St. Anthony, Idaho

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St. Anthony, Idaho
City
Fremont County Courthouse in St. Anthony
Fremont County Courthouse in St. Anthony
Location of St. Anthony in Fremont County, Idaho.
Location of St. Anthony in Fremont County, Idaho.
St. Anthony, Idaho is located in the US
St. Anthony, Idaho
St. Anthony, Idaho
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 43°57′58″N 111°41′4″W / 43.96611°N 111.68444°W / 43.96611; -111.68444Coordinates: 43°57′58″N 111°41′4″W / 43.96611°N 111.68444°W / 43.96611; -111.68444
Country United States
State Idaho
County Fremont
Area[1]
 • Total 1.56 sq mi (4.04 km2)
 • Land 1.54 sq mi (3.99 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 4,967 ft (1,514 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,542
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 3,504
 • Density 2,275.32/sq mi (878.27/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-71020
GNIS feature ID 0398080
Website www.cityofstanthony.org

St. Anthony is a city in and the county seat of Fremont County, Idaho, United States.[4] The population was 3,542 at the 2010 census, up from 3,342 in 2000.[5] It is part of the Rexburg, Idaho Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Previous to the foundation of St. Anthony, Major Andrew Henry established a short-lived fort a few miles west of where the city stands today. This post was last used in the Fall of 1811, but left a lasting mark on the area as Henry is the namesake for the Henrys Fork of the Snake River, which St. Anthony sits along.[6][7]

The early history of the city is disputed, with some sources pointing toward St. Anthony being founded in 1888 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,[8] while others point to it being established in 1890. About this same time, a bridge was built over the Henrys Fork where St. Anthony stands today.[9] The city was named after Saint Anthony Falls in Minnesota.[10]

The railroad came to St. Anthony in 1899 and the first post office was established in 1901. Charles C. Moore arrived on the first train to the city. He taught school in the city and served as postmaster from 1908 to 1913 before being elected as governor of Idaho in 1922.[11] He would later die in St. Anthony at the age of 92.[12]

Early in the life of the city, businesses would close their doors around noon on Wednesday to enjoy a day of rest and for the city's ball team to play against those in neighboring towns.

The first LDS Stake to be headquartered in St. Anthony, the Yellowstone Stake, was established in 1909 with David O. McKay presiding at the proceedings. By 1912 the Yellowstone Tabernacle had been erected by the church at a cost of $79,074, which would have costed $1.9 million in 2016.[13][14]

The first county courthouse was built in 1909, with the first cinema opening in 1911 to show silent films. By 1928 the city had two motion picture theaters, the Rialto and the Rex. The Rialto was the first to bring motion pictures containing audio to St. Anthony.[10]

Today the current post office and the current courthouse are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[15]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.55 square miles (4.01 km2), of which, 1.53 square miles (3.96 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[16] St. Anthony is located along the Henrys Fork of the Snake River and on US Highway 20 about 10 miles northeast of Rexburg. The city is situated about 70 miles from the west entrance to Yellowstone National Park.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 411
1910 1,238 201.2%
1920 2,957 138.9%
1930 2,778 −6.1%
1940 2,719 −2.1%
1950 2,695 −0.9%
1960 2,700 0.2%
1970 2,877 6.6%
1980 3,212 11.6%
1990 3,010 −6.3%
2000 3,342 11.0%
2010 3,542 6.0%
Est. 2016 3,504 [3] −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,542 people, 1,118 households, and 857 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,315.0 inhabitants per square mile (893.8/km2). There were 1,252 housing units at an average density of 818.3 per square mile (315.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.9% White, 0.5% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 10.6% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.9% of the population.

There were 1,118 households of which 45.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.3% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.39.

The median age in the city was 29.8 years. 31.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.3% were from 25 to 44; 20.5% were from 45 to 64; and 10.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.5% male and 45.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 3,342 people, 1,091 households, and 819 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,565.0 people per square mile (992.6/km²). There were 1,218 housing units at an average density of 934.8 per square mile (361.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.05% White, 0.21% African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 7.09% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.38% of the population.

There were 1,091 households out of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.47.

