St. Augustine's Church (Manhattan)

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St. Augustine's Chapel
St. Augustine's Church 290 Henry Street.jpg
St. Augustine's Church (Manhattan) is located in New York City
St. Augustine's Church (Manhattan)
Location 290 Henry St.
Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates 40°42′48″N 73°59′2″W / 40.71333°N 73.98389°W / 40.71333; -73.98389Coordinates: 40°42′48″N 73°59′2″W / 40.71333°N 73.98389°W / 40.71333; -73.98389
Built 1827-29[2]
Architect John Heath
Architectural style Georgian, Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 80002718[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 6, 1980
Designated NYCL August 16, 1966

St. Augustine's Church at 290 Henry Street between Montgomery and Jackson Streets in the Lower East Side of Manhattan, New York City, was built in 1827-29 as the All Saints' Free Church – "Free" meaning that rent was not charged for pews[3] – and was constructed out of Manhattan schist.[2] The design – a Georgian structure with Gothic windows[4] – is credited to John Heath, and includes a double pediment and a projecting tower.[2] The church was enlarged in 1848 with the addition of a sanctuary and a chancel.[5]

This 1934 drawing from the Historic American Buildings Survey shows approximately what the east elevation of the church looked like before it lost its tower.

Traditionally, it is thought that two rough galleries on either side of the organ loft might have been for the use of slaves, despite the church having been built after slaves were emancipated in New York.[6]

In 1949, the congregation merged with St. Augustine's Chapel of Trinity Church, then located at 107 East Houston Street, and the new combined congregation used the building on Henry Street.[6] The parish became independent of Trinity in 1976.[2][6]

The building became a New York City landmark in 1966,[2] and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d e New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.48
  3. ^ Nevius, Michelle and Nevius, James. Inside the Apple: A Streetwise History of New York City. New York: Free Press, 2009. ISBN 141658997X, pp.62-63
  4. ^ White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5. , p.92
  5. ^ Historical marker on the church. Accessed: 2001-09-03
  6. ^ a b c Dunlap, David W. From Abyssinian to Zion. (2004) New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12543-7, p.193

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