Stühlingen

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Stühlingen
Coat of arms of Stühlingen
Coat of arms
Stühlingen is located in Germany
Stühlingen
Stühlingen
Location of Stühlingen within Waldshut district
AarBreisgau-HochschwarzwaldLörrach (district)Konstanz (district)Tuttlingen (district)Schwarzwald-Baar-KreisAlbbruckBad SäckingenBernau im SchwarzwaldBonndorfDachsbergDettighofenDogernEggingenGörwihlGrafenhausenHäusernHerrischriedHöchenschwandHohentengen am HochrheinIbachJestettenKlettgauKüssabergLauchringenLaufenburgLottstettenMurgRickenbachSankt BlasienStühlingenTodtmoosÜhlingen-BirkendorfWaldshut-TiengenWehrWeilheimWutachWutöschingenSwitzerlandRhineStühlingen in WT.svg
About this image
Coordinates: 47°44′43″N 8°26′45″E / 47.74528°N 8.44583°E / 47.74528; 8.44583Coordinates: 47°44′43″N 8°26′45″E / 47.74528°N 8.44583°E / 47.74528; 8.44583
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionFreiburg
DistrictWaldshut
Government
 • MayorIsolde Schäfer
Area
 • Total93.20 km2 (35.98 sq mi)
Elevation501 m (1,644 ft)
Population (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total5,248
 • Density56/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes79778–79780
Dialling codes07703, 07709, 07743, 07744
Vehicle registrationWT
Websitewww.stuehlingen.de
Landgraviate of Stühlingen
Landgrafschaft Stühlingen
1120–1806
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalStühlingen
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Established
1120
• To Kussenberg*
1172
• To Lupfen
1251
• Purchased by
    Pappenheim

1582
• To Fürstenberg
1639
• Mediatised to Baden
1806
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Grand Duchy of Baden
* All transfers were on the extinction of the previous comital lines.
† Inheritance by Pappenheim settled in 1603, after the payment of 80,000 gulden twenty years previously.

Stühlingen is a town in the Waldshut district in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated on the border with Switzerland, with a border crossing to the village of Oberwiesen in Schleitheim municipality, 15 km northwest of Schaffhausen town.

Location[edit]

Geographical area[edit]

Stühlingen is a climatic resort that lies on the Wutach on the southern edge of the Black Forest at an altitude between 449 and 601 metres, directly on the Swiss border near the community of Schleitheim.

Neighbouring towns[edit]

Towns in the neighbourhood of Stühlingen are Schaffhausen (Switzerland), Bonndorf, Blumberg, Stein am Rhein (Switzerland), Waldshut-Tiengen, Singen and Donaueschingen.

Town districts[edit]

The separate communities of Bettmaringen, Blumegg, Eberfingen, Grimmelshofen, Lausheim, Mauchen, Oberwangen, Schwaningen, Unterwangen and Weizen belong to Stühlingen together with 32 further small villages.

The Abandoned villages of Ottwangen and Tandlekofen are in the Bettmaringen area. In the Blumegg district there is the ruined Castle of Blumegg and in front of the castle there are abandoned houses. Near Lausheim there are the remains of an undocumented and unnamed Burg.[2]

History[edit]

By Roman times the valley floor in the immediate neighbourhood of Stühlingen had been long settled. In Grimmelshofen graves have been found dating from the late Merovingian period. The foundations of Schloss Hohenlupfen date from this time since they are built on the foundations of a Roman signal Tower.

The year 1262 was significant in that the Count of Lupfen enclosed an oval area on a mountain spur above the Wutach valley. He obtained a town charter and today this is the town of Stühlingen. The town obtained a market charter and was the seat of justice. The oval area formed by the town walls and the Upper Gate is known today as the „Marktplatz“.

During the Swabian War the territory of the Lupfener Counts became the target of the peasants, who conquered and burnt the town in 1499.

In 1524 the Stühlinger peasant insurrection took the overlordship from the Hohenlupfens. There exists a legend, that this insurrection formed the initial spark of the German Peasants' War. It is documented, that the South Baden ring leader Hans Müller von Bulgenbach originated from a hamlet in the vicinity.

In the middle of the 19th century the town gates were demolished.

At the start of the 20th century the law court in Stühlingen was abolished.

During the Third Reich the Stühlingen town charter was repealed under the Deutsche Gemeindeordnung of 1935. At the end of the Second World War it was restored. The granting of the town charter was marked by the planting of a linden tree in the Jewish quarter, the „Stadtlinde“.

In 1960 a swimming pool was opened, and in the 2006 season the „Schwimmfreunde Stühlingen“ association was formed.

In 1962 Stühling celebrated the 700 year anniversary of the granting of the town charter in 1262.

On 1 January 1975 Stühlingen increased in size from approx. 1800 to over 5000 inhabitants through boundary changes in Baden-Württemberg. At the same time Stühlingen increased its area to 9300 Hectares.

On 26 March 2007 the construction of an old peoples home with sheltered accommodation was begun. This was expected to be completed at the beginning of 2008. In July the ground breaking ceremony for the Centenary Lower Town Project took place, for this the community had obtained credit in millions.

Town twinnings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Amtliche Beschreibung nach Kreisen und Gemeinden. Band VI: Regierungsbezirk Freiburg Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2. S. 1022–1028

External links[edit]