Wilmot, Ontario

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Wilmot
Township (lower-tier)
Township of Wilmot
Peel Street in New Hamburg
Peel Street in New Hamburg
Motto: Building a Sure Foundation
Wilmot is located in Southern Ontario
Wilmot
Wilmot
Coordinates: 43°24′N 80°39′W / 43.400°N 80.650°W / 43.400; -80.650Coordinates: 43°24′N 80°39′W / 43.400°N 80.650°W / 43.400; -80.650
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Waterloo
Settled 1822
Incorporated 1850
Government
 • Mayor Les Armstrong
 • Councillors Al Junker, Peter Roe, Barry Fisher, Jeff Gerber, Mark Murray
 • Federal riding Kitchener—Conestoga
 • Prov. riding Kitchener—Conestoga
Area[1]
 • Land 263.72 km2 (101.82 sq mi)
Elevation 370 m (1,210 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 19,223
 • Density 72.9/km2 (189/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code N3A
Area code(s) 519 and 226
Website www.wilmot.ca
Wilmot within Waterloo Region

The Township of Wilmot is a rural township in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo in southwestern Ontario, Canada.

History[edit]

Wilmot Township was a Crown Reserve by 1791. After a survey in 1824, Mennonites from Waterloo Township and Amish from Europe began to settle here. After 1828, Roman Catholics and Lutherans from Alsace and Germany, Anglicans from Britain and others arrived and began to develop the area and construct buildings and roads. [2]

Officially, the first settlers, in 1838, were John Meyer, Peter Wilker, Jacob Stoebler, Deobold Segler, and John Marteyne. In 1840, the township became part of the District of Wellington and received the right to elect officials and to tax land owners. The first Township council was elected in January 1850.[3]

At the 1841 population count there were 2,200 people, most of whom were "Germans". The post office opened in 1844.

Records from 1846 indicate that the township consisted of 51,463 acres of which 15,310 were being cultivated. Existing villages included Hamburg and Haysville, and there were two grist mills and nine sawmills on the Nith River, or Smith's Creek. [4]

By 1864, the township included a Lutheran church, a tannery, one store, two hotels, two wagon makers, shoe and boot makers, as well as carpenters and mechanics. The school had about 60 students. The settlement was receiving mail daily.[5] There were also two Roman Catholic Separate Schools in the township of Wilmot in 1864.[6][7]

Some of the original settlements have Heritage signs indicating their location in the 1800s: Holland Mills, Josephsburg, New Prussia, Pinehill, Punkeydoodle's Corner, Rosebank, Victoriaburg, and Waldau.[8]

Communities[edit]

The township comprises the communities of Baden, Berlett's Corners, Haysville, Josephburg, Luxemburg, Mannheim, New Dundee, New Hamburg, New Prussia, Petersburg, Phillipsburg, St. Agatha, Schindelsteddle and Wilmot Centre, as well as most of Punkeydoodles Corners, a crossroads which straddles the municipal boundaries of Wilmot, East Zorra – Tavistock and Perth East.

St. Agatha was initially called Wilmot and then it was renamed probably after the local Catholic church that had been built in the 1830s.[9] Most early settlers to this area were German: Amish Mennonites, Lutherans, and Roman Catholics. The latter were the majority, making St. Agatha the centre of Catholic community in the Township. By 1834, there wer two public log schools and a Catholic log school. More modern school buildings were erected about 20 years later. The Amish Mennonites built their meeting house in 1885.[10]

Some of the settlers moved on to other areas so the community remained small. In 1869, the population was only and by 1890 it had dropped to 200. By 1906, there was a hotel, a blacksmith shop, some stores and various tradesmen.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[12]

  • Population in 2011: 19,223 (2006–2011 population change: 12.4%)
  • Population in 2006: 17,097
  • Population in 2001: 14,866
  • Population in 1996: 13,831
  • Population in 1991: 13,107

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 6963 (total dwellings: 7158)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]