St. Bartholomew's Church (Ljubljana)
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|St. Bartholomew's Church|
|Town or city||Šiška District / Ljubljana|
|Client||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ljubljana|
|Structural system||Brick and reinforced concrete|
|Design and construction|
St. Bartholomew's Church (Slovene: cerkev sv. Jerneja) — referred to by locals as the Old Church (Stara cerkev, which gave name to a nearby Ljubljana city bus stop) — is one of the oldest church buildings in Ljubljana, Slovenia.
The church was first mentioned in 1370, when in front of it a peace treaty between the Doge of Venice and Leopold III and Albert III of Habsburg was concluded by their representatives on 30 October 1370, in which the Austrians agreed to return the city of Trieste for the compensation of 75,000 florins.
In 1526, its valuables were donated to a fund for improving the city's defenses against Turkish attacks. In the end of 15th century and beginning of 16th, it was a venue of Protestant liturgy and was during Slovene anti-reformation in 1618, it was reclaimed as a Roman Catholic church. In 1825, it was damaged by fire and restored several times.
Some elements of the original Romanesque church have been preserved, among them the portal on the northern side. Between 1933-36, the church was redesigned according to plans by Jože Plečnik and was in 2009 added on the Slovenian Cultural Heritage List as a cultural monument of national significance under the number 2000.
On the Sunday nearest to St. Bartholomew's Day (24 August) - known as Mosquito Sunday - stalls selling gingerbread, pottery as well as basketry and other wickerwork lined the main road here. Parades and fetes, which attracted hundreds of people, were also once held beside this church.
- "2000: Ljubljana - Cerkev sv. Jerneja v Šiški" [2000: Ljubljana – St. Bartholomew's Church in Šiška]. Register nepremične kulturne dediščine [Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage] (in Slovenian). Ministry of Culture, Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- L'Archeografo triestino (PDF). Classic Reprint Series (in Italian). 1. Forgotten Books. 1870. p. 298.
- Habič, Marko (1997). "Šiška". Prestolnica Ljubljana nekoč in danes [A Pictorial Chronicle of a Capital City]. Geopedia.si. National Publishing House of Slovenia. ISBN 86-341-2007-4.
- Media related to St. Bartholomew's Church (Ljubljana) at Wikimedia Commons