Entrance to the school
Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany|
The Städelschule (German pronunciation: [ˈʃtɛːdl̩ʃuːlə]), Staatliche Hochschule für Bildende Künste, is a tertiary school of art in Frankfurt am Main, in central Germany. It accepts about 20 students each year from 500 applicants, and has a total of approximately 140 students of visual arts and 50 of architecture. About 75% of the students are not from Germany, and courses are taught in English.
The Städelschule was established by the Städel Institute in 1817, following an endowment left by de:Johann Friedrich Städel (1728-1816), a wealthy banker and patron of the arts. In his will he left his house, art collection and fortune in order that the Städel Institute of Art could be set up to display his art collection and to provide scholarships for poor children to receive training in architecture and art. He want them to be "...educated to become valuable and useful citizens and artists".
Städel died on 2 December 1816, and from 1817 scholarships were given out. It was Städel's intention only that funds should be provided to pay for students' tuition at other schools, however the institute employed its first teacher, Johann Andreas Benjamin Reges (1772-1847), from 1817. He taught students in his house, and, from Summer 1817, at an orphanage. 19 students were taught in the first year. In 1829 it was decided that the Städel Institute of Art would be an art education institute and the teachers Philipp Veit (1793-1877, painting), Friedrich Maximilian Hessemer (1800-1860, architecture) and de:Johann Nepomuk Zwerger (1796-1868, sculpture) were appointed. Around 1930, the Frankfurt Kunstgewerbeschule (established 1878) was incorporated into the Städelschule.
The school was later taken over by the city of Frankfurt. The school is the only one in Germany to be funded by a city rather than a state administration. In 2007, the Städelschule received funding of €3.8 million from the city.:322 From 1 January 2019 the Städelschule will become an educational institution of the state of Hesse, and it will be funded by the state, rather than the city of Frankfurt.
Many artists teach or have taught at the school. Among the current staff are Willem de Rooij, Peter Fischli, Douglas Gordon, Michael Krebber and Tobias Rehberger. Max Beckmann taught at the Städelschule during the Weimar Republic, but was classed as a "degenerate artist" and dismissed from his position under the Nazi régime. His work was shown in the Degenerate Art Exhibition of 1937.
- Städelschule Frankfurt: Beyond the Genre Boundaries. Goethe-Institut. Retrieved February 2017.
- Meyer, Corina (2017) The origins of the Städelschule (PDF). Retrieved 26 January 2018
- Städelschule.History. Retrieved 26 January 2018
- Salden, Hubert (ed.) (1999) Die Städelschule Frankfurt am Main von 1817 bis 1995. Mainz: Schmidt Hermann Verlag
- Koska, Dietrich (2007) Good Neighbors. In: Heike Belzer, Daniel Birnbaum (eds.). Kunst lehren – Teaching Art. Frankfurt: Städelschule.
- von Bebenburg, Pitt (16.12.2017) Stadt Frankfurt gibt die Städelschule ab in Frankfurter Rundschau. Retrieved 26 January 2018
- Max Beckmann (1884-1950). Galerie St. Etienne. Retrieved February 2017.
- Perry, Diana (13 June 2013) The Best of Germany: Städelschule