Rural Municipality of St. Andrews

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St. Andrews
Rural Municipality
St. Andrews Anglican Church
St. Andrews Anglican Church
St. Andrews is located in Manitoba
St. Andrews
St. Andrews
Coordinates: 50°16′12″N 96°58′29″W / 50.27000°N 96.97472°W / 50.27000; -96.97472Coordinates: 50°16′12″N 96°58′29″W / 50.27000°N 96.97472°W / 50.27000; -96.97472
Country Canada
Province Manitoba
RegionWinnipeg Metro Region
Government
 • MayorJoy Sul
Area
 • Total752.22 km2 (290.43 sq mi)
Elevation223 m (732 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total11,913
 • Density16/km2 (41/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal Code
R0C 0P0
Area codes204, 431
Websitermofstandrews.com

St. Andrews is a rural municipality in Manitoba, Canada. It lies west Red River; its southern border is approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) north of Winnipeg. The communities of Clandeboye, Petersfield, and Lockport (the part west of the Red River) are located in St. Andrews. The city of Selkirk, the town of Winnipeg Beach, and the village of Dunnottar are located adjacent to the municipality but are separate urban municipalities. St. Andrews is part of Manitoba census division 13.

History[edit]

Since the Red River was an important means of transportation in the early settlement and parish, much of St. Andrews' history can be seen along River Road. The parish of St. Andrews was situated between two major fur trading centers of the Hudson's Bay Company, Lower Fort Garry (near present-day Selkirk) and Upper Fort Garry (located in present-day Winnipeg).

The name St. Andrews was derived from the Anglican parish of St. Andrews, which existed for several decades prior to the formation of the municipality in February 1880.[3]

St. Andrews Anglican Church is one of the most well known historical sites. Built in 1849, it served a centre of Anglican missionary activity in Rupert's Land. It is the oldest surviving stone church in Western Canada and was designated a national historic site in 1970. Its distinctive steeple and Gothic Revival architecture make it instantly recognizable and the building is used as symbol for both the community as well as the nearby St. Andrews elementary school.

Captain William Kennedy House is located along the Red River about 200 m (660 ft) north of the St. Andrews church. Built in 1866 by Captain William Kennedy (1814–1890) it is now used as a museum and tea house. Its nearby flower garden is well known among locals and is commonly used for wedding photos. It was officially recognized as a provincial heritage site in 1984.[4]

Twin Oaks and Miss Davis' School Residence was a girls school and boarding house built in the 1850s by the Red River Settlement and the Hudson's Bay Company.[5] It became a National Historic site in 1962.

Points of interest[edit]

Lockport Locks @ St. Andrews, Manitoba

In addition to the St. Andrews church, the municipality contains many historical and significant buildings and establishments include the St. Andrews Rectory, Captain Kennedy House, Lower Fort Garry, River Road Heritage Parkway, St. Andrews Locks and Dam, Little Britain United Church and Cemetery, Twin Oaks, and St. John's Cathedral Boys' School in Breezy Point. These and several others have been officially recognized as national, provincial, or municipal historic sites. Other noteworthy establishments include the St. Andrews airport, St. Andrews school, the municipal office, Larter's golf course, River Road Provincial Park, and Oak Hammock Marsh (a nature preserve which lies partly in St. Andrews).

St. Andrews Airport opened in 1962. It provides an alternative to Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport for smaller aircraft including many flying to remote First Nation communities.[6][7] The privately owned and operated Selkirk Airport and Selkirk Water Aerodrome services smaller aircraft with landing facilities on both land and the nearby Red River for floatplanes.[8][9]

Notable people born in St. Andrews include Darren Helm, a professional ice hockey player for the Detroit Red Wings of the National Hockey League.

Communities and Localities[edit]

  • Breezy Point
  • Chalet Beach
  • Clandeboye
  • Cloverdale
  • Less Crossing
  • Little Britain
  • Lockport (part)
  • Matlock
  • McDonald
  • Melnice
  • Netley
  • Old England
  • Parkdale
  • Peguis
  • Ponemah
  • Petersfield
  • Rossdale
  • St. Andrews
  • Sans Souci

Water[edit]

Residents and businesses in the R.M. of St. Andrews get drinking water from private wells on their own land or purchase water from bulk water suppliers.[10] Two underground carbonate aquifer wells located in the municipality supply part of the drinking water for the nearby City of Selkirk.[11]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19817,990—    
19868,755+9.6%
199610,144+15.9%
200110,695+5.4%
200611,359+6.2%
201111,875+4.5%
201611,913+0.3%

Governance[edit]

St. Andrews is a municipal government, led by a mayor and 6 councillors. Since 2012, the mayor of St. Andrews has come under some scrutiny for being the highest-paid mayor of the Winnipeg metro region.[12] The municipal office for St. Andrews is located in Clandeboye.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2016 Census Profile - RM of St. Andrews". statcan.gc.ca. November 29, 2017. Retrieved December 25, 2019.
  2. ^ "Elevation at St. Andrews". earthtools.org.
  3. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: St. Andrews". The Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Captain William Kennedy House". The Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Miss Davis' School Residence / Twin Oaks National Historic Site of Canada". The Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  6. ^ "St. Andrews Airport celebrates 50 years of flight". CTV News Winnipeg. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  7. ^ "St Andrews Airport". Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Riverside Aircraft". Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Selkirk and Gimli". Old Jets. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  10. ^ Partnership of the Manitoba Capital Region Assessment of Regional Water Infrastructure (PDF). Winnipeg: Stantec Consulting Ltd. April 8, 2016. p. 10. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Public Water System Annual Report 2018". City of Selkirk. January 10, 2021.
  12. ^ Bill Redekop (17 February 2015). "Salaries for municipal leaders in the capital region vary widely - Winnipeg Free Press". Winnipegfreepress.com. Retrieved October 29, 2015.

External links[edit]