Ss. Peter and Paul, Wannsee

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SS. Peter and Paul
St. Peter und Paul
St Peter und Paul Berlin Nikolskoe.jpg
Ss. Peter and Paul on Nikolskoë
Ss. Peter and Paul, Wannsee is located in Berlin
Ss. Peter and Paul, Wannsee
Ss. Peter and Paul, Wannsee
Location Glienicke, Berlin
Country Germany
Denomination Protestant
History
Founder(s) Frederick William III of Prussia
Architecture
Heritage designation UNESCO World Heritage Site
Designated 1990
Style Eastern Orthodox church architecture
Years built 1834-7
Administration
Parish none
Ss. Peter and Paul, Wannsee
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Germany Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 52°25′29″N 13°07′03″E / 52.42459°N 13.11753°E / 52.42459; 13.11753
Criteria i, ii, iv
Reference 532
Inscription 1990 (extended in 1992 and 1999) (14th Session)
Ss. Peter and Paul, Wannsee is located in Germany
Ss. Peter and Paul, Wannsee
Location of Ss. Peter and Paul, Wannsee

Ss. Peter and Paul Church on Nikolskoë is a Protestant church in the Volkspark Glienecke in Berlin, Germany. It is currently administered by the Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia. The church is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin.

History[edit]

King Friedrich Wilhelm III had the church built for the residents of Klein-Glienicke and Pfaueninsel on a bluff on the Havel near the Pfaueninsel and the Nikolskoë Blockhouse. It was designed by the architects Friedrich August Stüler and Albert Dietrich Schadow (de). Friedrich Wilhelm selected the Russian style to commemorate the marriage of his daughter Charlotte to the later Tsar Nicholas I of Russia. The king visited them at St. Petersburg in 1818 and for a return visit a year later had a Russian-style blockhouse built in the park at Glienicke, naming it Nikolskoë. In 1832, the king then ordered the construction of the nearby church which took place from 1834 to 1837.[1]

It was inaugurated on August 13, 1837.

Until 1961, when the Berlin Wall cut the parish into three separate parts, Ss. Peter and Paul Church was part of the Evangelical Congregation of Neubabelsberg, then comprising a parish in Potsdam-Babelsberg, Klein-Glienicke (divided between Berlin and Potsdam), Nikolskoë and Potsdam-Sacrow with the further chapel in Klein-Glienicke and the Church of the Redeemer, Sacrow.

On December 22, 1941 the official German Evangelical Church called for suited actions by all Protestant church bodies to withhold baptised non-Aryans from all spheres of Protestant church life.[2] Many German Christian-dominated congregations followed suit. However, the Evangelical Congregation of Neubabelsberg handed in a list of signatures in protest against the exclusion of the stigmatised Protestants of Jewish descent.[3]

Description[edit]

The church has a Russian Orthodox profile, with the noteworthy difference that it has only one onion dome, instead of the five usually seen in Russia.

Ss. Peter and Paul contains the grave of Prince Charles of Prussia. The design of its current glockenspiel is based on that of the Potsdam Garrison Church.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historisches (German)". Evangelische Kirche. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  2. ^ Circular (Rundschreiben) by the church chancery of the German Evangelical Church to all governing bodies of the Protestant church bodies (22 December 1941), published in Kurt Meier, Kirche und Judentum: Die Haltung der evangelischen Kirche zur Judenpolitik des Dritten Reiches, Halle upon Saale: Niemeyer, 1968, pp. 116seq. No ISBN.
  3. ^ Cf. Evangelisches Zentralarchiv, Berlin: I/C3/172, vol. 3.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°25′28″N 13°07′09″E / 52.42444°N 13.11917°E / 52.42444; 13.11917