St. Clair County, Alabama
St. Clair County
|Founded||November 20, 1818|
|Named for||Arthur St. Clair|
|Seat||Ashville & Pell City|
|Largest city||Pell City|
|• Total||654 sq mi (1,690 km2)|
|• Land||632 sq mi (1,640 km2)|
|• Water||22 sq mi (60 km2) 3.3%|
|• Density||140/sq mi (54/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
St. Clair County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census, the population was 91,103. It has two county seats: Ashville and Pell City. It is one of two counties in Alabama, and one of 33 in the United States, with more than one county seat. Its name is in honor of General Arthur St. Clair, an officer in the French and Indian War. St. Clair County is included in the Birmingham-Hoover, Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area.
St. Clair County was established on November 20, 1818 by the Alabama Territory legislature by splitting the area from Shelby County. The county seat was incorporated and named "Ashville" in honor of John Ash. In 1836, a portion of St. Clair County was separated to establish Cherokee County and DeKalb County. In 1866, after the Civil War, a northeast section of the county was used to create Etowah County. In 2019 St. Clair County became the seventh county in Alabama to adopt its own flag.
Due to the relatively high terrain of the far southern end of the Appalachian Mountains which divides the county in a northeast-southwest orientation, and the difficulty of communication and administration from either side of the county to the other, a second county seat was established in Pell City to better provide administration and services to the southeast side of the county.
- Etowah County - north
- Calhoun County - east
- Talladega County - southeast
- Shelby County - southwest
- Jefferson County - west
- Blount County - northwest
|U.S. Decennial Census|
At the 2000 census there were 64,742 people, 24,143 households, and 18,445 families living in the county. The population density was 102 people per square mile (39/km2). There were 27,303 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (17/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.03% White, 8.13% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In 2000 the largest ancestry groups in St. Clair county were:
Of the 24,143 households 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.60% were non-families. 20.80% of households were one person and 8.20% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.01.
The age distribution was 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.
The median household income was $37,285 and the median family income was $43,152. Males had a median income of $33,914 versus $24,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,960. About 9.60% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.
At the 2010 census there were 83,593 people, 31,624 households, and 23,364 families living in the county. The population density was 132 people per square mile (51/km2). There were 35,541 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (22/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.2% White, 8.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. 2.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 31,624 households 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 22.5% of households were one person and 8.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.02.
The age distribution was 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% 65 or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.3 males.
The median household income was $48,837 and the median family income was $56,107. Males had a median income of $43,287 versus $32,843 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,192. About 8.3% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.
- Ashville (county seat)
- Leeds (mostly in Jefferson County and Shelby County)
- Pell City (county seat)
- Trussville (mostly in Jefferson County)
- Branchville (now a neighborhood in Odenville)
Places of interest
- National Register of Historic Places listings in St. Clair County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in St. Clair County, Alabama
- "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-St.Clair.
- "QuickFacts: St. Clair County, Alabama; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- A digest of the laws of the State of Alabama: containing the statutes and resolutions in force at the end of the General Assembly in January, 1823. Published by Ginn & Curtis, J. & J. Harper, Printers, New-York, 1828. Title 10. Chapter XIX. Pages 88-89. "An Act to alter and ascertain more particularly the Boundaries of the County of Shelby and to lay off a new County in the northeast part thereof, to be called and known by the name of St. Clair County--Passed November 20 1818." (Google Books)
- James Spann. Television broadcast on WBMA-LD (ABC 33/40). Birmingham, AL. March 25, 2021.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 21, 2016.