Saint Andrews, New Brunswick
Saint Andrews By-the-Sea
|Named for||Saint Andrew's Day|
|• Type||New Brunswick Municipality|
|• Mayor||Brad Henderson|
|• Deputy Mayor||Kate Akagi|
|• Councillors||Kurt Gumushel, Steve Neil, Marc Blanchard, James Hirtle, Lee Heenan|
|• CAO||Chris Spear|
|• Land||8.35 km2 (3.22 sq mi)|
|• Density||213.9/km2 (554/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (Atlantic (AST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-3 (ADT)|
|Canadian Postal code|
|NTS Map||21G3 St. Stephen|
Saint Andrews (2016 population: 1,786) is a town in Charlotte County, New Brunswick, Canada. The historic town is a national historic site of Canada, bearing many characteristics of a typical 18th century British colonial settlement, including the original grid layout with its market square, and the classical architecture.
Although often shortened in non-official sources to St. Andrews, the town's legal name is spelt Saint Andrews, and appears as such on the town's website; St. Andrews by-the-Sea is a brand used for tourism purposes by the local Chamber of Commerce.
The site of the town was named Qunnnoskwamk'ook, meaning long gravel bar in the Malecite-Passamaquoddy language. The present name was given by a French missionary who landed at the site on Saint Andrew's Day. At the eastern end the town is a midden, a pile of shells and other refuse that accumulated over two thousand years due to year-round activity of the Passamaquoddy. It is today a provincial heritage site.
The site was settled in 1783 by Penobscot Loyalists. The town's street grid was designed by Charles Morris and was laid out at that time and persists today. Except for the shoreline Water Street, street names have royal or colonial associations (Parr Street, Carleton Street and Montague Street are all named after Governors. These streets cross thirteen streets named after the children of George III.). Also typical of British colonial settlement of the time are the defensive sites, public spaces, and delineation of the town.
Between 1820 and 1860, the port of Saint Andrews welcomed Irish immigrants. They were first quarantined at Hospital Island, in Passamaquoddy Bay. At the 1851 census, more than 50% of the town's population had been born in Ireland.
The Pendlebury Lighthouse, also known as the St. Andrews North Point Lighthouse, was built in 1833 at the tip of the peninsula. It was deactivated in 1938, and has since been restored and registered as a Canadian historic place.
In 1840, the Charlotte County Court House was built, and was used continually until 2016.
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, St. Andrews became a seaside resort for people from Montreal and Boston who were seeking to escape the summer heat. The town's first seaside hotel, the Argyll, opened in 1881. It was followed in 1889 by The Algonquin, a resort on a hill overlooking the town, which became Canada's first seaside resort. The Argyll burned down in 1892 and was never rebuilt while the Algonquin burned in 1914 and was rebuilt one year later. The lifestyle of wealthy summer visitors is commemorated at the Ross Memorial Museum.
The town was designated a national historic site in 1998.
Saint Andrews is at the southern tip of a peninsula, extending into Passamaquoddy Bay. The waterfront faces Saint Andrews Harbour and the Western Channel, which is formed by Navy Island. The harbour is at the mouth of the St. Croix River.
The town is directly opposite the community of Robbinston, Maine, 2 kilometres to the west across the river mouth, and 53 km by road.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Saint Andrews had a population of 2,048 living in 921 of its 1,096 total private dwellings, a change of 14.7% from its 2016 population of 1,786. With a land area of 8.35 km2 (3.22 sq mi), it had a population density of 245.3/km2 (635.2/sq mi) in 2021.
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Saint Andrews, New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
- https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=1302026&Geo2=PR&Code2=13&SearchText=Saint%20Andrews&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1&type=0; retrieved: 20 June 2020.
- "St. Andrews Historic District National Historic Site of Canada". www.pc.gc.ca. Government of Canada. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- "New Brunswick Regulation 85-6 under the Municipalities Act (O.C. 85-45)". Government of New Brunswick. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- "Town of Saint Andrews, New Brunswick". Big Bright Sun Communications. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- "St. Andrews". Provincial Archives of New Brunswick. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
- "Pagan Point". www.historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- Siebert, Wilbur (1914). "Provincial Archives of New Brunswick". archives.gnb.ca. The Ohio State University. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
- "Our Heritage". St. Andrews by-the-Sea. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- Parks Canada Agency, Government of Canada (1 June 2020). "St. Andrews Blockhouse National Historic Site". www.pc.gc.ca. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- Irish Canadian Cultural Association of New Brunswick Archived 2009-07-26 at the Wayback Machine
- "Pendlebury Lighthouse". www.historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
- David Sullivan, Argyll Hotel, Old New Brunswick, Accessed August 23, 2016
- "Heritage, Arts & Culture". Town of Saint Andrews. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- "Ross Memorial Museum". Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- "Huntsman Marine Science Centre". Huntsman Marine Science Centre. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- "The Van Horne Estate on Ministers Island, Crossing Tides & Time, A Unique Canadian Maritime Coastal Experience, St Andrews by the sea, New Brunswick, Canada". ministersisland.net. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
- NBCC St. Andrews, Campus of New Brunswick Community College.
- Schools in Anglophone South School District
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