Srivastava (श्रीवास्तव; Hindi pronunciation: [ʃɾiːʋaːstəʋ]; Śrīvāstava), also spelled Shrivastava or Shrivastav, is a common surname found amongst Hindus from the Hindi Belt of India and Terai region of Nepal.
The title Śrīvāstava is the shortened form of Śrīvāstavya and thus derived directly from the Sanskrit root word vás (वास्) "to dwell" by adding the primary suffix tavyat which denotes an agent and causes the lengthening of the radical vowel; hence vāstavya means "a resident, inhabitant". 
Notable people with this name
Notable people named Srivastava (or its variations) include:
- Aadesh Shrivastava (1966–2015), Indian music director
- Aanjjan Srivastav (born 1948), Indian film, television and stage dancer/actor
- Aditya Shrivastava (born 1968), Indian actor
- Alankrita Shrivastava, Indian filmmaker
- Anand & Milind Shrivastav, Indian music directors
- Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava (1899–1973), Indian historian
- Chandrika Prasad Srivastava (1920–2013), Indian diplomat
- Chitragupta Shrivastava, Indian music director
- Dheer Charan Srivastav (born 1967), Indian actor
- Ganesh Prasad Srivastava (1933–2011), physicist, author
- Hari Shankar Srivastava (born 1922), Indian historian
- Harish Chandra Srivastava, Indian politician
- Harivansh Rai Srivastava (1907–2003), better known as Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Indian poet
- J. N. Srivastava (1933–2010), Indian mathematician
- Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1918–2008, recorded by Allahabad University as "M.C. Shrivastava"), introduced Transcendental Meditation
- Mansi Srivastava (born 1990), Indian TV actress
- Nikhil Srivastava, Indian mathematician
- Nirmala Srivastava (1923–2011), founder of Sahaja Yoga
- Onkar Nath Srivastava (born 1942), Indian physicist
- Rajendra Srivastava, Indian academic
- Raju Srivastav (born 1963), Indian comedian
- Ramesh Srivastava, American singer
- Sanjeev Srivastava, Indian journalist
- Shailendra Nath Shrivastava, Indian politician
- Tara Rani Srivastava, Indian woman freedom fighter
- Notable Srivastavas who changed their name
- Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904–1966), second Prime Minister of India, son of Sharada Prasad Srivastava
- Zamindaar Babu Trilok Nath (1866–1960, born Trilok Nath Shrivastav), prince of British India
- Amitabh Bachchan (born Inquilaab Srivastava in 1942), son of Harivansh Rai Srivastava Bachchan, and his son Abhishek Bachchan (born 1976), noted Indian actors
- Parichay Das, writer and editor, born Ravindra Nath Srivastava
- Natwarlal (1912–2009), born Mithilesh Kumar Srivastava, Indian con man
- Jayaprakash Narayan (1902–1979, son of Harsu Dayal Srivastava), Indian independence activist, social reformer and political leader
- Munshi Premchand (1880–1936, born Dhanpat Rai Srivastava), Indian writer
- Lucy Carroll (1977). "Caste, Community and Caste(s) Association: A Note on the Organization of the Kayastha Conference and the Definition of a Kayastha Community". Contributions to Asian studies, Volume 10. Brill Archive. p. 3. ISBN 978-90-04-04926-0.
- Kaminsky, Arnold P.; Long, Roger D. (2011-09-30). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313374623.
- Bose, Mainak Kumar (1988). Late classical India. A. Mukherjee & Co.
- Cunningham, Sir Alexander (1873). Report for the Year 1871-72. Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing.
- Bhāratīya Vidyā. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. 1987.
- "Swat Valley". Pakistan Paedia. 28 February 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- S. S. Shashi, ed. (1996). Encyclopaedia Indica: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh: Volume 100. Anmol. p. 117. ISBN 978-81-7041-859-7.
- Bhardwaj, Kritika; Sharma, Dr Ashok K. Malala: The Crusader of Fearless Freedom. Diamond Pocket Books Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9788128828010.
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