Kumar Srivastava, Indian con man
- Jayaprakash Narayan (1902–1979, son of Harsu Dayal Srivastava), Indian independence activist, social reformer and political leader
- Munshi Premchand (1880–1936, born Dhanpat Rai Srivastava), Indian writer
- Srivastava, Vinay Kumar (September 2016). "Speaking of Caste: Merit of the Principle of Segmentation". Sociological Bulletin. 65 (3): 317–338. doi:10.1177/0038022920160302. ISSN 0038-0229.
- "Caste and the Power Elite in Allahabad". Economic and Political Weekly. 50 (6): 7–8. 2015-06-05.
- Dec 19, Shibu Thomas / TNN /; 2009; Ist, 04:26. "woman: HC to decide woman's caste abuse case against husband | Mumbai News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2021-04-02.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "Kayasth". Merriam Webster. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
- Lucy Carroll (1977). "Caste, Community and Caste(s) Association: A Note on the Organization of the Kayastha Conference and the Definition of a Kayastha Community". Contributions to Asian studies, Volume 10. Brill Archive. p. 3. ISBN 978-90-04-04926-0.
- Hayden J. Bellenoit (17 February 2017). The Formation of the Colonial State in India: Scribes, Paper and Taxes, 1760–1860. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-134-49429-3.
- Gupta, Chitrarekha (1996). The Kāyasthas: a study in the formation and early history of a caste. K.P. Bagchi & Co. p. 117. ISBN 9788170741565.
This love and respect for knowledge were nothing special with the line of Jajuka. Rather, these were general features of the characters of the Sri-Vastavyas
- SHAH, K.K. (1993). "Self Legitimation and Social Primacy: A Case Study of Some Kayastha Inscriptions From Central India". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 54: 860–861. ISSN 2249-1937. JSTOR 44143088.
Vastavya, therefore, will have to be taken as a sub-caste a few members of which rose to very high positions in the administrative hierarchy of the Chandella kingdom. Two families from this branch of the Kayasthas have left three inscriptions for us containing an account of the mythical origin as also genealogical tree in order to establish their high Brahminic credentials...It is also noteworthy that both Jajuka and Maheshvara have remarkable military achievements to their credit which could put them on par with the Kshatriyas.
- Dikshit, R. K. (1976). The Candellas of Jejākabhukti. Abhinav Publications. pp. 71, 173–175, 190. ISBN 978-81-7017-046-4.
- Mitra, Sisir Kumar (1977). The Early Rulers of Khajuraho (Second Revised ed.). Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 180. ISBN 978-81-208-1997-9.
- Mazumdar, Bhakat Prasad (1960). "Castes and Professions". Socio-economic History of Northern India: (1030 - 1194 A.D.). Mukhopadhyay. pp. 101–103.
Members of Vastavya community rose to very high positions. They enjoyed the feudatory status of Thakkura under the Gahadavala Kings under Govindachandra and Jayachandra, and the Chandela King Bhojavarman...It is possible that because of their services, the king raised them to a higher status...His brothers, Jaundhara and Maladhara were valiant warriors...The history of these two families show that the Vastavyas could become valiant soldiers.
- Mazumdar, Bhakat Prasad (1960). Socio-economic History of Northern India: (1030 - 1194 A.D.). Mukhopadhyay. p. 100.
Three inscriptions written by these Vastavya Kayasthas for the Gahadavala kings Govindachandra and Jayachandra and also the Sahet Mahet inscription dated 1276 VS/1219-29 A.D....Nana's ancestors were inhabitants of Kausamyapura or Kosam in the Allahabad district originally.
- Sinha, Bindeshwari Prasad (2003). Kayasthas in making of modern Bihar. Impression Publication. p. 13.
Banaras plate of Govinchandra refers to Vastavya Kayastha.
- Niyogi, Roma (1959). The History of the Gāhaḍavāla Dynasty. Oriental Book Agency. p. 212.
It also contains a statue of Vastavya-Kayastha Thakkura Sri-Ranapala (in a soldier's outfit) who appears to have built...
- Bose, Mainak Kumar (1988). Late classical India. A. Mukherjee & Co.
- Cunningham, Sir Alexander (1873). Report for the Year 1871-72. Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing.
- Apte, Vaman Shivaram (1957–59). Revised and enlarged edition of Prin. V. S. Apte's The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary. Prasad Prakashan. p. 1575.
The word श्री is often used as an honorific prefix to the names of deities and eminent persons; श्रीकृष्णः, श्रीरामः, श्रिवाल्मीकिः, श्रीजयदेवः; also celebrated works, generally of a sacred character; श्रीभागवत, श्रीरामायण)&c.; it is also used as an auspicious sign at the commencement of letters, manuscripts &c
- Bhāratīya Vidyā. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. 1987.
- S. S. Shashi, ed. (1996). Encyclopaedia Indica: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh: Volume 100. Anmol. p. 117. ISBN 978-81-7041-859-7.