St. Clair Lee
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|St. Clair Lee|
|Birth name||Bernard St. Clair Lee|
April 24, 1944|
|Died||March 8, 2011(aged 66)|
|Genres||R&B, Soul, Pop|
|Associated acts||Brothers and Sisters, The Children of Howard Hughes, The Hues Corporation, The Hues Corporation (reformed version)|
Bernard St. Clair Lee (April 24, 1944 – March 8, 2011) was an American Rhythm and Blues vocalist with the band The Hues Corporation, which had a top ten record on the R&B and pop music charts called "Rock The Boat". The single went to number one in 1974 and sold over two million copies.
Lee was born Bernard St. Clair Lee in San Francisco, California. It has often been erroneously stated that his full birth name was Bernard St. Clair Lee Calhoun Henderson, but he asserts in an interview that, while his ancestry included Calhouns and Hendersons, neither of these were ever part of his official name. When he was born, someone at the hospital mistakenly wrote "St. Clair" instead of his originally intended name, Sinclair. When he was a young man, he found out that "Sinclair" means "Big Bear" and that the American Indian side of his family were Blackfoot that had migrated down from Canada to Oklahoma. It was this discovery that led him to decide to wear his trademark headband. He attended Santa Monica College.
Late 1960s to late 1970s
Prior to the formation of the Hues Corporation, he was the lead singer of a group called Brothers and Sisters which was formed by Wally Holmes in 1968. Brothers and Sisters were a group with two male and two female singers. Holmes hoped to book them into Las Vegas clubs with an eight-member backing group. The group had the wrong combination of singers and broke up. A trio was formed and it was named the Children of Howard Hughes which was renamed as The Hues Corporation.
The Hues Corporation was formed in 1969, in Santa Monica and began playing frequently in Palm Springs and Las Vegas. In Vegas, Lee worked at Circus Circus. During this time, he worked on the same stages with Frank Sinatra, Milton Berle, Nancy Sinatra and Glen Campbell. When the band secured a record deal, Lee started to record and tour with the band regularly. Before their first big hit, they also contributed to the soundtrack of the blaxploitation film Blacula. The success of The Hues Corporation is greatly tied to the musicianship Lee worked with on their biggest selling album Freedom For The Stallion. In 1973, he was in the studio with some of RCA's best talent, including: Jim Gordon, Hal Blaine, and Dennis Budimir, as well as Larry Carlton, Joe Sample, and Wilton Felder of The Crusaders – and many others.
Touring with the band took Lee to Europe, South America, The Far East Australia and New Zealand. He performed for Queen Elizabeth at the same event with Dionne Warwick. He performed with The Jackson 5 in Radio City Music Hall. Lee also shared bills with The Commodores, The Spinners, Dolly Parton and Dinah Shore. After a second moderate success ("Rockin' Soul") with the band and a few more records, The Hues Corporation disbanded in 1978.
Lee died at his home in Lake Elsinore, aged 66. According to a coroners news release, he was found unresponsive in his home at around 8:30 am, March 8, 2011. His death was due to natural causes.
He was survived by his wife, sister, mother, a son and two stepsons. A memorial service was held at the Palisades Lutheran Church, 15905 Sunset Blvd., Pacific Palisades at 11 am on March 19. Former band mate Hubert Ann Kelly delivered the eulogy.
With The Hues Corporation
- 1978: Your Place or Mine - Warner Bros. BSK 3196
- 1977: I Caught Your Act - Warner Bros. BS 3043
- 1977: The Best of the Hues Corporaation RCA Victor APL1 2408
- 1976: Rock The Boat - RCA Victor
- 1975: Love Corporation - RCA Victor APL 0938
- 1974: Rockin' Soul - RCA Victor APL 0175
- 1973: Freedom for the Stallion - RCA APL1 0323 
Compilation - various artists
- Hues Corporation, Allmusic.com; accessed July 19, 2015.
- "The Hues Corporation Interview". www.classicbands.com. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- Claire Noland News, notes and follow-ups, Los Angeles Times Blogs, March 9, 2011.
- Marc Myers. Anatomy of a Song: 'Rock The Boat', wsj.com; accessed July 19, 2015.
- Bernard ST. CLAIR LEE Obituary, legacy.com; accessed July 19, 2015.
- Liner notes, RCA LP APL1-0323, 1973.
- Hues Corporation, soulwalking.co.uk; accessed July 19, 2015.
- Billboard Hues Corporation Biography
- Jay Warner, The Hues Corporation
- On this Day in Black Music History] pg. 116; accessed July 19, 2015.
- Pierre Perrone Obituary, independent.co.uk; accessed July 19, 2015.
- Rock the Boat musician dies in Lake Elsinore, pe.com; Accessed July 19, 2015.
- About Entertainment Gone But Not Forgotten: 2011 Musicians of the 50s, 60s, and 70s who passed away in 2011 Obituary, oldies.about.com; accessed July 19, 2015.
- Martin Popoff Goldmine Standard Catalog of American Records 1948-1991, p. 573; accessed July 19, 2015.
- Billboard August 3, 1974 Page 58 Billboard TOP LP's & TAPE
- DiscoMusic.com Ultra Dance
- Billboard October 27, 1984 Page 55 News Dance Trax
- Personal interview
- Gary James' Interview With St. Clair Lee of The Hues Corporation with Comments
- St. Clair Lee, American musician (Hues Corporation) died he was , 66
- Stars that died 2011 St. Clair Lee, American musician (Hues Corporation) died he was 66
- Bernard Lee at Find A Grave
- on YouTube
- Youtube: "Rock the Boat" Hues Corporation. Bernard St. Clair Lee's final Sweet and Hot performance Sept '10
- Youtube: "Lean on Me" the Hues Corp featuring St. Clair Lee S&H'10 (2/10)