In the city, the population was spread out with 33.2% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 107.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,023, and the median income for a family was $37,995. Males had a median income of $26,625 versus $22,734 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,898. About 10.3% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Within St. Anthony there are several city parks and walking trails offering many different recreational activities. Along the south side of the Henrys Fork there is the Greenway Trail, which starts near the US 20 junction with Bridge Street and continues south for a few miles.[19] There is also a swimming area along the river, several baseball diamonds and a skate park.[20]

The St. Anthony Sand Dunes.

Located north and northwest of the city is the St. Anthony Sand Dunes, an 10,600 acre area of white quartz sand protected by a wilderness study area and containing one of the largest herds of wintering elk in the United States. Along with the 2,500 elk that winter near the sand dunes, there are also 1,500 mule deer and 500 moose in the area. During their time in around the sand dunes, the big game will shed their antlers and come spring, several hundred people are known to come to the dunes to collect these.[21] This area is also popular for off-road vehicles and bonfires. There are several resorts surrounding the dunes.[22][23] Some of the dunes reach up to 400 feet tall.[24]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Idaho Department of Correction operates the St. Anthony Work Camp in St. Anthony. [25][26]

The United States Postal Service operates the Saint Anthony Post Office in Saint Anthony.[27]

St. Anthony is part of the Fremont County Joint School District. Within the city there is Henrys Fork Elementary, South Fremont Junior High and South Fremont Senior High. For both junior and senior high school, St. Anthony draws in students from nearby Parker and Teton.[28]

Climate[edit]

St. Anthony experiences a continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with long, cold, snowy winters and hot summers.

Climate data for St. Anthony (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 28.8
(−1.8)
34.0
(1.1)
43.6
(6.4)
55.7
(13.2)
65.6
(18.7)
74.4
(23.6)
82.8
(28.2)
82.7
(28.2)
73.0
(22.8)
60.1
(15.6)
41.7
(5.4)
30.3
(−0.9)
56.1
(13.4)
Average low °F (°C) 6.9
(−13.9)
9.2
(−12.7)
17.5
(−8.1)
25.4
(−3.7)
34.3
(1.3)
41.2
(5.1)
45.8
(7.7)
43.3
(6.3)
35.1
(1.7)
26.4
(−3.1)
16.9
(−8.4)
7.6
(−13.6)
25.8
(−3.4)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.26
(32)
0.90
(22.9)
1.10
(27.9)
1.13
(28.7)
2.02
(51.3)
1.52
(38.6)
0.97
(24.6)
0.75
(19)
0.92
(23.4)
1.00
(25.4)
1.32
(33.5)
1.30
(33)
14.19
(360.3)
Source: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [29]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Spokesman-Review - 2010 census - St. Anthony, Idaho - accessed 2011-12-26
  6. ^ "Fort Henry Monument". Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  7. ^ Shallat, Todd A.; Bentley, E. B. (1994). Snake: The Plain and Its People. Boise, ID: Boise State University. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-932129-12-3. OCLC 31689273. 
  8. ^ Andrew Jenson, Encyclopedia History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, p. 724
  9. ^ "Fremont County Idaho". Fremont County, Idaho. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  10. ^ a b "St. Anthony History". Greater Saint Anthony Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  11. ^ "Biographies for the State of Idaho". Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  12. ^ "Charles Calvin Moore". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  13. ^ "History of the Yellowstone Stake". FamilySearch. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  14. ^ "Inflation Calculator". Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  15. ^ "National Register of Historic Places". National Park Service. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ "City of St. Anthony - Henry's Fork Greenway". City of St. Anthony. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  20. ^ "City of St. Anthony - Parks and Recreation". City of St. Anthony. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  21. ^ "St. Anthony Brochure" (PDF). Bureau of Lane Management. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  22. ^ "St. Anthony Sand Dune Guide". Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  23. ^ "St. Anthony Sand Dunes". Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  24. ^ "St. Anthony Sand Dunes - Visit Idaho". Idaho Department of Commerce. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  25. ^ "Locations." Idaho Department of Correction. Retrieved on June 4, 2011. "St. Anthony Work Camp (SAWC) 125 N. 8th West St. Anthony ID 83445 "
  26. ^ "St. Anthony city, Idaho." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 3, 2011.
  27. ^ "Post Office™ Location - SAINT ANTHONY." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on June 3, 2011.
  28. ^ "Home - Fremont County Joint School District #215". Fremont County Joint School District. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  29. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 

External links[edit]