Ss. Peter and Paul, Wannsee
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|SS. Peter and Paul|
|St. Peter und Paul|
Ss. Peter and Paul on Nikolskoë
|Founder(s)||Frederick William III of Prussia|
|Heritage designation||UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Style||Eastern Orthodox church architecture|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Criteria||i, ii, iv|
|Inscription||1990 (extended in 1992 and 1999) (14th Session)|
Ss. Peter and Paul Church on Nikolskoë is a Protestant church in the Volkspark Glienecke in Berlin, Germany. It is currently administered by the Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia. The church is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin.
King Friedrich Wilhelm III had the church built for the residents of Klein-Glienicke and Pfaueninsel on a bluff on the Havel near the Pfaueninsel and the Nikolskoë Blockhouse. It was designed by the architects Friedrich August Stüler and Albert Dietrich Schadow. Friedrich Wilhelm selected the Russian style to commemorate the marriage of his daughter Charlotte to the later Tsar Nicholas I of Russia. The king visited them at St. Petersburg in 1818 and for a return visit a year later had a Russian-style blockhouse built in the park at Glienicke, naming it Nikolskoë. In 1832, the king then ordered the construction of the nearby church which took place from 1834 to 1837.
It was inaugurated on August 13, 1837.
Until 1961, when the Berlin Wall cut the parish into three separate parts, Ss. Peter and Paul Church was part of the Evangelical Congregation of Neubabelsberg, then comprising a parish in Potsdam-Babelsberg, Klein-Glienicke (divided between Berlin and Potsdam), Nikolskoë and Potsdam-Sacrow with the further chapel in Klein-Glienicke and the Church of the Redeemer, Sacrow.
On December 22, 1941 the official German Evangelical Church called for suited actions by all Protestant church bodies to withhold baptised non-Aryans from all spheres of Protestant church life. Many German Christian-dominated congregations followed suit. However, the Evangelical Congregation of Neubabelsberg handed in a list of signatures in protest against the exclusion of the stigmatised Protestants of Jewish descent.
- "Historisches (German)". Evangelische Kirche. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Circular (Rundschreiben) by the church chancery of the German Evangelical Church to all governing bodies of the Protestant church bodies (22 December 1941), published in Kurt Meier, Kirche und Judentum: Die Haltung der evangelischen Kirche zur Judenpolitik des Dritten Reiches, Halle upon Saale: Niemeyer, 1968, pp. 116seq. No ISBN.
- Cf. Evangelisches Zentralarchiv, Berlin: I/C3/172, vol. 3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St. Peter und Paul (Berlin-Wannsee).|
- St. Peter und Paul auf der Website Kulturführer Berlin
- Kirche St. Peter und Paul
- Evangelische Kirche St. Peter und Paul auf Nikolskoe
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