Srubna culture

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Srubna culture
Geographical range Eurasian steppe
Period Bronze Age
Dates c. 1800 BC – 1200 BC
Preceded by Yamna culture
Followed by Scythia
A reconstructed hut of the Srubna culture.

The Srubna culture (Russian: Сру́бная культу́ра, Ukrainian: Зрубна́ культу́ра, also English: Timber-grave culture) was a Late Bronze Age (18th–12th centuries BC) culture. It is a successor to the Yamna culture (Pit Grave culture) and the Poltavka culture.

It occupied the area along and above the north shore of the Black Sea from the Dnieper eastwards along the northern base of the Caucasus to the area abutting the north shore of the Caspian Sea, west of the Ural Mountains to come up against the domain of the approximately contemporaneous and somewhat related Andronovo culture.

The name comes from Russian cруб (srub), "timber framework", from the way graves were constructed. Animal parts were buried with the body.

The economy was mixed agriculture and livestock breeding. The historical Cimmerians have been suggested as descended from this culture.

The Srubna culture is succeeded by Scythians and Sarmatians in the 1st millennium BC, and by Khazars and Kipchaks in the first millennium AD.

Srubna objects from the Hermitage Museum collections
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