Srubna culture

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A reconstructed hut of the Srubna culture.

The Srubna culture (Russian: Сру́бная культу́ра, Ukrainian: Зрубна́ культу́ра, also English: Timber-grave culture) was a Late Bronze Age (18th–12th centuries BC) culture.[1] It is a successor to the Yamna culture (Pit Grave culture) and the Poltavka culture.[1]

It occupied the area along and above the north shore of the Black Sea from the Dnieper eastwards along the northern base of the Caucasus to the area abutting the north shore of the Caspian Sea, west of the Ural Mountains to come up against the domain of the approximately contemporaneous and somewhat related Andronovo culture.

The name comes from Russian cруб (srub), "timber framework", from the way graves were constructed. Animal parts were buried with the body.

The economy was mixed agriculture and livestock breeding. The historical Cimmerians have been suggested as descended from this culture.

A study on DNA variation among ancient Europeans found that, of the 6 samples extracted from Srubna culture sites for whom a Y-DNA hapogroup could be tested, all belonged to haplogroup R1a, and four of them to subclade R1a-Z93, which is common among modern-day Indo-Iranians.[2]

The Srubna culture is succeeded by Scythians and Sarmatians in the 1st millennium BC, and by Khazars and Kipchaks in the first millennium AD.[1]

Srubna objects from the Hermitage Museum collections
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  1. ^ a b c J. P. Mallory, "Srubna Culture", Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997.
  2. ^ Iain Mathieson; et al. (2015). "Eight thousand years of natural selection in Europe". doi:10.1101/016477. 

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